Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment

Fundamentals, Processes, and Modeling

Author: Eckhard Worch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110240238

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 2384

This scientific monograph treats the theoretical fundamentals of adsorption technology for water treatment from a practical perspective. It presents all the basics needed for experimental adsorption studies as well as for process modeling and adsorber design. With the increasing importance of micropollutants in the water cycle, particular attention is paid to their competitive adsorption in presence of background organic matter. Clear illustrations, extensive literature references make this work indispensible for scientists and technicians involved in water treatment.

Polymer-based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications

Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081019114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 700

View: 7769

Polymer-Based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive and updated review of major innovations in the field of polymer-based nanocomposites for energy and environmental applications. It covers properties and applications, including the synthesis of polymer based nanocomposites from different sources and tactics on the efficacy and major challenges associated with successful scale-up fabrication. The chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of polymer based nanocomposites in energy and environmental applications, while also detailing how to achieve material’s characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. It is an essential reference for future research in polymer based nanocomposites as topics such as sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for highly innovative and applied materials are current topics of importance. Covers a wide range of research on polymer based nanocomposites Provides updates on the most relevant polymer based nanocomposites and their prodigious potential in the fields of energy and the environment Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of polymer based nanocomposites Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Nanocellulose and Sustainability

Production, Properties, Applications, and Case Studies

Author: Koon-Yang Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351262912

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 1480

Nanometre scale cellulose fibres, or nanocellulose, are emerging materials for various advanced applications. Nanocellulose and Sustainability: Production, Properties, Applications, and Case Studies provides a comprehensive overview of nanocellulose production, nanocellulose properties and nanocellulose in selected applications. This book serves as an entry level reference text for undergraduates, graduate students, researchers and professional engineers working in the area of nanocellulose and sustainability.

Adsorption Technology and Design

Author: W. J. Thomas,Barry D. Crittenden

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780750619592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 271

View: 9695

Introduction to adsorption processes and applications; Adsorbents; Thermodynamics and equilibrium; Kinetics; Processes and cycles; Modelling and design; Examples of pressure swing adsorption; Examples of thermal swing adsorption; The Literature of adsorption.

Process Technology

An Introduction

Author: André B. de Haan

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110336723

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 540

View: 3166

This book provides a general overview about chemical and biochemical process technology. It focuses on the structure and development of production processes, main technological operations and some important aspects of process economics. For the technological operations the author emphasis operating principles, reasons for application and available industrial equipment.

Activated Carbon for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Integration of Adsorption and Biological Treatment

Author: Ferhan Cecen,Özgür Aktas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527639454

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 9629

This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and develoment. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.

Electrochemical Water and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Carlos Alberto Martínez-Huitle,Manuel A Rodrigo,Onofrio Scialdone

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128131616

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 662

Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods provides the fundamentals and applications of electrochemical water treatment methods to treat industrial effluents. Sections provide an overview of the technology, its current state of development, and how it is making its way into industry applications. Other sections deal with historical developments and the fundamentals of 18 methods, including coupled methods, such as Electrocoagulation, Peroxi-Coagulation and Electro-Fenton treatments. In addition, users will find discussions that relate to industries such as Pulp and Paper, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, and Urban/Domestic wastewater, amongst others. Final sections present advantages, disadvantages and ways to combine renewable energy sources and electrochemical methods to design sustainable facilities. Environmental and Chemical Engineers will benefit from the extensive collection of methods and industry focused application cases, but researchers in environmental chemistry will also find interesting examples on how methods can be transitioned from lab environments to practical applications. Offers an excellent overview of the research advances and current applications of electrochemical technologies for water treatment Explains, in a comprehensive way, the fundamentals of different electrochemical uses and applications of different technologies Provides a large number of examples as evidence of practical applications of electrochemistry to environmental protection Explores the combination possibilities with other treatment technologies or emerging technologies for destroying water pollutants

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling

Author: Howard Brenner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329224X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 5296

'Adsorption Calculations and Modelling' provides readers with practical, useful information about how to make adsorption calculations and formulate models describing adsorption processes. Unlike most books on this subject, this book treats both gas phase adsorption and liquid phase adsorption with equal emphasis, and supplies a rigorous treatment of multi-component adsorption. It also covers adsorption applications in environmental applications including the use of impregnated adsorbents for protection against toxic gases and carbon adsorption in water and wastewater treatment. Explores the most up-to-date information on multicomponent adsorption Details adsorption applications in environmental application Explains the fundamentals of adsorption calculation in a simple, straightforward manner.

