Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment

Fundamentals, Processes, and Modeling

Author: Eckhard Worch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110240238

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 4783

This scientific monograph treats the theoretical fundamentals of adsorption technology for water treatment from a practical perspective. It presents all the basics needed for experimental adsorption studies as well as for process modeling and adsorber design. With the increasing importance of micropollutants in the water cycle, particular attention is paid to their competitive adsorption in presence of background organic matter. Clear illustrations, extensive literature references make this work indispensible for scientists and technicians involved in water treatment.

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment

Author: Samuel D. Faust,Osman M. Aly

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148316263X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 8237

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment discusses the application of adsorption in water purification. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that detail the carbon and resin adsorptive processes for potable water treatment. The text first covers the elements of surface chemistry and then proceeds to discussing adsorption models. Chapter 3 tackles the kinetics of adsorption, while Chapter 4 deals with batch systems and fixed fluid beds. Next, the book talks about the physical and chemical properties of carbon. The next two chapters discuss the adsorption of organic compounds and the removal of inorganic compounds, respectively. The eighth chapter presents operational, pilot plant, and case studies. Chapter 9 discusses the biological activated carbon treatment of drinking water, and Chapter 10 covers the adsorption of macroreticular resins. The book will be of great use to both researchers and professionals involved in the research and development of water treatment process.

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal

Fundamentals and Design

Author: Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319921118

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 6022

This is the first volume on adsorption using green adsorbents and is written by international contributors who are the leading experts in the adsorption field. The first volume provides an overview of fundamentals and design of adsorption processes. For people who are new to the field, the book starts by two overview chapters presenting the principles and properties of wastewater treatment and adsorption processes. The book also provides a comprehensive source of knowledge on acid-base properties of biosorbents. It discusses fractal-like kinetic models for fluid-solid adsorption, reports on the chemical characterization of oxidized activated carbons for metal removal, and the use of magnetic biosorbents in water treatment. Furthermore, the thermodynamic properties of metals adsorption by green adsorbents, and biosorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organic pollutants are reviewed, and finally the recent trends and impact of nanomaterials as green adsorbent and potential catalysts for environmental applications are summarized. The audience for this book includes students, environmentalists, engineers, water scientists, civil and industrial personnel who wish to specialize in adsorption technology. Academically, this book will be of use to students in chemical and environmental engineering who wish to learn about adsorption and its fundamentals. It has also been compiled for practicing engineers who wish to know about recent developments on adsorbent materials in order to promote further research toward improving and developing newer adsorbents and processes for the efficient removal of pollutants from industrial effluents. It is hoped that the book will serve as a readable and useful presentation not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students but also for the water scientists and engineers and as a convenient reference handbook in the form of numerous recent examples and appended information.

Adsorption Technology

Author: Frank L. Slejko

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824772857

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 4108

For the non-specialist involved with evaluating adsorption technology for specific applications, Adsorption Technology provides a timely, hands-on source of step-by-step fundamentals required to meet the needs of all types of adsorption situations. Presenting theoretical and practical information adaptable to granular activated carbon as well as synthetic adsorbents, this illustrated, easy-to-use guide offers convenient access to: principles of adsorption theory, isotherms, and the physical basis for mathematical models ... understanding of laboratory experiments needed to screen adsorbents for new applications ... procedures for testing and evaluating adsorbents in pilot plant studies ... methods for developing conceptual flowsheets for subsequent engineering cost estimating ... and more. With this important reference, industrial process, chemical, and environmental engineers and chemists now have a dependable single source to turn to for a solid, working understanding of applied adsorption technology. Moreover, this volume is an ideal text for graduate-level courses in chemical and environmental engineering, as well as continuing education courses and professional seminars. Book jacket.

