Advances in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Vol. 3)

Author: Sumita Mehta, Shalini Rajaram, Neerja Goel


ISBN: 9350900653


Page: 296

View: 2826

The book was conceived with a purpose of updating practicing gynecologists in the ever-changing field of medicine. We hope this book refreshes the readers on a wide variety of topics. The book for the first time brings to the readers the concept of obstetric High Dependency Unit and Intensive Care Unit. Although this has been the practice in the west, this concept needs to be introduced in many countries to optimally manage high-risk obstetric patients. The definition and management of placenta previa have changed over the years with more focus on conservative management and a greater emphasis.

Advances in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Vol. 3)

Author: Sumita Mehta,Shalini Rajaram,Neerja Goel

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9350252317

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 2629

The book was conceived with a purpose of updating practicing gynecologists in the ever-changing field of medicine. We hope this book refreshes the readers on a wide variety of topics. The book for the first time brings to the readers the concept of obstetric High Dependency Unit and Intensive Care Unit. Although this has been the practice in the west, this concept needs to be introduced in many countries to optimally manage high-risk obstetric patients. The definition and management of placenta previa have changed over the years with more focus on conservative management and a greater emphasis on vaginal delivery. In the litigious environment that we live in today, safe anesthesia practice in obstetric patients is of paramount importance to avoid deaths in both the neonates and the mothers. Readers will also find this book a useful source material in updating their knowledge on intrauterine infections. Laparoscopic-gynecologic surgery has replaced conventional surgery for most conditions and the chapter on troubleshooting in operative laparoscopy will prove to be helpful in day-to-day practice. Primary prevention of cervical cancer is possible today and HPV carcinogenesis will make understanding of both screening and vaccination better. The problems of both adolescent and postmenopausal bleeding have been given due attention in the well-written chapters with emphasis on recent updates. Our books are never complete without a chapter on menopause. With the controversy surrounding long-term hormone therapy use, we have explored alternative therapies in menopause. Lastly, a chapter on pain relief in gynecological malignancy will help in better management of palliative care in such patients which is largely neglected.

Meinungsführer in der interdisziplinären Forschung

Bestandsaufnahme und kritische Würdigung

Author: Matthias Dressler,Gina Telle

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783834914767

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 198

View: 4127

Matthias Dressler und Gina Telle erläutern bestehende Theorien und Modelle über Meinungsführerschaft, die Entwicklung der Forschung zu dieser Thematik und ihre Wirkung auf vorhandene Kommunikationsmodelle. Sie analysieren Funktionen, Motive und Wirkungen der Meinungsführerschaft und stellen Methoden zur Identifizierung von Meinungsführern und Meinungsführer im Diffusionsprozess vor.

Prostaglandins and their Inhibitors in Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Author: M. Bygdeman,G. Berger,L.G. Keith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401167346

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 8629

It is clear today that several prostaglandins play an important role in the regulation of many of the physiological events of the reproductive organs in the human. Both naturally occurring prostaglandins and their analogues are used routinely in many countries to ripen the cervix and induce labour at term as well as to dilate the cervix and to terminate pregnancy. Prostaglandin biosynthesis inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. The editors have aimed at an accurate, thorough, yet easily under standable review of the status in 1986 of medical knowledge regarding both the physiological importance and the clinical use of prostaglan dins and their inhibitors in obstetrics and gynaecology. I believe this book will be of value for all clinicians concerned with reproductive health. The list of authors guarantees an authoritative and up-to-date review of this active field. SUNE BERGSTROM Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Table Examples of clinical use of natural prostaglandins and some prostaglandin analogues Indications Prostaglandin Route of administration Manufacturer Dilatation of the cervix prior 15-methyl-PGF • Intramuscular Upjohn, USA 2 to vacuum aspiration 16-phenoxy-PGE methyl sulphonylamide Intramuscular Schering AG, West Germany 2 16,16-dimethyl-PGE methyl ester 1 Vaginal ONO, Japan; May & Baker, UK Second trimester abortion Intra -amniotic Upjohn, USA; ONO, Japan PGF 20 Upjohn, USA PGE Vaginal 2 Upjohn, USA 15-methyl-PGF 2.

