An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687450

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1160

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and EarthStructures is an introduction to seismology and its role in theearth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate andbeginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed usinga physical approach and then applied to show how refraction,reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study thestructure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. Thebook shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and areintegrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonicprocesses that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, andcomputer exercises teach students about seismology in a creativeand intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vectorand tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statisticsof errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introducedwith many relevant examples. The text also addresses thefundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology tosocietal issues. Special attention is paid to help studentsvisualize connections between different topics and view seismologyas an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and EarthStructure gives an excellent overview for students ofgeophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation forfurther studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering tostudents in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology,physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismicevents such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, andTaiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and alist of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essentialmath needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in classor left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover thematerial presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numberedproblem sets are listed in the back so that students can tracktheir progress. Extensive References - classic references and more currentreferences are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versionsof all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homeworkproblems is available at:http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on thiswebsite are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5chapters of the book.

Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521669535

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 4001

An approachable and concise introduction to seismology for upper-division undergraduates and first-year graduate students.

An Introduction to the Theory of Seismology

Author: Keith Edward Bullen,K. E. Bullen,Bruce A. Bolt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521283892

Category: Science

Page: 499

View: 4991

Emphasizing physical models and applicable mathematics, this newly revised edition includes extensive additional material on the introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones, and earthquake prediction and risk.

Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures

Author: Tapan K. Sen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470742356

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 8322

This book provides a practical guide to the basic essentials of earthquake engineering with a focus on seismic loading and structural design. Benefiting from the author’s extensive career in structural and earthquake engineering, dynamic analysis and lecturing, it is written from an industry perspective at a level suitable for graduate students. Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures is organised into four major sections: introduction to earthquakes and related engineering problems, analysis, seismic loading, and design concepts. From a practical perspective, reviews linear and non-linear behaviour, introduces concepts of uniform hazard spectra, discusses loading provisions in design codes and examines soil-structure interaction issues, allowing the reader to quickly identify and implement information in a working environment. Discusses probabilistic methods that are widely employed in the assessment of seismic hazard, illustrating the use of Monte Carlo simulation with a number of worked examples. Summarises the latest developments in the field such as performance-based seismic engineering and advances in liquefaction research. “There are many books on earthquake engineering, but few are of direct use to the practising structural designer. This one, however, offers a new perspective, putting emphasis on the practical aspects of quantifying seismic loading, and explaining the importance of geotechnical effects during a major seismic event in readily understandable terms. The author has succeeded in marrying important seismological considerations with structural engineering practice, and this long-awaited book will find ready acceptance in the profession.” Professor Patrick J. Dowling CBE, DL, DSc, FIStructE, Hon MRIA, FIAE, FREng, FRS Chairman, British Association for the Advancement of Science Emeritus Professor and Retired Vice Chancellor, University of Surrey

The Universe as It Really Is

Earth, Space, Matter, and Time

Author: Thomas R. Scott

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231545762

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 3290

The universe that science reveals to us can seem far outside the comfort zone of the human mind. Subjects near and far open up dizzying vistas, from the infinitesimal to the colossal. Humanity, the unlikely product of uncountable coincidences on unimaginable scales, inhabits a tumultuous universe that extends from our immediate environs to the most distant galaxies and beyond. But when the mind balks at the vertiginous complexity of the universe, science unveils the elegance amid the chaos. In this book, Thomas R. Scott ventures into the known and the unknown to explain our universe and the laws that govern it. The Universe as It Really Is begins with physics and the building blocks of the universe—time, gravity, light, and elementary particles—and chemistry’s ability to explain the interactions among them. Scott, with the assistance of James Lawrence Powell, next tours the earth and atmospheric sciences to explain the forces that shape our planet and then takes off for the stars to describe our place in the cosmos. He provides vivid introductions to our collective scientific inheritance, narrating discoveries such as the shape of the atom and the nature of the nucleus or how we use GPS to measure time and what that has to do with relativity. A clear demonstration of the power of scientific reasoning to bring the incomprehensible within our grasp, The Universe as It Really Is gives an engrossing account of just how much we do understand about the world around us.

Geowissenschaften

Die Dynamik des Systems Erde

Author: Christian Robert,Romain Bousquet

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366250393X

Category: Science

Page: 1017

View: 3194

Dieses Lehrbuch bildet in einem Band mit über 800 erklärenden Grafiken und anschaulichen Fotos eine Synthese aller Themen rund um die Geowissenschaften. Die beiden Autoren Christian Robert und Romain Bousquet entwerfen ein umfassendes und kohärentes Bild der Entwicklung unseres Planeten von seinen Anfängen bis hin zu seinem heutigen Zustand. Nach einer grundlegenden Einführung behandelt das Werk vier große Themen: Es beginnt mit der Entstehung des Planeten Erde vom Aufbau des Weltalls bis zur Mineralogie und Stabilität der Materialen. Im zweiten Teil folgen die Kennzeichen der Dynamik der Erde und deren Untersuchung mit geophysikalischen und strukturgeologischen Methoden. Im dritten Teil geht es um den Kreislauf der Gesteine und Gebirgsbildungsprozesse. Abschließend behandeln die Autoren die Rohstoffe der Erde. Im gesamten Werk stellen sie die grundlegenden Aussagen neuen Erkenntnissen und Theorien gegenüber. Ein wichtiges Referenzwerk für Studierende der Geowissenschaften sowie Lehrende und Forschende.

