An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687450

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 9065

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and EarthStructures is an introduction to seismology and its role in theearth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate andbeginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed usinga physical approach and then applied to show how refraction,reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study thestructure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. Thebook shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and areintegrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonicprocesses that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, andcomputer exercises teach students about seismology in a creativeand intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vectorand tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statisticsof errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introducedwith many relevant examples. The text also addresses thefundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology tosocietal issues. Special attention is paid to help studentsvisualize connections between different topics and view seismologyas an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and EarthStructure gives an excellent overview for students ofgeophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation forfurther studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering tostudents in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology,physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismicevents such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, andTaiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and alist of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essentialmath needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in classor left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover thematerial presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numberedproblem sets are listed in the back so that students can tracktheir progress. Extensive References - classic references and more currentreferences are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versionsof all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homeworkproblems is available at:http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on thiswebsite are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5chapters of the book.

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780865420786

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1479

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and Earth Structures is an introduction to seismology and its role in the earth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed using a physical approach and then applied to show how refraction, reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study the structure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. The book shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and are integrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonic processes that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, and computer exercises teach students about seismology in a creative and intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vector and tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statistics of errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introduced with many relevant examples. The text also addresses the fundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology to societal issues. Special attention is paid to help students visualize connections between different topics and view seismology as an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure gives an excellent overview for students of geophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation for further studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering to students in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology, physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismic events such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, and Taiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and a list of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essential math needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in class or left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover the material presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numbered problem sets are listed in the back so that students can track their progress. Extensive References - classic references and more current references are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versions of all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homework problems is available at: http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on this website are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5 chapters of the book.

Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter M. Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521882109

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 4130

This book provides an approachable and concise introduction to seismic theory for a one-semester undergraduate course.

An Introduction to the Theory of Seismology

Author: Keith Edward Bullen,K. E. Bullen,Bruce A. Bolt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521283892

Category: Science

Page: 499

View: 7952

Emphasizing physical models and applicable mathematics, this newly revised edition includes extensive additional material on the introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones, and earthquake prediction and risk.

Vulkanismus

Author: Hans-Ulrich Schmincke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783863123673

Category:

Page: 264

View: 6582


Geodäsie

Author: Wolfgang Torge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110198177

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 2647

Das Buch gibt einen systematischen Überblick über die grundlegenden Theorien, die Bezugssysteme und die Mess- und Auswertemethoden der Geodäsie, wobei der Beitrag der geodätischen Raumtechniken zur Positionierung und zur Schwerefeldbestimmung besonders herausgestellt wird. Diese Methoden haben auch zu einem für die Praxis wichtigen Wandel in der Einrichtung geodätischer Grundlagennetze geführt. Zur interdisziplinären Geodynamikforschung kann die Geodäsie damit ebenfalls wesentliche Beiträge leisten. Der gegenwärtige Stand der Geodäsie wird durch eine Vielzahl von Beispielen aus Messung, Auswertung und Analyse illustriert, ein umfangreiches Literaturverzeichnis erleichtert ein weitergehendes Studium. Das Buch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über die tiefgreifenden Veränderungen, welche die Geodäsie in den vergangenen zwanzig Jahren erfahren hat.

Introduction to Volcanic Seismology

Author: Vyacheslav M. Zobin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044456375X

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 8113

Volcanic seismology represents the main, and often the only, tool to forecast volcanic eruptions and to monitor the eruption process. This book describes the main types of seismic signals at volcanoes, their nature and spatial and temporal distributions at different stages of eruptive activity. Following from the success of the first edition, published in 2003, the second edition consists of 19 chapters including significant revision and five new chapters. Organized into four sections, the book begins with an introduction to the history and topic of volcanic seismology, discussing the theoretical and experimental models that were developed for the study of the origin of volcanic earthquakes. The second section is devoted to the study of volcano-tectonic earthquakes, giving the theoretical basis for their occurrence and swarms as well as case stories of volcano-tectonic activity associated with the eruptions at basaltic, andesitic, and dacitic volcanoes. There were 40 cases of volcanic eruptions at 20 volcanoes that occurred all over the world from 1910 to 2005, which are discussed. General regularities of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms, their participation in the eruptive process, their source properties, and the hazard of strong volcano-tectonic earthquakes are also described. The third section describes the theoretical basis for the occurrence of eruption earthquakes together with the description of volcanic tremor, the seismic signals associated with pyroclastic flows, rockfalls and lahars, and volcanic explosions, long-period and very-long-period seismic signals at volcanoes, micro-earthquake swarms, and acoustic events. The final section discuss the mitigation of volcanic hazard and include the methodology of seismic monitoring of volcanic activity, the examples of forecasting of volcanic eruptions by seismic methods, and the description of seismic activity in the regions of dormant volcanoes. This book will be essential for students and practitioners of volcanic seismology to understand the essential elements of volcanic eruptions. Provides a comprehensive overview of seismic signals at different stages of volcano eruption. Discusses dozens of case histories from around the world to provide real-world applications. Illustrations accompany detailed descriptions of volcano eruptions alongside the theories involved.

