Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study (AGAHLS)

A 23-year Follow-up from Teenager to Adult about the Relationship Between Lifestyle and Health

Author: Han C. G. Kemper

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805576528

Category: Medical

Page: 198

View: 1372

A unique observational long-term study In a long follow-up period of 23 years about 600 teenagers were observed till their young adult age in order to investigate the longitudinal relationship between health and lifestyles considering physical activity, diet, smoking and alcohol consumption. Longitudinal studies with a follow-up lasting for a quarter of a century are very rare and the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study (AGAHLS) is indeed unique among them. The focus is multidisciplinary and involves both physical and psychological determinants in relation to a wide range of health outcomes. The multiple measurements were carefully standardized in nine waves of data collection, thus producing a high-quality data set, which has been analyzed by the application of advanced statistical techniques. The monograph provides not only an overview of 23 years of follow-up, it also summarizes over 200 scientific publications and 10 PhD theses. This publication is especially recommended to investigators planning longitudinal research, to health workers, and to authorities who like to implement health promotional activities in their community.

The Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication, The Young Athlete

Author: Helge Hebestreit,Oded Bar-Or

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470695501

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 1462

This essential new volume in the Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine series, published under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee, provides a thorough overview of the unique physiologic characteristics, responsiveness to training, and possible health hazards involved in the training, coaching, and medical care of young athletes. Intense involvement in competitive sports often begins during childhood. During adolescence, many athletes reach their peak performance and some may participate in World Championships and Olympic Games at a relatively young age. The Young Athlete presents the available information relevant to exercise and training in youth, reviewed and summarized by authors who are recognized as leaders in their respective fields. The Young Athlete is subdivided into seven parts covering: the physiologic bases of physical performance in view of growth and development; trainability and the consequences of a high level of physical activity during childhood and adolescence for future health; the epidemiology of injuries, their prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation; non-orthopedic health concerns including the pre-participation examination; psychosocial issues relevant to young athletes; diseases relevant to child and adolescent athletes; the methodology relevant to the assessment of young athletes. This valuable reference summarizes a large database of information from thousands of studies and is especially relevant to sports physicians, pediatricians, general practitioners, physical therapists, dietitians, coaches, students, and researchers in the exercise sciences.

Childhood Obesity Prevention

International Research, Controversies, and Interventions

Author: Jennifer A. O'Dea,Michael P. Eriksen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199572917

Category: Medical

Page: 429

View: 855

Childhood obesity is an international public health concern, with a high profile in both the media and government policy. Controversial issues in the prevention of childhood obesity need to be considered early in the development of school, clinical or community prevention programs, as these issues are often the ones that promote the success or failure of attempts to ameliorate the problem at hand. This book combines health education theory, research, and practice to guide researchers, students, educators, community health workers and practitioners in the prevention of childhood obesity and the promotion of child and adolescent health and well-being. It examines controversy in childhood obesity, including the link with poverty and the difficulty of addressing obesity whilst also tackling the issue of eating disorders. The prevalence of childhood obesity is covered, with international chapters examining the importance of factors such as social class and ethnic differences, and global and local trends are identified. Approaches to prevention are presented, and the book concludes with the successful outcome of various interventions, demonstrating how the whole school community can collaborate to promote health among young people. Click here to view the foreword by Sir Michael Marmot

Physiologie du sport

Enfant et adolescent

Author: Emmanuel Van Praagh

Publisher: De Boeck Supérieur

ISBN: 9782804155728

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 2864

La physiologie de l'exercice musculaire se définit comme étant l'étude des réponses et adaptations des différents systèmes organiques induites par l'activité physique. De fait, elle s'intéresse aux réponses aiguës (immédiates) faisant suite à un exercice isolé et aux adaptations organiques chroniques (à long terme) provoquées par la répétition d'exercices. Il est classique de dire qu'enfants et adolescents ne sont pas des adultes en miniature. Leur développement biologique est non seulement spécifique, mais variable selon les individus. De même, leurs différentes réponses physiologiques suite à une pratique régulière de l'activité physique et sportive sont différentes selon leur croissance et leur stade de maturation reflétant le passage de l'enfance à l'adolescence, puis au stade adulte. Cet ouvrage suppose que les principes élémentaires de la physiologie de l'exercice musculaire soient connus. En effet, chaque chapitre est rédigé sous forme d'une revue générale des connaissances les plus récentes quant aux réponses physiologiques induites par l'activité physique et sportive au cours du développement biologique.