Ultrastructure of Human Gametogenesis and Early Embryogenesis

Author: Jonathan van Blerkom,P. Motta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461317495

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 377

In the last few years, the adoption and worldwide proliferation of clinical procedures for medically assisted conception have been associated with the examination and analysis of spermatozoa, oocytes and early embryos under a variety of in vivo and in vitro conditions. These analyses have enabled correlations to be made between the behavior of gametes, the pattern of early embryonic development and the initiation of a normal pregnancy. Collectively, the findings have not only enormously increased our understanding of the process of early human development, but also have provided new insights into the origin and causes of reproductive failure in man. The research presented in this volume describes recent results derived from the study of normal and abnormal patterns of human spermatogenesis, oogenesis and early embryogenesis. The chapters discuss aberrations in morphodynamic and morphophysiological processes that have clinical relevance in human infertility and conception. Two of the chapters describe, respectively, the basic research that allows the cryopreservation of human oocytes and embryos, and the development of in vitro systems that permit the study of cell differentiation and interaction during the peri-implantation period. When relevant, each chapter extrapolates findings from in vitro experimentation to the comparable situation that is observed in vivo.

Advances in Lipid Research

Author: Rodolfo Paoletti,David Kritchevsky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483215407

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 8847

Advances in Lipid Research, Volume 18 is a seven-chapter text that brings together significant research studies on atherosclerosis. The opening chapter describes the pathological techniques in atherosclerosis research. The succeeding chapters deal with the influence of lipid-lowering drugs on bile acid metabolism and the cholesterol metabolism in ovarian tissue. Other chapters examine the principal role of sulfolipids and the influence of dietary linoleic acids on blood pressure regulation in rats. The closing chapters review the influence of nonnutritive fiber on lipid metabolism and the influence of fiber on lipid-associated diseases. These chapters also consider the techniques for polar lipid analysis. This book will be of great value to lipid chemists, biochemists, and researchers.

Comprehensive Neonatal Care

An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Carole Kenner,Judy Wright Lott

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1416029427

Category: Medical

Page: 740

View: 9538

A comprehensive examination of neonatal nursing management from a physiologic and pathophysiologic approach. The book features a complete physiologic and embryonic foundation for each neonatal system as well as coverage of associated risk factors, genetics, critical periods of development, nutrition and parenting.

Substance Abuse During Pregnancy, An Issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics,

Author: Hilary Smith Connery

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 032329944X

Category: Medical

Page: 185

View: 6780

This issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America deals with the timely subject of substance use during pregnancy. Alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use is prevalent among reproductive-age women. Even though a reduction in use often occurs during pregnancy, many women continue to use substances until a pregnancy is either actually diagnosed or well underway.This issue consists of a well-qualified team of obstetricians-gynecologists, psychiatrists, and family physicians, focusing on various issues related directly to pregnancies complicated by substance use. Topics of interest include epidemiology and screening for hazardous and harmful substance use, teratogenic risks, psychiatric comorbidities, comprehensive treatment approaches before and after delivery, fetal surveillance, and team-based perinatal management. Particularly new information relates to prescribing buprenorphine, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and adolescent substance use.

Mayes' Midwifery E-Book

A Textbook for Midwives

Author: Sue Macdonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702045969

Category: Medical

Page: 1084

View: 3374

Mayes’ Midwifery, an established key textbook for students and qualified midwives, contains essential knowledge for professional practice. For this 14th edition, each section and chapter has been fully updated and enhanced by leading authors to ensure the text complies with contemporary practice and current guidelines. Added benefits are the availability of a variety of additional online resources for each chapter, including case studies, video and website links, and a bank of multiple-choice questions to test knowledge. With a strong emphasis on normal birth, the book covers the spectrum of midwifery-related topics applied to practice, providing a foundation of knowledge, and encouraging independent thought through the use of reflective exercises in each chapter and online. The book provides midwives with material that meets individual ways of learning and supports current modes of midwifery education. Mayes’ Midwifery is the text for initial preparation and for ongoing midwifery practice. New chapters on essential contemporary issues: Vulnerable women Perspectives on the future of midwifery, in a global context Evidence-based information to guide best practice Learning outcomes and Key Points in all chapters Reflective activities Now with an integrated website offering additional resources and material including: Multiple-choice questions for self-testing Case studies Reflective activities to consolidate your professional development Useful additional reading, resources and weblinks Expanded topics Downloadable materials including illustrations