Polysaccharides as a Green and Sustainable Resources for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Nurudeen A. Oladoja,Emmanuel I. Unuabonah,OMOTAYO S. AMUDA,Olatunji M. Kolawole

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319565990

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 9664

This brief critically reviews the structure and applications of polysaccharide based materials as a green and sustainable resource in water and water treatment operations. The authors present a fascinating insight into the application of this renewable resource in water and wastewater treatment operations approached from multiple perspectives: mechanistic insight into the coagulation efficiency of polysaccharides based coagulants; progress and prospects of polysaccharide composites as adsorbent for water and wastewater treatment; structural modifications of polysaccharides for enhanced performance as adsorbents; tuning polysaccharides framework for optimal coagulation efficiency; and tapping into microbial polysaccharides for water and wastewater purifications.This brief is aimed at professionals active in the science and engineering aspects of water and wastewater treatment operations.

Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes

Physical, Chemical, and Biological

Author: David Hendricks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 927

View: 8461

Carefully designed to balance coverage of theoretical and practical principles, Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes delineates the principles that support practice, using the unit processes approach as the organizing concept. The author covers principles common to any kind of water treatment, for example, drinking water, municipal wastewater, industrial water treatment, industrial waste water treatment, and hazardous wastes. Since technologies change but principles remain constant, the book identifies strands of theory rather than discusses the latest technologies, giving students a clear understanding of basic principles they can take forward in their studies. Reviewing the historical development of the field and highlighting key concepts for each unit process, each chapter follows a general format that consists of process description, history, theory, practice, problems, references, and a glossary. This organizational style facilitates finding sections of immediate interest without having to page through an excessive amount of material. Pedagogical Features End-of-chapter glossaries provide a ready reference and add terms pertinent to topic but beyond the scope of the chapter Sidebars sprinkled throughout the chapters present the lore and history of a topic, enlarging students’ perspective Example problems emphasize tradeoffs and scenarios rather than single answers and involve spreadsheets Reference material includes several appendices and a quick-reference spreadsheet Solutions manual includes spreadsheets for problems Supporting material is available for download Understanding how the field arrived at its present state of the art places the technology in a more logical context and gives students a strong foundation in basic principles. This book does more than build technical proficiency, it adds insight and understanding to the broader aspects of water treatment unit processes.

Activated Carbon for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Integration of Adsorption and Biological Treatment

Author: Ferhan Cecen,Özgür Aktas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527639454

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 9867

This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and develoment. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology

Author: Parimal Pal

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128103922

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 3318

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology begins with a brief overview of the challenges in water resource management, covering issues of plenty and scarcity-spatial variation, as well as water quality standards. In this book, the author includes a clear and rigorous exposition of the various water resource management approaches such as: separation and purification (end of discharge pipe), zero discharge approach (green process development), flow management approach, and preservation and control approach. This coverage is followed by deeper discussion of individual technologies and their applications. Covers water treatment approaches including: separation and purification—end of discharge pipe; zero discharge approach; flow management approach; and preservation and control approach Discusses water treatment process selection, trouble shooting, design, operation, and physico-chemical and treatment Discusses industry-specific water treatment processes

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling

Author: Howard Brenner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329224X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 4605

'Adsorption Calculations and Modelling' provides readers with practical, useful information about how to make adsorption calculations and formulate models describing adsorption processes. Unlike most books on this subject, this book treats both gas phase adsorption and liquid phase adsorption with equal emphasis, and supplies a rigorous treatment of multi-component adsorption. It also covers adsorption applications in environmental applications including the use of impregnated adsorbents for protection against toxic gases and carbon adsorption in water and wastewater treatment. Explores the most up-to-date information on multicomponent adsorption Details adsorption applications in environmental application Explains the fundamentals of adsorption calculation in a simple, straightforward manner.