Early Vascular Aging (EVA)

New Directions in Cardiovascular Protection

Author: Peter M Nilsson,Michael Hecht Olsen,Stephane Laurent

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128016760

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 9978

Early Vascular Aging (EVA): New Directions in Cardiovascular Protection brings together the last decade of research related to the characterization of EVA, as well as the predictive power of pulse wave velocity (PWV). The book presents a novel approach to the problem of cardiovascular disease, showing it in relation to great vessels disease and revealing a comprehensive approach to the problem of increased rigidity of the great vessels, its causes, and further consequences. Information provided is accompanied by online access to a supplemental website with video clips of anatomic specimens, cardiac imaging, and surgical procedures. Introduces the latest information on early vascular aging (EVA), complete with summaries of recent evidence and guidelines for relevant risk factor control Ideal reference for the study of vascular aging, pulse wave velocity, arteriosclerosis, EVA, arterial stiffness, vascular, PWV biomarkers, and cardiovascular disease Contains all the relevant information available from different fields of knowledge (from basic biology to epidemiology) in regard to EVA Provides evidence that leads to a new target for interventions, early vascular aging (EVA) in subjects with early onset increased arterial stiffness Includes online access to a supplemental website with video clips of anatomic specimens, cardiac imaging, and surgical procedures

Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity

Author: Robert M. Malina,Claude Bouchard,Oded Bar-Or

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780880118828

Category: Education

Page: 712

View: 9353

This updated edition features three new chapters and current research findings. Topics include prenatal growth and functional development, motor development, thermoregulation, obesity in childhood and adolescence and more.

Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment, Second Edition

Author: Jana Parizkova,Andrew Hills

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420038966

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 9353

Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment, Second Edition summarizes the latest scientific knowledge on obesity in children. This edition focuses on the developmental aspects of obesity, especially on the influences and factors predisposing individuals to obesity from early periods of life. This new body of knowledge stems from both basic research and recent epidemiological and clinical studies. All chapters are updated and special attention is given to the prevention of obesity in the context of developmental physiology, lifestyle modification, and dietary and physical activity approaches. Highlighting the most recent research, this timely book covers a broad range of aspects related to the prevention and management of childhood obesity. It emphasizes early intervention and an integrated behavioral approach to overcome the ongoing challenge of this global epidemic. Features · Updates all chapters and includes new research on growing populations of obesity in the Third World · Provides information on promoting health as a means to reduce obesity · Focuses on the developmental aspects of obesity


Dietary and Developmental Influences

Author: Gail Woodward-Lopez,Lorrene Davis Ritchie,Dana E. Gerstein,Patricia B. Crawford

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420008927

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 9663

Focusing on prevention rather than treatment, Obesity: Dietary and Developmental Influences reviews and evaluates the determinants of obesity. The book uses evidence-based research as a basis to define foods and dietary behaviors that should be supported and encouraged as well as those that should be discouraged. This comprehensive review represents a critical step forward in the quest to identify actionable strategies to prevent obesity. The book describes the potential role of 26 different dietary factors and 8 developmental periods in the prevention of obesity among children and adults. The dietary factors examined include macronutrients, micronutrients, specific types of foods and beverages, snack and meal patterns, portion size, parenting practices, breastfeeding, and more. The factors from each developmental period in the life cycle are examined in the context of the likelihood of obesity development. For each dietary factor and developmental period, four lines of evidence are examined: secular trends, plausible mechanisms, observational studies, and prevention trials. Providing easy access to information, the book features 38 tables that summarize observational studies, 38 graphs depicting trends in dietary intake, and 9 tables that summarize prevention trials. It provides a synopsis of the latest research on obesity, investigating all major lines of evidence, and clarifies common misconceptions while identifying which behaviors to target and which dietary factors show the most promise for prevention.

