The artistic traditions of Mesopotamia, or ancient Iraq, are among the oldest, and the richest, in the world. In this flat, fertile land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the ancient Sumerians created, before 3000 BC, the world's first advanced civilization, and each of the many powers that succeeded them left its own distinctive imprint on the region's culture. The broad chronological scope of this illustrated volume - from the fourth millennium BC to the fourteenth century AD - gives us a new appreciation of both the diversity and the continuity of Mesopotamian art history. Its text, written by leading scholars of Near Eastern art and archaeology, provides an erudite yet accessible overview of each major phase in this eventful artistic saga. The masterpieces discussed in these chapters are depicted in 217 illustrations, most of them full-color photographs, and following the main text is a visual guide to Iraq's principal archaeological sites, which provides a further 247 black-and-white photographs, maps, and plans. With its authoritative, up-to-date text and this wealth of illustrations, The Art and Architecture of Mesopotamia is an invaluable publication for anyone with an interest in humanity's cultural heritage.
Author: Giovanni Curatola
Modern-day archaeological discoveries in the Near East continue to illuminate man's understanding of the ancient world. This illustrated handbook describes the culture, history, and people of Mesopotamia, as well as their struggle for survival and happiness.
Author: Stephen Bertman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Traces the development of Mesopotamian art from Sumerian times to the late Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods. This text also covers the art and architecture of Asia Minor and the Hittites, of the Levant in the second millennium BC, of the Aramaeans and Phoenicians in Syria, and of Ancient Persia.
Author: Henri Frankfort
Publisher: Yale University Press
This book is the first in ten years to present a comprehensive survey of art and architecture in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, northeast Syria and southeast Turkey), from 8000 bce to the arrival of Islam in 636 bce. The book is richly illustrated with c. 400 full-colour photographs, and maps and time charts that guide readers through the chronology and geography of this part of the ancient Near East. The book addresses such essential art historical themes as the origins of narrative representation, the first emergence of historical public monuments and the earliest aesthetic commentaries. It explains how images and monuments were made and how they were viewed. It also traces the ancient practices of collecting and conservation and rituals of animating statues and of architectural construction. Accessible to students and non-specialists, the book expands the scope of standard surveys to cover art and architecture from the prehistoric to the Roman era, including the legendary cities of Ur, Babylon, Nineveh, Hatra and Seleucia on the Tigris.
Author: Zainab Bahrani
Publisher: Thames & Hudson
Author: Eva Strommenger,Max Hirmer
"This splendid work of scholarship . . . sums up with economy and power all that the written record so far deciphered has to tell about the ancient and complementary civilizations of Babylon and Assyria."—Edward B. Garside, New York Times Book Review Ancient Mesopotamia—the area now called Iraq—has received less attention than ancient Egypt and other long-extinct and more spectacular civilizations. But numerous small clay tablets buried in the desert soil for thousands of years make it possible for us to know more about the people of ancient Mesopotamia than any other land in the early Near East. Professor Oppenheim, who studied these tablets for more than thirty years, used his intimate knowledge of long-dead languages to put together a distinctively personal picture of the Mesopotamians of some three thousand years ago. Following Oppenheim's death, Erica Reiner used the author's outline to complete the revisions he had begun. "To any serious student of Mesopotamian civilization, this is one of the most valuable books ever written."—Leonard Cottrell, Book Week "Leo Oppenheim has made a bold, brave, pioneering attempt to present a synthesis of the vast mass of philological and archaeological data that have accumulated over the past hundred years in the field of Assyriological research."—Samuel Noah Kramer, Archaeology A. Leo Oppenheim, one of the most distinguished Assyriologists of our time, was editor in charge of the Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute and John A. Wilson Professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Chicago.
Portrait of a Dead Civilization
Author: A. Leo Oppenheim
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The roots of our modern world lie in the civilization of Mesopotamia, which saw the development of the first urban society and the invention of writing. The cuneiform texts reveal the technological and social innovations of Sumer and Babylonia as surprisingly modern, and the influence of this fascinating culture was felt throughout the Near East. Early Mesopotamia gives an entirely new account, integrating the archaeology with historical data which until now have been largely scattered in specialist literature.
Society and Economy at the Dawn of History
Author: Nicholas Postgate
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Describes the technology used in Mesopotamia to improve agriculture, construction, transportation, writing, and mathematics.
Author: Graham Faiella
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Rituals of war and images of violence in Mesopotamia ca. 3000-500 BCE examined as"magical technologies of warfare."
The Body and Violence in Mesopotamia
Author: Zainab Bahrani
Publisher: Zone Books (NY)
Women's Writing of Ancient Mesopotamia presents fresh and engaging translations of works that were composed or edited by female scribes and elite women of the ancient Near East. These texts provide insight into the social status, struggles, and achievements of women during the earliest periods of recorded human history (c.2300–540 BCE). In three introductory chapters and a concluding chapter, Charles Halton and Saana Svärd provide an overview of the civilization of ancient Mesopotamia and examine gender by analyzing these different kinds of texts. The translations cover a range of genres, including hymns, poems, prayers, letters, inscriptions, and oracles. Each text is accompanied by a short introduction that situates the composition within its ancient environment and explores what it reveals about the lives of women within the ancient world. This anthology will serve as an essential reference book for scholars and students of ancient history, gender studies, and world literature.
An Anthology of the Earliest Female Authors
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Henry Smith Williams
Category: World History
Author: Beatrice Teissier
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Ancient Mesopotamia was a rich, varied and highly complex culture whose achievements included the invention of writing and the development of sophisticated urban society. This book offers an introductory guide to the beliefs and customs of the ancient Mesopotamians, as revealed in their art and their writings between about 3000 B.C. and the advent of the Christian era. Gods, goddesses, demons, monsters, magic, myths, religious symbolism, ritual, and the spiritual world are all discussed in alphabetical entries ranging from short accounts to extended essays. Names are given in both their Sumerian and Akkadian forms, and all entries are fully cross-referenced. A useful introduction provides historical and geographical background and describes the sources of our knowledge about the religion, mythology and magic of "the cradle of civilisation."
an illustrated dictionary
Author: Jeremy A. Black,Anthony Green,Tessa Rickards