Humanitarian aid workers increasingly remain present in contexts of violence and are injured, kidnapped, and killed as a result. Since 9/11 and in response to these dangers, aid organizations have fortified themselves to shield their staff and programs from outside threats. In Aid in Danger, Larissa Fast critically examines the causes of violence against aid workers and the consequences of the approaches aid agencies use to protect themselves from attack. Based on more than a decade of research, Aid in Danger explores the assumptions underpinning existing explanations of and responses to violence against aid workers. According to Fast, most explanations of attacks locate the causes externally and maintain an image of aid workers as an exceptional category of civilians. The resulting approaches to security rely on separation and fortification and alienate aid workers from those in need, representing both a symptom and a cause of crisis in the humanitarian system. Missing from most analyses are the internal vulnerabilities, exemplified in the everyday decisions and ordinary human frailties and organizational mistakes that sometimes contribute to the conditions leading to violence. This oversight contributes to the normalization of danger in aid work and undermines the humanitarian ethos. As an alternative, Fast proposes a relational framework that captures both external threats and internal vulnerabilities. By uncovering overlooked causes of violence, Aid in Danger offers a unique perspective on the challenges of providing aid in perilous settings and on the prospects of reforming the system in service of core humanitarian values.
The Perils and Promise of Humanitarianism
Author: Larissa Fast
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Business & Economics
The meaning and application of the principle of beneficence to issues in health care is rarely clear or certain. Although the principle is frequently employed to justify a variety of actions and inactions, very little has been done from a conceptual point of view to test its relevance to these behaviors or to explore its relationship to other moral principles that also might be called upon to guide or justify conduct. Perhaps more than any other, the principle of benef icence seems particularly appropriate to contexts of health care in which two or more parties interact from positions of relative strength and weakness, advantage and need, to pursue some perceived goal. It is among those moral principles that Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress selected in their textbook on bioethics as applicable to biomedicine in general and relevant to a range of specific issues (, pp. 135-167). More narrowly, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behav ioral Research identified beneficence as among those moral principles that have particular relevance to the conduct of research involving humans (2). Thus, the principle of beneficence is seen as pertinent to the routine delivery of health care, the discovery of new therapies, and the rationale of public policies related to health care.
Author: E.E. Shelp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.
Politics, Power, Ethics
Author: Michael Barnett,Thomas G. Weiss
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Category: Political Science
Main description: Much of the story about the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany has yet to be told. In Motherland in Danger, Karel Berkhoff addresses one of the most neglected questions facing historians of the Second World War: how did the Soviet leadership sell the campaign against the Germans to the people on the home front? For Stalin, the obstacles were manifold. Repelling the German invasion would require a mobilization so large that it would test the limits of the Soviet state. Could the USSR marshal the manpower necessary to face the threat? How could the authorities overcome inadequate infrastructure and supplies? Might Stalin's regime fail to survive a sustained conflict with the Germans? Motherland in Danger takes us inside the Stalinist state to witness, from up close, its propaganda machine. Using sources in many languages, including memoirs and documents of the Soviet censor, Berkhoff explores how the Soviet media reflected-and distorted-every aspect of the war, from the successes and blunders on the front lines to the institution of forced labor on farm fields and factory floors. He also details the media's handling of Nazi atrocities and the Holocaust, as well as its stinting treatment of the Allies, particularly the United States, the UK, and Poland. Berkhoff demonstrates not only that propaganda was critical to the Soviet war effort but also that it has colored perceptions of the war to the present day, both inside and outside of Russia.
Author: Karel C. Berkhoff
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Author: Abraham John Valpy
Category: Great Britain
Author: Bettina Zimmermann
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
[Legal Manual]. Conductor Generalis, or The Office, Duty and Authority of Justices of the Peace, High Sheriffs, Under-Sheriffs, Goalers, Coroners, Constables, Jury Men, Over-seers of the Poor, and also The Office of Clerks of Assiza And of the Peace &c. Collected out of all the Books hitherto written on those Subjects, whether of Common or Statute Law. To which is added, A Collection out of Sir Matthew Hales concerning The Descent of Lands. The Whole Alphabetically Digested Under the Several Titles, With a Table Directing to the Ready finding out Proper Matter under those Titles. Philadelphia: Printed and Sold by Andrew Bradford, 1722. , xii, 232 pp. [with] The Office, Duty and Authority of Sheriffs, How and in what Manner to execute the same, according to the Common and Statute Laws of Great-Britain, which are now in Force and Use. Likewise, Of Under-Sheriffs and their Deputies; and where the High-Sheriff shall be answerable for their Defaults, and where not, &. Philadelphia: Andrew Bradford, 1722. -299,  pp. Reprinted 2002 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 00-058810. ISBN 1-58477-123-2. Cloth. $80. * The office of justice of the peace was an English institution transplanted to the American colonies. Soon after the arrival of the institution, it became apparent that some sort of vade mecum or manual outlining the essentials of the job would be useful to those numerous officials who needed the help these quick reference manuals could provide. First published in 1711, the Conductor Generalis was the first of these, and it was issued by various printers in numerous large print run editions. Printed in Philadelphia by the colonial printer Andrew Bradford and issued with the Sheriff's manual (1721) paginated consecutively.
