Aromatic Chemistry

Author: Malcolm Sainsbury

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198556748

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 4058

All the basic principles of the field of aromatic chemistry are clearly presented in this important account. Many compounds of industrial and biological significance are used as examples with consideration given to structure, reactions, and properties. Topics such as thermodynamic versus kinetic control and pericyclic reactions are also introduced. In addition to benzene and the classes of aromatic compounds derived from it, the text covers polycyclic arenes, and the small and large ring systems which are embraced by the wider definition of aromaticity. The text will be especially useful for courses in organic chemistry.

Aromatic Chemistry

Author: John D. Hepworth,David R. Waring,Michael J. Waring

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046621

Category: Education

Page: 168

View: 6930

This book provides material required by undergraduate students and is also ideal for industrial chemists seeking to update their knowledge of this important aspect of chemistry.

Industrial Aromatic Chemistry

Raw Materials · Processes · Products

Author: Heinz-Gerhard Franck,Jürgen W. Stadelhofer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642734324

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 7185

Aromatic organic hydrocarbons and heterocycles represent a bulk of about one third of all industrially produced organic basic materials. Aromatic compounds such as benzene, phenol, naphthalene, anthracene, and their homologues, are derived from raw materials, coal, crude oil and biogenic resources by thermal and catalytic refining processes. This book introduces the chemistry of aromatics with a brief discussion of the aromatic character and a survey of historical aspects, particularly the development of the organic dye industry during the 19th century. The main emphasis of the book is to give a clear prospect of industrial processes for the production and the derivatisation of aromatics with consistent flow diagrams. Economical aspects of by- and side-products are especially regarded. For the most important aromatics an analysis of the international market included their derivatives: polymers, pesticides, dyes, pigments and drugs. Professional scientists, managers and students in chemistry and chemical engineering will find a wealth of information for their career and daily work.

Arene Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms and Methods for Aromatic Compounds

Author: Jacques Mortier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118752015

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 8678

Organized to enable students and synthetic chemists to understand and expand on aromatic reactions covered in foundation courses, the book offers a thorough and accessible mechanistic explanation of aromatic reactions involving arene compounds. Surveys methods used for preparing arene compounds and their transformations Connects reactivity and methodology with mechanism Helps readers apply aromatic reactions in a practical context by designing syntheses Provides essential information about techniques used to determine reaction mechanisms

Aromatic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry for General Degree Students

Author: P.W.G. Smith,A.R. Tatchell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483140091

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 2736

Organic Chemistry for General Degree Students, Volume 2: Aromatic Chemistry presents the fundamental aspects of aromatic chemistry. This book explores the systematic study in the first instance of the chemistry of functional groups, based on their structural characteristics in aliphatic systems. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the properties of the aromatic nucleus followed by a consideration of the manner in which interaction with the aromatic system may alter the reactivity of functional groups. Other chapters explain the two distinctly different classes of aromatic halogen compounds. This text discusses as well the properties of an aromatic amine, which is characterized by having at least one aromatic system attached to the nitrogen atom and may be further categorized as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to the degree of substitution of the nitrogen. The final chapter examines the classical structure for thiophen. This book is a valuable resource for organic chemists and students.

Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

Author: Milton Lee

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323149030

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 8705

Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds focuses on the chemical and physical properties of the polycyclic aromatic compounds, critically evaluating various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. This book discusses how gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography can be both competitive and complementary analytical methods. Ancillary techniques of both are emphasized for the structural elucidation of individual polycyclic aromatic compounds in complex mixtures. The merits of spectroscopic methods in both structural work and quantitation are also described. This text likewise provides background information concerning the chemistry, occurrence, and toxicology of polycyclic aromatic compounds, including the isolation of polycyclic aromatic compounds from a wide variety of materials and matrices. This publication is recommended to scientists involved with the study of polycyclic aromatic compounds, analysts who need to acquire routine data, and individuals charged with formulating environmental policies and drafting regulations.

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Chemistry and Carcinogenicity

Author: Ronald G. Harvey

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521364584

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 6499

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which have been identified as potent human carcinogens, occur widely in the environment as a result of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and other organic matter. Major sources of emissions are wood and coal burning, automobiles, heat and power plants, and refuse burning. This volume reviews the chemistry of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their active metabolites, providing up-to-date information on their chemical and physical properties, methods of synthesis, enviromental occurrence, and chemical reactions. It also surveys their biological properties, metabolism and metabolic activation, and current concepts concerning their mechanisms of carcinogenesis. The emphasis throughout is on recent findings and newer methods and techniques. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this currently active field of research, bringing together in a single volume a large amount of information previously scattered throughout the scientific literature. It may be read with profit by anyone with an interest in the chemistry and metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, environmental chemistry and chemical carcinogenesis.