Global Tectonics

Author: Philip Kearey,Frederick Vine

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780865429246

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 5468

Warmly praised in its first edition, particularly for its careful balance between geology and geophysics, Global Tectonics is an even better textbook in its second edition. Responding to reviews, comments from instructors and developments in the subject, the authors have significantly extended the book's breadth and restructured some sections. Expanded sections include those on the formation of oceanic crust, the variety of passive continental margins and the nature of convection in the mantle, and a new chapter draws together the material on continental rifts and sedimentary basins. Written by very eminent authors. Fred Vine was one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory. Careful balance between geology and geophysics. New section of full colour plates. Addition of a new chapter drawing together the coverage of continental rifts and sedimentary basins. Expanded coverage, particularly of deep seismic reflection, hot spots and petrogenesis.

PHP kurz & gut

Author: Sebastian Bergmann,Rasmus Lerdorf

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868997180

Category: Computers

Page: 208

View: 3970

PHP - kurz & gut, der nützliche Klassiker im praktischen Taschenbuchformat, deckt in der dritten Auflage jetzt PHP 5 ab. Für die Neuauflage wurde die von Rasmus Lerdorf geschriebene Referenz von den PHP-Experten Garvin Hicking und Sebastian Bergmann überarbeitet, aktualisiert und noch einmal deutlich erweitert. Das Buch enthält eine knappe Einführung in Syntax und Struktur von PHP sowie eine Schnellreferenz für die gebräuchlichsten Funktionen von PHP 5. Im Referenzteil sind die PHP-Funktionen thematisch angeordnet und zusätzlich mit einem alphabetischen Index versehen worden, so dass Sie jetzt noch effektiver mit dem Bändchen arbeiten können. Kompakt, übersichtlich und auf den Punkt gebracht: PHP - kurz & gut bietet auch in der dritten Auflage den komprimierten Überblick über die beliebte Skriptsprache, den Sie von einem Band aus O'Reillys Taschenbibliothek erwarten.

Solved Problems in Geophysics

Author: Elisa Buforn,Carmen Pro,Agustín Udías Vallina,Agustín Udías

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107602718

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 9695

A collection of nearly 200 geophysics problems, with detailed solutions, forming an ideal course supplement for students and instructors.

Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures

Author: Tapan K. Sen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470742356

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 6511

This book provides a practical guide to the basic essentials of earthquake engineering with a focus on seismic loading and structural design. Benefiting from the author’s extensive career in structural and earthquake engineering, dynamic analysis and lecturing, it is written from an industry perspective at a level suitable for graduate students. Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures is organised into four major sections: introduction to earthquakes and related engineering problems, analysis, seismic loading, and design concepts. From a practical perspective, reviews linear and non-linear behaviour, introduces concepts of uniform hazard spectra, discusses loading provisions in design codes and examines soil-structure interaction issues, allowing the reader to quickly identify and implement information in a working environment. Discusses probabilistic methods that are widely employed in the assessment of seismic hazard, illustrating the use of Monte Carlo simulation with a number of worked examples. Summarises the latest developments in the field such as performance-based seismic engineering and advances in liquefaction research. “There are many books on earthquake engineering, but few are of direct use to the practising structural designer. This one, however, offers a new perspective, putting emphasis on the practical aspects of quantifying seismic loading, and explaining the importance of geotechnical effects during a major seismic event in readily understandable terms. The author has succeeded in marrying important seismological considerations with structural engineering practice, and this long-awaited book will find ready acceptance in the profession.” Professor Patrick J. Dowling CBE, DL, DSc, FIStructE, Hon MRIA, FIAE, FREng, FRS Chairman, British Association for the Advancement of Science Emeritus Professor and Retired Vice Chancellor, University of Surrey

