African Fractals

Modern Computing and Indigenous Design

Author: Ron Eglash

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813526140

Category: Mathematics

Page: 258

View: 2756

Fractals are characterized by the repetition of similar patterns at ever-diminishing scales. Fractal geometry has emerged as one of the most exciting frontiers on the border between mathematics and information technology and can be seen in many of the swirling patterns produced by computer graphics. It has become a new tool for modeling in biology, geology, and other natural sciences. Anthropologists have observed that the patterns produced in different cultures can be characterized by specific design themes. In Europe and America, we often see cities laid out in a grid pattern of straight streets and right-angle corners. In contrast, traditional African settlements tend to use fractal structures-circles of circles of circular dwellings, rectangular walls enclosing ever-smaller rectangles, and streets in which broad avenues branch down to tiny footpaths with striking geometric repetition. These indigenous fractals are not limited to architecture; their recursive patterns echo throughout many disparate African designs and knowledge systems. Drawing on interviews with African designers, artists, and scientists, Ron Eglash investigates fractals in African architecture, traditional hairstyling, textiles, sculpture, painting, carving, metalwork, religion, games, practical craft, quantitative techniques, and symbolic systems. He also examines the political and social implications of the existence of African fractal geometry. His book makes a unique contribution to the study of mathematics, African culture, anthropology, and computer simulations.

Global Africa

Into the Twenty-First Century

Author: Dorothy Hodgson,Judith Byfield

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520287363

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 8943

"Global Africa will complicate conventional views of Africa as a place of violence, despair and victimhood--a place and space that other people, states, and organizations act on and steal from. Instead, they aim to document some of the significant global connections, circulations, and contributions that African people, ideas, and goods have made in the world--not just in the United States, but in South Asia, Latin America, Europe, and elsewhere. They will showcase new framings of Africa, but will not romanticize the conditions and circumstances in which too many people on the continent currently live. The essays in this volume will amplify those voices that offer complex and insightful explanations, strategies for solutions, and inspiration for the future."--Provided by publisher.

Ritualisierung – Mediatisierung – Performance

Author: Martin Luger,Philipp Budka,Franz Graf

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847005146

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 4829

Ritualisierung, Mediatisierung und Performance dienen als konzeptionelle Hilfsmittel, um Veränderungen und Kontinuitäten im Alltagsleben sozialer Akteurinnen und Akteure sowie in spezifischen Kontexten zu situieren. Dieser Band zeigt anhand konkreter ethnographischer Beispiele, dass rituelle, mediale und performative Prozesse und Praktiken idealerweise gemeinsam, in ihrer Relationalität zueinander betrachtet werden. Neben einem Schwerpunkt auf Transformation enthält der Band Beiträge zu ausgewählten Aspekten der Theorie, Methode und Geschichte der Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie und zu einer Ethnographie und Kulturgeschichte der Karibik, die sozialen Status, religiöse Praxis und Erinnerung behandeln sowie Texte, die Verbindungen zwischen politischen, medialen und kulturellen Sphären diskutieren. Ritualization, mediatization and performance serve as conceptional tools for locating transformations and continuities in the everyday life of social protagonists and specific contexts. With the help of ethnographical examples this volume shows that ritual, medial and performative processes and practices ideally can be analysed in their relationship to one another. This volume not only focuses on transformation but also presents selected aspects of theory, methods and history of cultural and social anthropology. Furthermore, it includes contributions on the ethnography and cultural history of the Caribbean which discusses the social status, religious practices and remembrance as well as texts which discusses the relationships between the political, medial and cultural spheres.

Vergemeinschaftung in Zeiten der Zombie-Apokalypse

Gesellschaftskonstruktionen am fantastischen Anderen

Author: Michael Dellwing,Martin Harbusch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658017228

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 9898

TV-Serien haben in den letzten Jahren explosionsartig an kultureller Bedeutung gewonnen. Sie haben den Film als führendes Unterhaltungsmedium und damit auch als Mittel zur sozialen Distinktion längst abgelöst. Literatur-, Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaften haben diesen Bedeutungsgewinn erkannt und parallel dazu Fernsehforschung zu einem neuen Schwerpunkt entwickelt, besonders im englischsprachigen Raum. Dieser Band möchte einen Beitrag dazu leisten, die bestehenden Beschäftigungen der Fernsehforschung an die Sozialwissenschaft anzubinden und die Diskussion im deutschsprachigen Raum befördern. Dabei wählt er einen Zugang über eine thetische Eingrenzung, um die sozialwissenschaftliche Komponente der Untersuchungen zu betonen: Er nimmt sich den in den letzten Jahren immer populärer werdenden Figuren von Zombies, Vampiren, Aliens, Geistern, Monstern und anderen fantastischen Anderen an. Im besonderen Verhältnis zu sonstigen sozialen Bedeutungen und Identitäten, die in soziologischer Perspektive immer als konstruiert erscheinen, bietet die Beschäftigung mit fantastischen Anderen hier eine Chance: Denn im Spiegel des Fantastischen und Irrealen kann das Eigene in seiner Konstruiertheit offensichtlich gemacht werden.

Africa Beyond the Post-Colonial

Political and Socio-Cultural Identities

Author: Alfred B. Zack-Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351960431

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 1705

The poor economic performance of some African countries since independence has been a major concern to both African leaders and policy makers. This volume, which draws together contributions from academics based in Africa and its diaspora, situates the continent within its historic and socio-political background: from the 1960s, the decade of independence, through to its development outlook as the new millennium unfolds. It examines a broad range of contemporary issues -- from development and culture to linguistics and is unique in identifying and examining issues that are common both to Africa and the diaspora.

Fractal Architecture

Organic Design Philosophy in Theory and Practice

Author: James Harris

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826352022

Category: Architecture

Page: 420

View: 7834

Throughout history, nature has served as an inspiration for architecture and designers have tried to incorporate the harmonies and patterns of nature into architectural form. Alberti, Charles Renee Macintosh, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Courbusier are just a few of the well- known figures who have taken this approach and written on this theme. With the development of fractal geometry--the study of intricate and interesting self- similar mathematical patterns--in the last part of the twentieth century, the quest to replicate nature’s creative code took a stunning new turn. Using computers, it is now possible to model and create the organic, self-similar forms of nature in a way never previously realized. In Fractal Architecture, architect James Harris presents a definitive, lavishly illustrated guide that explains both the “how” and “why” of incorporating fractal geometry into architectural design.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 5273

It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.

Information technology and indigenous people

Author: Laurel Evelyn Dyson,Max A. N. Hendriks,Stephen Grant

Publisher: Information Science Publishing

ISBN: 9781599042985

Category: Computers

Page: 346

View: 2224

"This book provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues & questions of cultural appr

Artbyte

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arts and electronics

Page: N.A

View: 3324

The magazine of digital arts.

Africa Development

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 8191

A quarterly journal of the Council for the Development of Economic and Social Research in Africa. Revue trimestrielle du conseil pour le developpement de la recherche economique et sociale en Afrique.

Seeds of new hope

pan-African peace studies for the 21st century

Author: Matt Meyer,Elavie Ndura-Ouédraogo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 9752


West Africa

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa, West

Page: N.A

View: 9380


Heaven's Fractal Net

Retrieving Lost Visions in the Humanities

Author: William Joseph Jackson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780253342799

Category: Religion

Page: 311

View: 9054

Accompanying DVD contains ... "Two hours of Supercomputed frame-by-frame fractal animation. Includes Mandelbrot Zooms, Julia Promenades, Cascade maps and the Lorenz Attractor. Forty six scenes with original music." -- [container of 1990 VHS release].