A Handbook of Obstetric and Gynecologic Emergencies

Author: Sabaratnam Arulkumaran,K. Bhasker Rao

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788125025160

Category: Gynecologic emergencies

Page: 279

View: 7589

This Handbook Takes Up The Most Common Emergencies Seen In The Indian Context And Is Meant To Be Of Use To Those Who Are Working In Hospitals/Nursing Homes Without Tertiary Care Facilities. It Advises Them On The Recommended And Safe Management Options In Such Cases.

Practical Aspects of Urinary Incontinence

Author: Frans M. J. Debruyne,Ph.E.V.A. van Kerrebroeck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400942370

Category: Medical

Page: 348

View: 6797

Urinary incontinence is becoming an increasingly dominant condition in daily urological and gynaecological practice, although the total number of patients suffering from the different forms ofincontinence remains unclear. An estimated figure for The Netherlands, with a population of 14 500000, has been given as between 500000 and 600000 patients, showing that approximately 4 % of the total population suffer from this condition, the majority being female. The impact ofthis number is tremendous, not only regarding health care costs, but even more with regard to the psycho-social consequences. It is obvious that continuing efforts must be made to under stand more fully the different forms of urinary incontinence. An exact diagnosis is the first step necessary for adequate therapy. We all know how disastrous it can be to institute inappropriate treatment as a consequence of misunderstanding the proper aetiology in each individual case. What has happened in the past 15 years? During that time we have developed sophisticated machinery to diagnose in more detail the exact ori gin of each type of urinary incontinence, and on entering a urodynamic laboratory, one is struck by the complexity of measuring equipment. But how reliable are all these measurements and how can they be translated into an effective therapy? This still remains one ofthe major problems, although continuing progress has been made and will be made by the research work of many experts in the field of urinary incontinence.

Advances in Perinatal Medicine

Author: Aubrey Milunsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468444212

Category: Medical

Page: 255

View: 6065

The state of health care is reflected by perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality as well as by the frequencies of long-term neurological and developmental disorders. Many factors, some without immediately recognizable significance to childbearing and many still unknown, undoubtedly contribute beneficially or adversely to the outcome of pregnancy. Knowledge concerning the impact of such factors on the fetus and surviving infant is critical. Confounding analyses of pregnancy outcome, especially these past 2 or 3 decades, are the effects of newly undertaken invasive or inactive therapeutic approaches coupled with the advent of high technology. Many innovations have been introduced without serious efforts to evaluate their impact prospectively and objectively. The consequences of therapeutic misadventures character ized the past; it seems they have been replaced to a degree by some of the complications of applied technology. Examples abound: after overuse of oxygen was recognized to cause retrolental fibroplasia, its restriction led to an increase in both neonatal death rates and neurologic damage in surviving infants. Administration of vitamin K to prevent neonatal hemorrhagic disease, particularly when given in what we now know as excessive dosage, occasionally resulted in kernicterus. Prophy lactic sulfonamide use had a similar end result. More recent is the observation of bronchopulmonary dysplasia as a complication of re spirator therapy for hyaline membrane disease. The decade of the eighties opened with the all-time highest rate of cesarean section in the United States.

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123870437

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 1143

Volume 55 in the internationally acclaimed Advances in Clinical Chemistry contains chapters submitted from leading experts from academia and clinical laboratory science. Authors are from a diverse field of clinical chemistry disciplines and diagnostics, ranging from basic biochemical exploration to cutting-edge microarray technology. Leading experts from academia and clinical laboratory science Volume emphasizes novel laboratory advances with application to clinical laboratory diagnostics and practical basic science studies