Geodäsie

Author: Wolfgang Torge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110198177

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 4575

Das Buch gibt einen systematischen Überblick über die grundlegenden Theorien, die Bezugssysteme und die Mess- und Auswertemethoden der Geodäsie, wobei der Beitrag der geodätischen Raumtechniken zur Positionierung und zur Schwerefeldbestimmung besonders herausgestellt wird. Diese Methoden haben auch zu einem für die Praxis wichtigen Wandel in der Einrichtung geodätischer Grundlagennetze geführt. Zur interdisziplinären Geodynamikforschung kann die Geodäsie damit ebenfalls wesentliche Beiträge leisten. Der gegenwärtige Stand der Geodäsie wird durch eine Vielzahl von Beispielen aus Messung, Auswertung und Analyse illustriert, ein umfangreiches Literaturverzeichnis erleichtert ein weitergehendes Studium. Das Buch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über die tiefgreifenden Veränderungen, welche die Geodäsie in den vergangenen zwanzig Jahren erfahren hat.

Seismology and Plate Tectonics

Author: David Gubbins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521379953

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 4777

This introduction to seismological theory and the principles of plate tectonics also develops a practical approach to the interpretation of seismograms for physicists and mathematicians as well as geologists.

Disaster Deferred

A New View of Earthquake Hazards in the New Madrid Seismic Zone

Author: Seth Stein

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152241X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4853

In the winter of 1811-12, a series of large earthquakes in the New Madrid seismic zone-often incorrectly described as the biggest ever to hit the United States-shook the Midwest. Today the federal government ranks the hazard in the Midwest as high as California's and is pressuring communities to undertake expensive preparations for disaster. Coinciding with the two-hundredth anniversary of the New Madrid earthquakes, Disaster Deferred revisits these earthquakes, the legends that have grown around them, and the predictions of doom that have followed in their wake. Seth Stein clearly explains the techniques seismologists use to study Midwestern quakes and estimate their danger. Detailing how limited scientific knowledge, bureaucratic instincts, and the media's love of a good story have exaggerated these hazards, Stein calmly debunks the hype surrounding such predictions and encourages the formulation of more sensible, less costly policy. Powered by insider knowledge and an engaging style, Disaster Deferred shows how new geological ideas and data, including those from the Global Positioning System, are painting a very different-and much less frightening-picture of the future.

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control

Author: Frank Lees

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123977827

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3776

View: 1498

Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees’ is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources

Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter M. Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521882109

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 4378

This book provides an approachable and concise introduction to seismic theory for a one-semester undergraduate course.

Modern Global Seismology

Author: Thorne Lay,Terry C. Wallace

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080536712

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 2829

Intended as an introduction to the field, Modern Global Seismology is a complete, self-contained primer on seismology. It features extensive coverage of all related aspects, from observational data through prediction, emphasizing the fundamental theories and physics governing seismic waves--both natural and anthropogenic. Based on thoroughly class-tested material, the text provides a unique perspective on the earths large-scale internal structure and dynamic processes, particularly earthquake sources, and on the application of theory to the dynamic processes of the earths upper skin. Authored by two experts in the field of geophysics. this insightful text is designed for the first-year graduate course in seismology. Exploration seismologists will also find it an invaluable resource on topics such as elastic-wave propagation, seismicinstrumentation, and seismogram analysis useful in interpreting their high-resolution images of structure for oil and mineral resource exploration. More than 400 illustrations, many from recent research articles, help readers visualize mathematical relationships 49 Boxed Features explain advanced topics Provides readers with the most in-depth presentation of earthquake physics available Contains incisive treatments of seismic waves, waveform evaluation and modeling, and seismotectonics Provides quantitative treatment of earthquake source mechanics Contains numerous examples of modern broadband seismic recordings Fully covers current seismic instruments and networks Demonstrates modern waveform inversion methods Includes extensive references for further reading

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration

Author: Philip Kearey,Michael Brooks,Ian Hill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698932

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7623

This new edition of the well-established Kearey and Brooks text isfully updated to reflect the important developments in geophysicalmethods since the production of the previous edition. The broadscope of previous editions is maintained, with even greater clarityof explanations from the revised text and extensively revisedfigures. Each of the major geophysical methods is treatedsystematically developing the theory behind the method anddetailing the instrumentation, field data acquisition techniques,data processing and interpretation methods. The practicalapplication of each method to such diverse exploration applicationsas petroleum, groundwater, engineering, environmental and forensicis shown by case histories. The mathematics required in order to understand the text ispurposely kept to a minimum, so the book is suitable for coursestaken in geophysics by all undergraduate students. It will also beof use to postgraduate students who might wish to includegeophysics in their studies and to all professional geologists whowish to discover the breadth of the subject in connection withtheir own work.

