Agri-Food and Rural Development

Sustainable Place-Making

Author: Terry Marsden

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0857857452

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6748

The agri-food and rural development world has experienced significant changes in recent years. The evolution towards globalized and highly complex food supply systems has been accompanied by growing competition, reduced state subsidies as well as concerns about quality, output and the environment. At the beginning of the 21st century, the agri-food industry is urgently searching for new solutions. Exploring these recent developments, Agri-Food and Rural Development highlights the latest research on understanding and promoting sustainable food systems. Featuring a range of international case studies, it investigates different models of rural development for food production, examines the implications for a sustainable future, analyzes future challenges, and suggests new strategies for future agri-food development in a world fast exceeding its resources. An ambitious new study written by a leading authority in the field, this book offers a vital new perspective on this important debate and is destined to become a landmark text for students, scholars and policy-makers in food studies, agriculture, rural sociology, and geography.

Food and Animal Welfare

Author: Henry Buller,Emma Roe

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0857856944

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 3782

Drawing together the latest research and a range of case studies, Henry Buller and Emma Roe guide readers on a fascinating journey through animal welfare issues 'from farm to fork'. Animal welfare offers a vital lens through which to explore the economies, culture and politics of food. This is the first text to provide a much-needed overview of this strongly debated area of the food industry. Buller and Roe explore how animal welfare is defined, advocated, assessed and implemented by farmers, veterinarians, distributors, and consumers. From the practicalities and limitations of establishing a basic standard of care for livestock, to the ethics of selling welfare as a product in the supermarket, this indispensable book offers empirical insights into a key aspect of the global food system: the lives, deaths, and consumption of animals which are at the core of the food chain. It is a must-read for students and scholars of animal welfare, agro-food studies and human-animal relations in disciplines such as geography, politics, anthropology, and sociology as well as animal behaviour, psychology and veterinary science.

International Agricultural Development

Author: Carl K. Eicher,John M. Staatz

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801858796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 615

View: 1223

Other topics include market failures, food insecurity, rural poverty, environmental degradation, income and asset inequality, fiscally sustainable organizations, the changing roles of the public and private sector in research, input delivery systems, marketing and low rates of agricultural growth in much of sub-Saharan Africa.

Performance of the Chinese Insurance Industry Under Economic Reforms

Author: Shujie Yao,Zhongwei Han

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849807256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 5144

The Chinese insurance industry has experienced rapid development during the past decade. This original book is the first study in English literature to address the efficiency issue of the Chinese insurance sector, and presents a comprehensive review on alternative methodologies for analyzing firm efficiency. The authors suggest alternative ways to improve performance of insurance companies in China and make useful policy recommendations on regulation, competition and development of the insurance industry. They expand the applications of data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysi.

Agricultural Development Policy

Concepts and Experiences

Author: Roger D. Norton

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 9780470857786

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 4562

Agriculture and economic development: basic considerations. Strategies and the agricultural policy framework. Broad issues of agricultural policy. Policies that influence producer incentives. Land tenure policies. Water management policies in agriculture. Policies for agricultural and rural finance. Policies for agricultural technology. Agricultural development strategies: process and structure.

Sexing the Soldier

The Politics of Gender and the Contemporary British Army

Author: Rachel Woodward,Trish Winter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134163630

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 6831

Sexing the Soldier takes a critical look at how gender - what it means to be a man or a woman - is understood within the contemporary British Army, and the political and practical consequences of this. Drawing on original research, this informaive volume looks at: the history and structure of the British Army as a masculine institution personnel policies which deal with gender issues the construction of ideas about military masculinities and femininities within the Army media representations of the figure of the soldier. Using case studies ranging from the exclusion of women from direct combat posts, to the issues surrounding bullying, this book argues that we need a fuller, more nuanced assessment of gender issues in the military that moves beyond the simplistic ideas about women's and men's 'natural' capacities for soldiering.