And Also the Office of Clerks of Assize and of the Peace, &c
Author: Matthew Hale
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
As Shewn in Series of Letters
Author: E. Calamy (of Liverpool.)
Category: Dissenters, Religious
This is a comprehensive, introductory criminal law textbook that expands upon traditional concepts and cases by coverage of the most contemporary topics and issues. Contemporary material, including terrorism, computer crimes, and hate crimes, serves to illuminate the ever-evolving relationship between criminal law, society and the criminal justice system's role in balancing competing interests. The case method is used throughout the book as an effective and creative learning tool. Features include: " vignettes, core concepts, 'Cases and Concepts', 'You Decides, excerpts from state statutes, 'legal equations' and Crime in the News boxes " fully developed end-of-chapter pedagogy includes review questions, legal terminology and 'Criminal Law on the Web' resources " instructor resources (including PowerPoint slides, a computerized testbank and classroom activities) and a Student Study Site accompany this text
Concepts, Cases, and Controversies
Author: Matthew Lippman
"There was an explosion of doctrinal material after World War II, including an Official Field Manual, FM 100-5, which appeared in 1993. The author of the present work examines four successful OOTWs and four failed ones and concludes that there is a positive correlation between adherence to the principles and the operation's outcome. "--Provided by publisher.
Case Studies in Success and Failure, 1945-1999
Author: Kevin Dougherty
Author: Bath Humane Society (BATH)
Divided into geographic regions and representing every African nation, this comprehensive collection of case studies explores how successful business enterprises of varying size, along with community projects, help to create jobs in Africa. A valuable guide to conducting business anywhere on the continent, this account also offers information on finding business opportunities and handling oft-encountered problems.
Author: David Fick
Publisher: Real African Publishers
Category: Business & Economics
To which are Added the Law and Practice of Extents, and the Rules of Court, and Modern Decisions in the Exchequer of Pleas
Author: William Tidd
Category: Civil procedure
For Atlanta, the early decades of the twentieth century brought chaotic economic and demographic growth. Women--black and white--emerged as a visible new component of the city's population. As maids and cooks, secretaries and factory workers, these women served the "better classes" in their homes and businesses. They were enthusiastic patrons of the city's new commercial amusements and the mothers of Atlanta's burgeoning working classes. In response to women's growing public presence, as Georgina Hickey reveals, Atlanta's boosters, politicians, and reformers created a set of images that attempted to define the lives and contributions of working women. Through these images, city residents expressed ambivalence toward Atlanta's growth, which, although welcome, also threatened the established racial and gender hierarchies of the city. Using period newspapers, municipal documents, government investigations, organizational records, oral histories, and photographic evidence, Hope and Danger in the New South City relates the experience of working-class women across lines of race--as sources of labor, community members, activists, pleasure seekers, and consumers of social services--to the process of urban development.
Working-Class Women and Urban Development in Atlanta, 1890-1940
Author: Georgina Hickey
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Japan's Foreign Aid Policy in Africa seeks to evaluate TICAD's intellectual contribution to and its development practices regarding Africa over the past 20 years. A central conclusion is that, while TICAD bureaucrats lacked agency to support Japanese companies in Africa, the model of emerging powers partnerships has expanded in Africa.
Evaluating the TICAD Process
Author: Pedro Amakasu Raposo
Category: Political Science
Hidden away in the witness protection program, Sara is falling in love with former pro football player Adam Black, which is something that could get her killed. FBI agent Dave Richman has his hands full keeping her safe from her sister's killer. When events bring Sara face-to-face with terror, will she rely on God for protection?
Author: Dee Henderson
Publisher: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
Time is of the essence. You are first on the scene and must comfort and help those fallen victim to an accident or disaster. You are the first aid provider, the first line of help to those in need and in pain. Though not trained care professionals, Samaritans knowing the proper steps and approach, and offering first aid is a vital link to being a successful caregiver or simply being in the way. Know the steps, know the procedures, save a life.
Author: Speedy Publishing
Publisher: Speedy Publishing LLC
This volume reports on the findings of an international research project on aid effectiveness in Africa. Field studies were conducted in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia and the findings show that Africa??'s economic crisis has had a devastating effect on aid effectiveness and that too often donors dominate aid decisions, leaving governments without any sense of ownership over their own development efforts. The conclusion is that aid to Africa will have to develop more effective public institutions that fully take charge of the development process.
Learning from Country Experiences
Author: Jerker Carlsson,Gloria Somolekae,Nicolas Van de Walle
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
Category: Political Science