Nanotechnology for Water Treatment and Purification

Author: Anming Hu,Allen Apblett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319065785

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 373

View: 5516

This book describes the latest progress in the application of nanotechnology for water treatment and purification. Leaders in the field present both the fundamental science and a comprehensive overview of the diverse range of tools and technologies that have been developed in this critical area. Expert chapters present the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and the advantages that these provide for engineering applications that ensure a supply of safe drinking water for our growing population. Application areas include generating fresh water from seawater, preventing contamination of the environment and creating effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. The chapter authors are leading world-wide experts in the field with either academic or industrial experience, ensuring that this comprehensive volume presents the state-of-the-art in the integration of nanotechnology with water treatment and purification.

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology

Author: Parimal Pal

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128103922

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 8750

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology begins with a brief overview of the challenges in water resource management, covering issues of plenty and scarcity-spatial variation, as well as water quality standards. In this book, the author includes a clear and rigorous exposition of the various water resource management approaches such as: separation and purification (end of discharge pipe), zero discharge approach (green process development), flow management approach, and preservation and control approach. This coverage is followed by deeper discussion of individual technologies and their applications. Covers water treatment approaches including: separation and purification—end of discharge pipe; zero discharge approach; flow management approach; and preservation and control approach Discusses water treatment process selection, trouble shooting, design, operation, and physico-chemical and treatment Discusses industry-specific water treatment processes

Progress in Filtration and Separation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012398307X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 1186

Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis

Design of Operations and Environmental Applications

Author: Stavros G. Poulopoulos,Vassilis J. Inglezakis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080463667

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 6414

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis is essentially a mixture of environmental science and chemical reactor engineering. More specifically, three important heterogeneous processes, namely, adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis, are analysed, from fundamental kinetics to reactor design with emphasis on their environmental applications. In Chapter 1, the subject of air and water pollution is dealt with. Data about pollutants and emission sources are given and the treatment methods are shortly presented. In Chapter 2, the very basics and historical development of adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis are presented as well as their environmental applications. Chapter 3 is devoted to heterogeneous processes and reactor analysis. All types of reactors are described in depth and reactor modelling, hydraulics and mass/heat transfer phenomena are examined for each type of reactor. Chapters 4 and 5 are dedicated to adsorption & ion exchange and catalysis, respectively. The basic principles are presented including kinetics, equilibrium, mass/heat transfer phenomena as well as the analytical solutions of the reactor models presented in Chapter 3. In the sixth chapter, the subject of scale up is approached. The two Annexes at the end of the book contain physical properties of substances of environmental interest as well as unit conversion tables. Finally, nearly all the examples contained are based on real experimental data found in literature with environmental interest. Most of the examples consider all aspects of operation design – kinetics, hydraulics and mass transfer. * Provides basic knowledge of major environmental problems and connects them to chemical engineering

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment

Author: Samuel D. Faust,Osman M. Aly

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148316263X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 6695

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment discusses the application of adsorption in water purification. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that detail the carbon and resin adsorptive processes for potable water treatment. The text first covers the elements of surface chemistry and then proceeds to discussing adsorption models. Chapter 3 tackles the kinetics of adsorption, while Chapter 4 deals with batch systems and fixed fluid beds. Next, the book talks about the physical and chemical properties of carbon. The next two chapters discuss the adsorption of organic compounds and the removal of inorganic compounds, respectively. The eighth chapter presents operational, pilot plant, and case studies. Chapter 9 discusses the biological activated carbon treatment of drinking water, and Chapter 10 covers the adsorption of macroreticular resins. The book will be of great use to both researchers and professionals involved in the research and development of water treatment process.

Advances in Adsorption Technology

Author: Kim Choon Ng,Bidyut Baran Saha

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781608768332

Category: Science

Page: 553

View: 3734

The efficient utilisation of energy at low heat source temperature is a key issue for both industry and academia. In recent years, the heat-activated adsorption cycles are proven to be practical and energy efficient method for converting low-temperature waste heat into useful effects such as cooling, freezing, heating, storage and desalination and this is reflected by the dearth of literature publications. The adsorption technology would steer towards the key development of heat activated machines for the energy industry and they could offer cost-effective solutions for achieving energy efficiency and environment sustainability. This edited book covers the state-of-the art of adsorption research and technologies for relevant applications with the objectives of energy efficiency and sustainability. It consists of fifteen chapters from renowned experts in adsorption fields around the world covering the aspects of adsorption fundamentals, adsorbent materials characterisations, adsorption cooling, storage, and heat pump systems. This book examines new research directions in this frontier field.

Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes

Physical, Chemical, and Biological

Author: David Hendricks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 927

View: 2159

Carefully designed to balance coverage of theoretical and practical principles, Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes delineates the principles that support practice, using the unit processes approach as the organizing concept. The author covers principles common to any kind of water treatment, for example, drinking water, municipal wastewater, industrial water treatment, industrial waste water treatment, and hazardous wastes. Since technologies change but principles remain constant, the book identifies strands of theory rather than discusses the latest technologies, giving students a clear understanding of basic principles they can take forward in their studies. Reviewing the historical development of the field and highlighting key concepts for each unit process, each chapter follows a general format that consists of process description, history, theory, practice, problems, references, and a glossary. This organizational style facilitates finding sections of immediate interest without having to page through an excessive amount of material. Pedagogical Features End-of-chapter glossaries provide a ready reference and add terms pertinent to topic but beyond the scope of the chapter Sidebars sprinkled throughout the chapters present the lore and history of a topic, enlarging students’ perspective Example problems emphasize tradeoffs and scenarios rather than single answers and involve spreadsheets Reference material includes several appendices and a quick-reference spreadsheet Solutions manual includes spreadsheets for problems Supporting material is available for download Understanding how the field arrived at its present state of the art places the technology in a more logical context and gives students a strong foundation in basic principles. This book does more than build technical proficiency, it adds insight and understanding to the broader aspects of water treatment unit processes.

Liquid Filtration

Author: Nicholas P Cheremisinoff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080510361

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 3755

Liquid Filtration is a state-of-the-art review of liquid filtration in the chemical process and allied industries. Interpretations of the phenomenological observations of the hydrodynamics of filtration are given in the hopes of establishing more theoretical and generalized bases of design methodology. Specific design and selection criteria are reviewed, and typical industrial problems and their solutions are presented. Nicholas Cheremisinoff is known internationally as one of the foremost engineers with Exxon and as the author of numerous books, articles and periodical contributions. Most recently his international consulting role has seen him active the Ukraine, part of the former Soviet Union, where the modernising of these industrial processes has been key. Liquid Filtration is a fundamental unit operation extensively practiced throughout the chemical process, petroleum, and allied industries. It involves the separation, removal, and collection of a discrete phase of matter existing in a dispersed or colloidal state in suspension. This separation is most often performed in the presence of a complex media structure in which physical, physiochemical and/or electrokinetic forces interact. Guide to an essential industrial operation Single reference source for many industries Author has world-wide experience and reputation

Water Quality Engineering

Physical / Chemical Treatment Processes

Author: Mark M. Benjamin,Desmond F. Lawler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118632273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 1571

Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.

Hydrochemistry

Basic Concepts and Exercises

Author: Eckhard Worch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110382024

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 3028

Quality and usability of water is determined by its dissolved or suspended constituents. This book provides an overview of the physical and chemical processes in aquatic systems that determine the input, output, or transformation of water constituents. Emphasis is placed on the mathematical description of relevant reaction equilibria in aquatic systems and the practical application of equilibrium relationships. An outstanding text and exercise book for students in all environmental study programs.

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection

Author: Monzer Fanun

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444632840

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 5350

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection describes the importance of colloids in many applications that contribute to environmental protection, including drinking water and wastewater treatment, heavy metal remediation, treatment of radioactive materials, corrosion, and energy conversion. Knowledge of the physical and chemical composition of colloids is important to understand and accurately model the relevant processes. The book familiarizes the reader with the technological features of the application of colloids in environmental protection, and provides chemical engineers, researchers, and scientists in academic and corporate communities with the latest developments in this field. Each chapter covers the whole spectrum of the relevant science, from the fundamentals to applications. Provides the applied technological features of colloids in environmental protection Gives insight into the use of bio-solid colloids as contaminant carriers Covers the natural occurrence of biosurfactants in the environment and their applications Provides information on the use of nanoparticles for environmental applications Chapters written by recognized and respected experts in the field from all over the world

Water Reclamation and Sustainability

Author: Satinder Ahuja

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124165761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 4153

Many hydrological, geochemical, and biological processes associated with water reclamation and reuse are poorly understood. In particular, the occurrence and effects of trace organic and inorganic contaminants commonly found in reclaimed water necessitates careful analysis and treatment prior to safe reuse. Water Reclamation and Sustainability is a practical guide to the latest water reclamation, recycling, and reuse theory and practice. From water quality criteria and regulations to advanced techniques and implementation issues, this book offers scientists a toolkit for developing safe and successful reuse strategies. With a focus on specific contaminant removal techniques, this book comprehensively covers the full range of potential inorganic/organic contaminating compounds and highlights proven remediation methods. Socioeconomic implications related to current and future water shortages are also addressed, underscoring the many positive benefits of sustainable water resource management. Offers pragmatic solutions to global water shortages Provides an overview of the latest analytical techniques for water monitoring Reviews current remediation efforts Covers innovative technologies for green, gray, brown and black water reclamation and reuse