The Solid Earth

An Introduction to Global Geophysics

Author: C. M. R. Fowler,Connie May Fowler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521893077

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 6044

The Solid Earth is a general introduction to the study of the physics of the solid Earth, including the workings of both the Earth's surface and its deep interior. The emphasis throughout is on basic physical principles rather than instrumentation or data handling. The second edition of this acclaimed textbook has been revised to bring the content fully up-to-date and to reflect the most recent advances in geophysical research. It is designed for undergraduates on introductory geophysics courses who have a general background in the physical sciences, including introductory calculus. It can also be used as a reference book for graduate students and other researchers in geology and geophysics. Each chapter ends with exercises of various degrees of complexity, for which solutions are available to instructors from www.cambridge.org/9780521893077. The book contains an extensive glossary of geological and physical terms, as well as appendices that develop more advanced mathematical topics.

Seismology and Plate Tectonics

Author: David Gubbins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521379953

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 9318

This introduction to seismological theory and the principles of plate tectonics also develops a practical approach to the interpretation of seismograms for physicists and mathematicians as well as geologists.

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465953

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9474

This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.

Tectonics

Author: Eldridge M. Moores,Robert J. Twiss

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716724377

Category: Science

Page: 415

View: 7733

The first full-length textbook devoted exclusively to explaining the principles and applications of tectonic theory, written by two of the field's leading authorities. It is designed for upper-level courses in active tectonics and structures.

Seismology

Author: Hugh Doyle

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 218

View: 1585

Seismology is an important branch of earth science and geophysics, providing most of our knowledge of the structure of the Earth and is used in investigations of the sub-surface, being essential in the modern exploration for oil and gas, an area In which most seismotegists are employed. The study of earthquakes is a fascinating subject both for the professional and the fayperson, and has increasing importance as populations expand and spread. Seismology continues to grow and become more sophisticated with the development of better instruments and surveys, and the impact of the computer. Providing an introduction to the subject, this volume looks at general seismology, seismic waves, earthquakes and their effects, the structure of the Earth, and exploration seismology, in particular hydrocarbon exploration. This highly illustrated book includes a survey of principles and applications with a non-mathematical approach, together with an historical section and a large reference list. Suitable for students, geologists, geophysicists, and the layperson, this volume provides an up-to-date overview of general and exploration seismology.

Introduction to Seismology

Author: M. Bath

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034852835

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 428

View: 3184

To Seismology Second, Revised Edition 1979 Springer Basel AG First published under Markus Bath, Introduktion till Seism%gin by Natur och Kultur Stockholm © 1970, Markus Bath and Bokforlaget Natur och Kultur, Stockholm CIP-Kurztitelaufnahme der Deutschen Bibliothek Bath, Markus: Introduction to seismology / Markus Bath. - 2., rev. ed. (Wissenschaft und Kultur; Bd. 27) Einheitssacht. : Introduktion till seismologin (dt.) ISBN 978-3-0348-5285-2 ISBN 978-3-0348-5283-8 (eBook) DOI 10. 1007/978-3-0348-5283-8 All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced by any means, nor transmitted, nor translated into a machine language without the written permission of the publisher English translation © 1973, 1979 Springer Basel AG Urspriinglich erschienen bei Birkhlluser Verlag Basel 1979 Softcover reprint of tbe hardcover 2nd edition 1979 ISBN 978-3-0348-5285-2 The data must be greatly amplified Preface and strengthened. to the First Edition BE NO GUTENBERG (1959) The purpose of this book is to give a popular review of modern seismology, its research methods, problems of current interest and results and also to some extent to elucidate the historical background. Especially in recent years, seismology has attracted much interest from the general public as well as from news agencies. The reasons for this are partly con nected with recordings of large explosions (nuclear tests), partly related to earthquake catastrophes. This interest and the questions which people have asked us for the past years have to a certain extent served as a sti mulus in the preparation of this book.