Rethinking School Health

A Key Component of Education for All

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383973

Category: Medical

Page: 299

View: 4894

For the goals of Education for All (EFA) to be achieved, children must be healthy enough not only to attend school but also to learn while there. Because school health and nutrition programs specifically benefit poor, sick, and hungry children, they can make a key contribution to achieving EFA's goals. However, children can benefit only if the programs reach them. Rethinking School Health: A Key Component of Education for All describes how schools have been used as a platform for delivering familiar, safe, and simple health and nutrition interventions to hard-to-reach children in low-income countries. The book's foreword was written jointly by Elizabeth King of the World Bank, Susan Durston of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and Qian Tang of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), indicating the interagency support for this approach. The book will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of education, health and nutrition, and early childhood development. --Book Jacket.

Exercise and Human Reproduction

Induced Fertility Disorders and Possible Therapies

Author: Diana Vaamonde,Stefan S du Plessis,Ashok Agarwal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493934023

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 351

View: 9151

Providing a comprehensive review of the interactions between exercise and human reproduction, this unique text focuses on both the positive and negative consequences of sport and physical activity on male and female fertility and infertility and the biological mechanisms and processes behind them. Beginning with a review of the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems as well as fertilization and gestation, the discussion then turns to the physiology and endocrinology of sport and exercise, which is further elaborated in subsequent chapters on the impact of physical activity, hormonal changes, pathologies, and consequences of drug use for active men and women. Additional chapters address related topics, such as the impact of sport on young athletes and developing reproductive potential, physical activity and pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives in athletes, oxidative stress, and the impact of nutritional deficiencies on athletes’ fertility, with a final chapter providing recommendations and therapeutic guidelines for exercise-related reproductive disorders. Covering everything from the fundamental principles of sports physiology and human reproductive potential to the interaction between physical exercise and the endocrinology of the reproductive system, Exercise and Human Reproduction is an authoritative resource for helping clinicians understand how the reproductive system adapts to activity and exercise and offers strategies to avoid potential harm to human reproduction.

Physical Activity and Bone Health

Author: Karim Khan

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780880119689

Category: Medical

Page: 275

View: 1303

As an increasing amount of research on mechanical loading, exercise, and bone health becomes available, there is a growing need to synthesize and clarify the rapidly evolving information. No other resource fills this need better than the timely Physical Activity and Bone Health—the first book of its kind to examine effective exercise as it contributes to bone health. This text is written for all “students” of the human movement sciences with an interest in skeletal structure and function. It compiles a wealth of research literature—from the earliest to the most recent studies—making it a time-saving and essential resource. Physical Activity and Bone Healthwas written by six highly acclaimed authorities in the field, which adds tremendously to its value. Only in this book will you gain access to such broad and balanced perspectives and a diverse knowledge base. Emphasizing exercise and its effect on bone, the book's sections–which can be read in any order–contain current information on these topics: -Basic anatomy and physiology of the structure and function of bone -Factors other than exercise that influence bone -Exercising to maintain a healthy skeleton from childhood through old age -The role of exercise in preventing perimenopausal bone loss -Medical issues of bone deterioration -Questions that require further research In addition, one section of the book is devoted to practical exercise prescriptions for different stages of life—from childhood and adolescence to adulthood and the elderly years. The exercise prescriptions are safe and effective and can be used by professionals in physical activity, health, and bone fields as a way to optimize bone health. Physical Activity and Bone Healthis richly supported with illustrations, more than 850 references, and 20 chapters that stand alone or can be read together for a comprehensive picture. For those who wish to explore the frontiers of bone health, Physical Activity and Bone Healthis a handy and trusted guide.

Endothelial Dysfunction and Inflammation

Author: Shauna Dauphinee,Aly Karsan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034601689

Category: Medical

Page: 234

View: 2385

Endothelial dysfunction is broadly defined as a disruption of the balance between vasoactive mediators and a propensity towards an inflammatory state. This volume provides an overview of the fields of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation through the discussion of topics ranging from the molecular biology of activated endothelial cells to the endothelium in inflammatory disease and therapeutic approaches targeting endothelial dysfunction. Topics include: Heterogeneity of the endothelium during inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction, biology and regulation of nitric oxide in inflammatory pathologies, endothelial dysfunction in inflammatory diseases, such as diabetes and atherosclerosis and Clinical methods used to assess endothelial function. This book brings together basic and clinical research to assist the reader in bridging connections from bench-to-bedside. Written by expert researchers in the fields of endothelial biology, inflammation research and clinical science, it serves as a useful reference for academic and industrial researchers, clinicians, and trainees in the medical profession.