Aromatic Organic Chemistry

Author: Amit Arora

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788183562027

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 1387

This book is written for B.Sc. (Hons.) and M.Sc. students of various universities. In this book my aim has been describe the fundamental principles of organic chemistry. Since I do not consider the chemistry of natural products to be fundamental chemistry but rather the application of fundamental principles. The subject matter described in this book covers much of the basic organic chemistry that is needed by a student who which to study chemistry as a main subject at degree level. The arrangement of the subject-matter is based on homologous series and in general, descriptions of reactions are followed by discussion of their mechanisms and these includes an elementary account of the sort of evidence that led workers to suggest mechanisms that are acceptable at the present time.

Organic Chemistry

Author: John E. McMurry

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305686462

Category: Science

Page: 1512

View: 8187

The most trusted and best-selling text for organic chemistry just got better! Updated with more coverage of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, expanded with new end-of-chapter mechanism problems and Practice Your Scientific Reasoning and Analysis questions, and enhanced with OWLv2, the latest version of the leading online homework and learning system for chemistry, John McMurry's ORGANIC CHEMISTRY continues to set the standard for the course. The Ninth Edition also retains McMurry's hallmark qualities: comprehensive, authoritative, and clear. McMurry has developed a reputation for crafting precise and accessible texts that speak to the needs of instructors and students. More than a million students worldwide from a full range of universities have mastered organic chemistry through his trademark style, while instructors at hundreds of colleges and universities have praised his approach time and time again. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to the Chemistry of Benzenoid Compounds

Author: Muriel Tomlinson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483280241

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 1163

An Introduction to the Chemistry of Benzenoid Compounds is an introductory text to some chemical aspects of benzenoid compounds. This book is composed of 13 chapters that specifically cover the sources, properties, and reactions of these compounds. The opening chapters describe the structural aspects of benzenoid compounds, including their homologues, isomers, and aromaticity. The subsequent chapters deal with the disubstitution and addition reactions of the benzene nucleus. Considerable chapters are devoted to the synthesis of benzenoid derivatives, such as aromatic halides, nitro-compounds, carbonyl compounds, acids, and amines, phenols, alcohols, and naphthalene. The final chapter introduces the chemistry of anthracene, phenanthrene, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This book is of value to organic chemistry students.

Symposia, Bristol, 1958

Developments in aromatic chemistry. Applications of electron and nuclear resonance in chemistry. Recent work on the inorganic chemistry of sulphur

Author: Chemical Society (Great Britain)

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 8317

Aromatic Interactions

Frontiers in Knowledge and Application

Author: Darren W. Johnson,Fraser Hof

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782624171

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 3023

The field of aromatic interactions, the fundamental nature of substituent effects and the identification of contacts between anions and aromatic systems have generated stimulating arguments in recent years. New theoretical frameworks have been developed and tested and aromatic interactions have emerged as potential solutions for varied problems in biology and materials science. This book provides a wide ranging survey of the latest findings and advances surrounding aromatic interactions, stretching from the fundamentals to modern applications in synthesis, biology and materials chemistry. It also discusses computational, experimental and analytical approaches to understanding these interactions, including pi-pi, anion-pi, and cation-pi interactions. Aromatic Interactions: Frontiers in Knowledge and Application is a useful text for advanced students and researchers, and appeals to those working within the fields of supramolecular chemistry, computational chemistry and thermodynamics.

A Concise Text-Book of Organic Chemistry

The Commonwealth and International Library: Chemistry Division

Author: C. G. Lyons,S. McLintock,Nora H. Lumb

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483139042

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 5248

A Concise Text-Book of Organic Chemistry is a handy guide for chemistry students preparing for Advanced Level certificates. The nature of organic chemistry, compared with that of inorganic chemistry, is basically the chemistry of carbon. The book focuses on the arrangements and changes of the atoms inside the carbon molecules. The molecular formulas of organic compounds are therefore studied, including alkanes and their derivatives known as aliphatic or fatty acids, as well as the hydrocarbons of the benzene series and derivatives known as the aromatic compounds. The aliphatic amines as derivatives of ammonia resulting from the substitution of the hydrogen atoms by alkyl groups are described. The formula for methane, although at present is convenient for general purposes, is shown to be not a true representative of the actual arrangement in which four H radicals are grouped around the carbon atom. Castor oil, linseed, and other drying oils are also examined in terms of their glyceride (of other long chain unsaturated acids) content. Carbohydrates, divided as monosaccharides, polysaccharides, and glycosides, are discussed as to their empirical composition. The several methods and reagents for synthesizing organic compounds are explained, using the simple aliphatic organic compounds as an example. The aromatic series of organic compounds, such as the benzene series of hydrocarbons, and the aromatic sulfonic acids, phenols, and ethers are then analyzed. This book is suitable for students of organic chemistry and for those preparing for tests in the General Certificate of Education and for the Ordinary National Certificate. Readers related to agricultural, medical, pharmaceutical, and technological and technical courses can find this guide relevant.