Agri-Food Commodity Chains and Globalising Networks

Author: Dr Christina Stringer,Professor Richard Le Heron

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409487881

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 7787

Within the international agri-food community at least four theoretical targets are attracting increasing attention. They are: (1) the established notions of networks and commodity chains that are being revisited by way of critical engagement informed by the insights of in-depth empirical work, (2) the metrics of calculation and institutional embedding that underpin the rise and functionality of governance technologies, (3) the place of regional networking in creating conditions that make possible agri-food producer participation in local provisioning and supply, and (4) the geo-historical dimensions of interconnection and interdependency in the agri-food sphere. This volume brings together an interdisciplinary team of anthropologists, economists, business and management academics and geographers to examine a wide range of case studies illustrating various agri-food commodity chains and networks around the world and to discuss how they link globally.

Globalization and Food Sovereignty

Global and Local Change in the New Politics of Food

Author: Peter Andree,Jeffrey Ayres,Michael Bosia,Marie-Josee Massicotte

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442696877

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 5995

In recent years, food sovereignty has emerged as a way of contesting corporate control of agricultural markets in pursuit of a more democratic, decentralized food system. The concept unites individuals, communities, civil society organizations, and even states in opposition to globalizing food regimes. This collection examines expressions of food sovereignty ranging from the direct action tactics of La Vía Campesina in Brazil to the consumer activism of the Slow Food movement and the negotiating stances of states from the global South at WTO negotiations. With each case, the contributors explore how claiming food sovereignty allows individuals to challenge the power of global agribusiness and reject neoliberal market economics. With perspectives drawn from Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa, and Australia, Globalization and Food Sovereignty is the first comparative collection to focus on food sovereignty activism worldwide.

Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

The Contemporary Core Literature

Author: Wallace C. Olsen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801426773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 1984

The first of an eight-volume series, The Literature of the Agricultural Sciences, this book analyzes the trends in the published literature of agricultural economics and rural sociology during the past fifty years. It uses citation analysis and other bibliometric techniques to identify the primary journals, report series, and monographs of current importance to the developed industrial countries as well as those in the Third World.

Contemporary Rural Geographies

Land, Property and Resources in Britain: Essays in Honour of Richard Munton

Author: Hugh Clout

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134083130

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 6849

This book provides a cohesive set of research statements on critical related issues in British rural geography, as well as echoing the priorities identified by an influential figure in British rural geography, Richard Munton. This book demonstrates that the rural world needs to be seen in a far wider perspective than that of agriculture/ food production, in order to comprehend how resources are being appraised and exploited in new ways, and to respond to the pressing challenges of sustainability for the decades ahead. Chapters adopt a time perspective to explore a series of key themes: the rise of productivist farming ways of conceptualising agricultural change the evolution of landownership and property rights rural and urban agendas for nature conservation the gap between policy and action for sustainable development. The final set of chapters is devoted to policy-related issues associated with agricultural change and the profound challenge of rural diversification for the future. The last chapter traces the prominent career of Richard Munton.

Gender and Rural Development: Advanced studies

Author: Olanike F. Deji

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643901046

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 878

The gender irresponsive nature of most textbooks for postgraduate studies in agriculture contributes immensely to the prevalence of gender inequality in the agricultural profession, production, policies, and budgeting, which promotes rural poverty and food insecurity in most developing countries of Africa, including Nigeria. This book is an appropriate resource for gender responsive and advanced agricultural teaching, research, and rural community development services. (Series: Spektrum. Berliner Reihe zu Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik in Entwicklungsländern/Berlin Series on Society, Economy and Politics in Developing Countries - Vol. 107)

Farm to Fingers

The Culture and Politics of Food in Contemporary India

Author: Kiranmayi Bhushi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108416292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 9848

"Enquires into the ways in which food and its production and consumption are enmeshed in aspects of human existence and society, taking India and its interaction with food as its focal point"--