Sport and Physical Activity

The Role of Health Promotion

Author: Ms Jacqueline Merchant,Ms Barbara Griffin,Anne Charnock

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137061278

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 5962

This authoritative introduction to physical activity applies the main theories, models and approaches in health promotion to the field of sport and exercise. It draws together the disciplines of psychology, sociology, physiology and social policy to look at issues affecting the health of individuals, of communities and of society as a whole.

Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis

Author: Kenneth G. Saag,Sarah L. Morgan,Gregory A. Clines

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781943236138

Category: Bones

Page: 298

View: 9899

Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis, 2nd edition provides practitioners with practical and authoritative guidance on state of the art management of this condition. The pathophysiology of osteoporosis is reviewed. The diagnosis and screening for osteoporosis is discussed at length, including the proper use of bone densitometry and qualitative bone ultrasound, as well as risk assessment tools. Proper clinical evaluation is delineated and nondrug therapy is reviewed. Pharmacologic treatment options with antiresorptive agents and bone formation stimulants are discussed in detail, including results of key clinical trials. A separate chapter reviews evolving pathways and therapeutic targets.

Children of the 21st Century (Volume 2)

The First Five Years

Author: Hansen, Kirstine,Joshi, Heather,Shirley Dex

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847424759

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 5082

This book documents the first five years of life of the children of the influential Millennium Cohort Study, looking at the children's lives and development as they begin formal education and the implications for family policy, and service planning in health and social services.

Young People and Physical Activity

Author: Neil Armstrong

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192626608

Category: Medical

Page: 369

View: 9265

Sports medicine is one of the fastest growing specialties of medicine, and the participation of children in sport is receiving much research interest. Children stand to benefit from exercise and sport in a number of ways, but are also at risk of injury or tissue damage if heavy exercise is not carfully monitored. This text introduces the concepts of growth and maturation of tissues and organs, and describes general growth patterns, as well as providing an ideal introduction to the benefits and drawbacks of competitive and non-competitive exercise in children and adolescents, for students, researchers, coaches, and trainers.

Handbook of Stress, Coping, and Health

Implications for Nursing Research, Theory, and Practice

Author: Virginia Hill Rice

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412999294

Category: Medical

Page: 588

View: 2026

This unique and comprehensive handbook examines the various models of stress, coping, and health and their relevance for nursing and related health fields. Building on the first edition that has been highly-praised for its analysis and critique of existing models and its discussion of new research surrounding self-regulation and stress, this Second Edition continues to provide a critical analysis of the field while providing up to date cutting-edge research. Under the expert editorship of Dr. Virginia Hill Rice, experienced scholars and practitioners present a broad range of issues and research that relate to stress and health, such as response-oriented stress; stimulus-oriented stress; and transactional stress, coping, and health in children, adolescents, attitudes, and much, much more.

Children and Exercise XIX

Promoting health and well-being

Author: N. Armstrong

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136746056

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 570

View: 1289

The XIXth International Symposium of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology was held in Moretonhampstead, UK in September 1997 drawing together academic and medical experts from 26 countries under the theme of promoting health and well-being. This book contains the full text of the 11 keynote contributions, 4 papers from a mini-symposium on cardiac risk factors in children and 59 of the free communications. These have been arranged under 6 headings: Lifestyle, Health and Well-Being; Physical Activity Patterns; Aerobic Performance; Anaerobic Performance and Muscular strength; Cardiovascular Function in Health and disease; and Sport and Physical Education. Offering comprehensive reviews of key topics and reports of current research in paediatric health and exercise science, this volume will prove a valuable text for health professionals, researchers and students with an interest in aspects of paediatric exercise, sports medicine and physical education.