Progress in Filtration and Separation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012398307X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 358

Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis

Design of Operations and Environmental Applications

Author: Stavros G. Poulopoulos,Vassilis J. Inglezakis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080463667

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 9472

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis is essentially a mixture of environmental science and chemical reactor engineering. More specifically, three important heterogeneous processes, namely, adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis, are analysed, from fundamental kinetics to reactor design with emphasis on their environmental applications. In Chapter 1, the subject of air and water pollution is dealt with. Data about pollutants and emission sources are given and the treatment methods are shortly presented. In Chapter 2, the very basics and historical development of adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis are presented as well as their environmental applications. Chapter 3 is devoted to heterogeneous processes and reactor analysis. All types of reactors are described in depth and reactor modelling, hydraulics and mass/heat transfer phenomena are examined for each type of reactor. Chapters 4 and 5 are dedicated to adsorption & ion exchange and catalysis, respectively. The basic principles are presented including kinetics, equilibrium, mass/heat transfer phenomena as well as the analytical solutions of the reactor models presented in Chapter 3. In the sixth chapter, the subject of scale up is approached. The two Annexes at the end of the book contain physical properties of substances of environmental interest as well as unit conversion tables. Finally, nearly all the examples contained are based on real experimental data found in literature with environmental interest. Most of the examples consider all aspects of operation design – kinetics, hydraulics and mass transfer. * Provides basic knowledge of major environmental problems and connects them to chemical engineering

Activated Carbon for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Integration of Adsorption and Biological Treatment

Author: Ferhan Cecen,Özgür Aktas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527639454

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 2817

This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and develoment. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment

Theory and Applications

Author: Gayle Newcombe,David Dixon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080530512

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 3937

It is difficult to imagine anything more important to the human population than safe drinking water. Lack of clean drinking water is still the major cause of illness and death in young children in developing countries. In more fortunate communities, where water treatment is practiced, the primary aim of water authorities is to provide water that is free from pathogens and toxins. Most countries now have water quality regulations, or guidelines, which are driving water authorities to produce purer water, with the minimum of contamination from natural or man-made origin. At the same time, consumers are demanding that chemicals added during the treatment of drinking water be kept to a minimum. As a consequence, conventional clarification methods are being challenged to comply with the new regulations and restrictions and our understanding of the mechanisms involved is being tested as never before. Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment contains a rigorous review of water treatment practices from a fundamental viewpoint. The book includes material from leading experts in the field of water treatment, reviewing their specific fields of expertise against a background of colloid and surface chemistry, and examines each step of the journey from source to consumer tap. It therefore permits the reader to develop a deep understanding of the complex processes taking place and of the necessary treatments which are vital for the provision of safe and palatable drinking water. The book is aimed at researchers, educators and practitioners in science and engineering, particularly those involved in water treatment and colloidal chemistry. · Covers all existing water treatment processes, approached from a fundamental surface and colloid science viewpoint · Unique collection of R&D authors, all experts in water treatment processes · Comprehensive review of water treatment with a complete list of references

Fundamentals of Adsorption

Author: M Suzuki

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080887722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 798

View: 1784

Fundamentals of Adsorption contains 2 plenary lectures and 96 selected papers from the IVth International Conference, Kyoto, May, 1992. The topics cover a wide range of studies from fundamentals to applications: characterization of porous adsorbents, molecular simulation, adsorption isotherms, diffusion in adsorbents, breakthrough detection, chromatography, pressure swing operation, etc. Model studies on adsorption, surface characterization, microporosimetry, molecular simulations of equilibrium and diffusion, computer simulation of adsorption beds, and many theoretical studies are also included. Special attention is given to: bulk gas separation and purification, solvent recovery, bioproduct separation, environmental pollution control, methane storage, adsorption cooling and resources recovery.

Activated Carbon

Solutions for Improving Water Quality

Author: Zaid K. Chowdhury

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 1583219072

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 3346

"Many books have been written about granular activated carbon. Some focus on the theory of performance and removal mechanisms while others focus on design features. This book focuses on solutions. It describes the challenges facing water providers to provide safe water that is acceptable to their customers, utility experiences using activated carbon, activated carbon applications, and design and procurement approaches. The appendices include detailed case studies and a life-cycle assessment demonstrating favorable sustainability considerations for activated carbon when compared to other treatment technologies. Never before has all of this information been together in one location. The what, why, and how of activated carbon are connected in this book and demonstrate why this treatment technology has maintained its status as an integral treatment technology in the quest for pure water over millennia"--