How To Solve Organic Reaction Mechanisms

A Stepwise Approach

Author: Mark G. Moloney

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698517

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 1107

How To Solve Organic Reaction Mechanisms: A Stepwise Approach is an upgraded and much-expanded sequel to the bestselling text Reaction Mechanisms at a Glance. This book takes a unique approach to show that a general problem-solving strategy is applicable to many of the common reactions of organic chemistry, demonstrating that logical and stepwise reasoning, in combination with a good understanding of the fundamentals, is a powerful tool to apply to the solution of problems. Sub-divided by functional group, the book uses a check-list approach to problem-solving using mechanistic organic chemistry as its basis. Each mechanistic problem is presented as a two-page spread; the left-hand page introduces the problem and provides a stepwise procedure for working through the reaction mechanisms, with helpful hints about the underlying chemistry. The right-hand page contains the full worked solution and summary. This revised edition includes the following updates: A new chapter which applies the problem solving strategy to ligand coupling reactions using transition metals Much-expanded set of fully worked problems Over 40 further problems (with answers for tutors) for use in tutorials How To Solve Organic Reaction Mechanisms: A Stepwise Approach is an essential workbook for all students studying organic chemistry, and a useful aide for teachers of undergraduate organic chemistry to use in their tutorials.

Bridged Aromatic Compounds

Author: Brandes Smith

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323163211

Category: Science

Page: 566

View: 7564

Organic Chemistry, Volume 2: Bridged Aromatic Compounds covers the research studies on cyclophane chemistry, bridged ferrocenes, and other similar compounds. This volume contains 10 chapters. The first five chapters describe the nomenclature, synthesis, reactions, chemistry, and dissymmetry of bridged aromatic compounds. The subsequent four chapters discuss the application of selected analytical methods to delineate the chemistry of these compounds, including UV and infrared absorption spectroscopy, X-ray methods, and nuclear and electron magnetic resonance. The last chapter provides tabulations of the more common physical properties reported for bridged aromatic compounds. Organic chemists and researchers and undergraduate and graduate organic chemistry students will greatly appreciate this book.

The Chemistry of Nonbenzenoid Aromatic Compounds — II

Second International Symposium on the Chemistry of Nonbenzenoid Aromatic Compounds

Author: R. Kreher,T. H. Darmstadt

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483156125

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 5774

The Chemistry of Nonbenzenoid Aromatic Compounds — II is a collection of plenary lectures presented at the Second International Symposium on the Chemistry of Nonbenzenoid Aromatic Compounds. Starting with a review of the synthesis and study of select heterocycles, the book includes results and developments in this area. A significant part of the reviews of nonbenzenoid aromatic compounds is the examination of annulenese that contain larger Huckel systems than benzene. The demand for better synthetic methods in the study has increased as bridged annulenes have been made for suitable models of testing theoretical concepts. Early studies on some nonbenzenoid aromatic compounds and the related problems are also discussed. A description of the syntheses of several polycyclic systems that contain potential cyclobutadiene rings follows. Studies are made on 8-oxoheptafulvene chemistry after earlier chemical and physical examination of heptafulvene and related compounds provided avenues for research. Some aspects of strained systems, [4]annulene and its Ch+adduct are reviewed in terms of usefulness when applying a theoretical guide, proving the calculations and experiments. Studies on higher membered annulenyl ions belonging to five groups are also discussed. Research chemists, students, and professors in chemistry and related fields such as organic chemistry will find this collection useful.

Homolytic Aromatic Substitution

International Series of Monographs on Organic Chemistry

Author: G. H. Williams

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483151131

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 8223

Homolytic Aromatic Substitution deals with the theoretical aspects of homolytic aromatic substitution reactions. The effect of various kinds of free radicals on the substitution of atoms or groups (usually hydrogen) attached to aromatic nuclei is examined, and the preparative use of homolytic substitution reactions is also considered. This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins with an introduction to the general characteristics of homolysis, along with homolytic and heterolytic aromatic substitution. The discussion then turns to the various theoretical approaches used to rationalize aromatic substitution, particularly those that are germane to a consideration of the problems of orientation and reactivity in homolytic substitution. The following chapters explore homolytic arylation reactions, including those between aryl radicals and aromatic substrates; relative rates of arylation and partial rate factors for phenylation; the reaction mechanism underlying intramolecular arylation; and homolytic alkylation reactions. The final chapter deals with hydroxylation and some other substitution reactions such as benzoyloxylation, acetyloxylation, halogenation, amination and amidation, and mercuration. This monograph will be of interest to organic chemists.

Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution of Hydrogen

Author: Oleg N. Chupakhin,Valery N. Charushin,Henk C. van der Plas

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323140599

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 2637

Nucleophilic aromatic substitution in carbo- and heteroaromatic systems is a subject of considerable interest to chemists. This book uniquely addresses the systematic analysis of a vast range of nucleophilic substitutions of aromatic hydrogen. * This text provides coverage of: * Nucleophilic displacement of hydrogen (the S N/H reactions) in pi-deficient aromatics, such as nitroarenes, arene-metal complexes, and the like. * Nucleophilic displacement of hydrogen in heterocyclic substrates such as pyridines, their aza and benzo analogs, pyrylium and thiapyrylium cations, and other heterocycles * Mechanisms for the S N/H reactions (S N/H(AE), vicarious nucleophilic substitutions, and radical S N/H substitutions