Introduction to Seismology

Author: M. Bath

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034852835

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 428

View: 3435

To Seismology Second, Revised Edition 1979 Springer Basel AG First published under Markus Bath, Introduktion till Seism%gin by Natur och Kultur Stockholm © 1970, Markus Bath and Bokforlaget Natur och Kultur, Stockholm CIP-Kurztitelaufnahme der Deutschen Bibliothek Bath, Markus: Introduction to seismology / Markus Bath. - 2., rev. ed. (Wissenschaft und Kultur; Bd. 27) Einheitssacht. : Introduktion till seismologin (dt.) ISBN 978-3-0348-5285-2 ISBN 978-3-0348-5283-8 (eBook) DOI 10. 1007/978-3-0348-5283-8 All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced by any means, nor transmitted, nor translated into a machine language without the written permission of the publisher English translation © 1973, 1979 Springer Basel AG Urspriinglich erschienen bei Birkhlluser Verlag Basel 1979 Softcover reprint of tbe hardcover 2nd edition 1979 ISBN 978-3-0348-5285-2 The data must be greatly amplified Preface and strengthened. to the First Edition BE NO GUTENBERG (1959) The purpose of this book is to give a popular review of modern seismology, its research methods, problems of current interest and results and also to some extent to elucidate the historical background. Especially in recent years, seismology has attracted much interest from the general public as well as from news agencies. The reasons for this are partly con nected with recordings of large explosions (nuclear tests), partly related to earthquake catastrophes. This interest and the questions which people have asked us for the past years have to a certain extent served as a sti mulus in the preparation of this book.

Die Entstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane

Author: Alfred Wegener

Publisher: mach-mir-ein-ebook.de

ISBN: 3944309006

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 532

Dies ist das grundlegende Werk über die Entdeckung der Kontinentaldrift und die Entstehung der Kontinente. Wegeners Theorie von der Verschiebung der Kontinente blieb zu seinen Lebzeiten immer umstritten und geriet nach seinem Tod rasch in Vergessenheit. Erst seit den 1970er Jahren ist seine Theorie allgemein anerkannt. Seit dem Jahr 1911 fand er mehrfache Belege dafür, z.B. die Ähnlichkeit der Konturen von Südamerika und Afrika, dass die bisherige Auffassung von feststehenden Kontinenten nicht richtig sein konnte. Wegener geht in seiner Theorie von einem Urkontinent aus. Aus diesem Urkontinent names "Gondwana" haben sich demnach im Laufe der Erdgeschichte durch Auseinanderbrechen des Urkontinents und anschließenden Auseinanderdriftens der Bruchteile die verschiedenen Kontinente und Ozeane gebildet. Ungeklärt ist bei Wegener allerdings die Ursache der Kräfte, die für das Auseinanderdriften sorgen. Auch deshalb fand seine Theorie zu seinen Lebzeiten nur wenig Anerkennung und führte zum späten Durchbruch der Theorie.

Wörterbuch GeoTechnik Dictionary Geotechnical Engineering

Band II /

Author: Herbert Bucksch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642589642

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 591

View: 6793

Die beiden Bände des Wörterbuchs GeoTechnik enthalten zusammen etwa 140.000 Eintragungen. Zu jedem Stichwort werden gebräuchliche Synonyme aufgeführt. Zum besseren Verständnis finden sich unter einigen Stichwörtern zusätzliche Erläuterungen. Neben Begriffen aus der allgemeinen Geologie deckt das Wörterbuch insbesondere die eher anwendungsorientierten Themenbereiche der Geowissenschaften ab. Schwerpunktmäßig werden folgende Gebiete behandelt: - Bergbau, - Bodenkunde, - Erdbau, - Erkundungsgeologie, - Geophysik, - Geomorphologie, - Grundbau, - Hydrogeologie, - Hydrotechnik, - Ingenieurgeologie, - Kartographie, - Lagerstättenkunde, - Mineralogie, - Ozeanographie, - Vermessungswesen.

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521467285

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 3900

This textbook presents a comprehensive overview of the fundamental principles of geophysics. It combines applied and theoretical aspects of the subject, in contrast to most other geophysics textbooks which tend to emphasise either one or the other. The author explains complex geophysical concepts using abundant diagrams, a simplified mathematical treatment, and easy-to-follow equations. After placing the Earth in the context of the solar system, it describes each major branch of geophysics: gravitation, seismology, dating, thermal and electrical properties, geomagnetism, palaeomagnetism and geodynamics. Each chapter begins with a summary of the basic physical principles, and a brief account of each topic's historical evolution. Pitched at a level between introductory and advanced texts, the book will satisfy the needs of intermediate-level earth science students from a variety of backgrounds, while at the same time preparing geophysics majors for continued study to a higher level. The book is destined to become a core textbook for geology and geophysics courses.