Gender and Rural Development

Introduction

Author: Olanike F. Deji

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643901038

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 8267

Gender equality is gaining global recognition as a catalyst for sustainable development, and a proven stratagem for alleviating poverty and enhancing food security in developing countries of Africa, where agriculture is the main economic stay. The book Gender and Rural Development: Volume 1 introduces gender discussions into key topics in the curriculum for Nigerian university agricultural undergraduate studies, with the purpose of enhancing gender responsive agricultural and rural development programs, projects, policies and budgets required for sustainable development. (Series: Spektrum. Berliner Reihe zu Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik in Entwicklungsländern/Berlin Series on Society, Economy and Politics in Developing Countries - Vol. 106)

Migration, Urbanization, and Development

New Directions and Issues

Author: Richard E. Bilsborrow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792380320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 531

View: 8562

Internal migration and urbanization are key dimensions of the process of socioeconomic development. The unprecedented movement of peoples within the borders of their own countries is one of the greatest transformations witnessed in the 20th century. Policy analysts, especially those from developing countries where internal migration can be felt at first hand, view migration as one of the most important factors affecting the course of development. It is within this context that UNFPA convened the Symposium on Internal Migration and Urbanization in Developing Countries in January 1996 in preparation for the United Nations World Conference on Human Settlements in Istanbul in June 1996. The final results of the symposium are found in this book. This volume provides a better understanding, at global level, of internal migration issues of concern to policy analysts.

Local Environmental Change and Society in Africa

Author: M.A. Salih

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940101003X

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 6023

The Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) is a network of social scientists in the sub-region established in 1980. Its main objectives are to encourage and promote interest; to engage in collaborative research; to facilitate scholarly exchange of ideas and publication between individuals and institutions engaged in the study and research in the social sciences. OSSREA also aims to promote the training of social scientists from the sub-region in the study of and research in the social sciences and to encourage establishment of institutions dedicated to this goal. In pursuance of and consistent with its objectives, OSSREA established a fund to provide research grants and training fellowships to social scientists from the sub-region. Every year OSSREA offers, on a competitive basis, two limited types of research grants: the first on topics related to the social sciences in general and the second on gender issues in particular. The grants assist the social scientists to conduct field research in an eastern or southern African country, society, institutions, sector, or problem area. The objectives of the social science competition are intended to encourage and promote upcoming scholars from the sub-region to conduct research in the social, economic, political or other problems. Moreover, it aims to strengthen and raise the capacity of faculty members and students in field research, and promote the subsequent availability of research fmdings for teaching as well as to inform individuals and institutions.

Confronting the Blue Revolution

Industrial Aquaculture and Sustainability in the Global South

Author: Saidul Islam

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442665564

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4055

Like the Green Revolution of the 1960s, a “Blue Revolution” has taken place in global aquaculture. Geared towards quenching the appetite of privileged consumers in the global North, it has come at a high price for the South: ecological devastation, displacement of rural subsistence farmers, and labour exploitation. The uncomfortable truth is that food security for affluent consumers depends on a foundation of social and ecological devastation in the producing countries. In Confronting the Blue Revolution, Md Saidul Islam uses the shrimp farming industry in Bangladesh and across the global South to show the social and environmental impact of industrialized aquaculture. The book pushes us to reconsider our attitudes to consumption patterns in the developed world, neoliberal environmental governance, and the question of sustainability.

Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability

Orientations for Contemporary Research

Author: Marina Fischer-Kowalski,Anette Reenberg,Anke Schaffartzik,Andreas Mayer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 940178678X

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 2330

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability.

Re-imagining Milk

Cultural and Biological Perspectives

Author: Andrea S. Wiley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136867309

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 9541

Written explicitly for undergraduates, Re-imagining Milk demonstrates how a particular commodity can be used to illustrate ethnocentric beliefs about the universal goodness of milk; biological variation in human populations; political and economic processes that inform dietary policies, nutrition education, and current trends in globalization; the utility of a biocultural approach to the study of food; the cultural construction of a commodity that is consumed by many students on a daily basis, or if not, certainly is one that students "know" they "should" consume daily.