Adsorption Analysis: Equilibria and Kinetics

(With CD Containing Computer Matlab Programs)

Author: Duong D Do

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783262249

Category: Science

Page: 916

View: 8006

This book covers topics of equilibria and kinetics of adsorption in porous media. Fundamental equilibria and kinetics are dealt with for homogeneous as well as heterogeneous particles. Five chapters of the book deal with equilibria and eight chapters deal with kinetics. Single component as well as multicomponent systems are discussed. In kinetics analysis, we deal with the various mass transport processes and their interactions inside a porous particle. Conventional approaches as well as the new approach using Maxwell–Stefan equations are presented. Various methods to measure diffusivity, such as the Differential Adsorption Bed (DAB), the time lag, the diffusion cell, chromatography, and the batch adsorber methods are also covered by the book. It can be used by lecturers and engineers who wish to carry out research in adsorption. A number of programming codes written in MatLab language are included so that readers can use them directly to better understand the behavior of single and multicomponent adsorption systems. Contents:Equilibria:Fundamentals of Pure Component Adsorption EquilibriaPractical Approaches of Pure Component Adsorption EquilibriaPure Component Adsorption in Microporous SolidsMulticomponent Adsorption EquilibriaHeterogeneous Adsorption EquilibriaKinetics:Fundamentals of Diffusion and Adsorption in Porous MediaDiffusion in Porous Media: Maxwell-Stefan ApproachAnalysis of Adsorption Kinetics in a Single Homogeneous ParticleAnalysis of Adsorption Kinetics in a Zeolite ParticleAnalysis of Adsorption Kinetics in a Heterogeneous ParticleMeasurement Techniques:Time Lag in Diffusion and Adsorption in Porous MediaAnalysis of Steady State and Transient Diffusion CellsAdsorption and Diffusivity Measurement by a Chromatography MethodAnalysis of a Batch Adsorber Readership: Lecturers and students in adsorption analysis, and engineers.

Membrane and Desalination Technologies

Author: Lawrence K. Wang,Jiaping Paul Chen,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781597452786

Category: Science

Page: 716

View: 335

In this essential new volume, Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies, a panel of expert researchers provide a wealth of information on membrane and desalination technologies. An advanced chemical and environmental engineering textbook as well as a comprehensive reference book, this volume is of high value to advanced graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists, and designers of water and wastewater treatment systems. This is an essential part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series, an incredible collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. Chapters adopt the series format, employing methods of practical design and calculation illustrated by numerical examples, including pertinent cost data whenever possible, and exploring in great detail the fundamental principles of the field. Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies is an essential guide for researchers, highlighting the latest developments in principles of membrane technology, membrane systems planning and design, industrial and municipal waste treatments, desalination requirements, wastewater reclamation, biofiltration, and more.

Liquid Filtration

Author: Nicholas P Cheremisinoff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080510361

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 8214

Liquid Filtration is a state-of-the-art review of liquid filtration in the chemical process and allied industries. Interpretations of the phenomenological observations of the hydrodynamics of filtration are given in the hopes of establishing more theoretical and generalized bases of design methodology. Specific design and selection criteria are reviewed, and typical industrial problems and their solutions are presented. Nicholas Cheremisinoff is known internationally as one of the foremost engineers with Exxon and as the author of numerous books, articles and periodical contributions. Most recently his international consulting role has seen him active the Ukraine, part of the former Soviet Union, where the modernising of these industrial processes has been key. Liquid Filtration is a fundamental unit operation extensively practiced throughout the chemical process, petroleum, and allied industries. It involves the separation, removal, and collection of a discrete phase of matter existing in a dispersed or colloidal state in suspension. This separation is most often performed in the presence of a complex media structure in which physical, physiochemical and/or electrokinetic forces interact. Guide to an essential industrial operation Single reference source for many industries Author has world-wide experience and reputation

Water Quality Engineering

Physical / Chemical Treatment Processes

Author: Mark M. Benjamin,Desmond F. Lawler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118632273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 3528

Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.