Across Atlantic Ice

The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

Author: Dennis J. Stanford,Bruce A. Bradley

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520275780

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 733

Argues that the Solutrean culture of coastal Spain and the European Atlantic Shelf was the ancestral industry to the North American Clovis industry.

Vergessene Kulturen der Weltgeschichte

25 verlorene Pfade der Menschheit

Author: Harald Haarmann

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406734111

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 2336

Die alten Griechen und Ägypter stehen in jedem Geschichtsbuch, aber was ist mit dem sagenhaften Goldland Punt oder dem paradiesischen Dilmun? Viele Kulturen sind heute nur noch in Sagen von exotischen Ländern oder archäologischen Zeugnissen greifbar. Harald Haarmann nimmt in seinem kurzweiligen Buch 25 dieser Stiefkinder unter die Lupe und zeigt, was uns bisher entgangen ist. Manche Kulturen werden für immer vergessen bleiben, andere haben zumindest Spuren hinterlassen, denen wir folgen können. Harald Haarmann entdeckt steinzeitliche Siedlungen am Baikalsee, geht dem Rätsel der Pelasger nach, der vorindoeuropäischen Bevölkerung Griechenlands, findet einen historischen Kern in den Geschichten von den Amazonen-Kriegerinnen vom Schwarzen Meer, erklärt die seltsame Kultur der Osterinsel, die durch hausgemachte Umweltprobleme unterging, und beschreibt die jüngst entdeckten Reste von Großsiedlungen in der südlichen Amazonas-Region, wo man bisher nur Jäger und Sammler im unberührten Urwald vermutet hat. Insgesamt zeigen die 25 Stiefkinder, dass die Menschheit mehr Optionen hatte, als wir denken. In einer Zeit, in der uns die Schattenseiten unserer eigenen Kultur bewusst werden, sollten wir uns an die verlorenen Pfade erinnern. Mit 52 Abbildungen und Karten.

Ayla und das Lied der Höhlen

Roman

Author: Jean M. Auel

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641067987

Category: Fiction

Page: 1120

View: 9427

Genauestens recherchiert und grandios erzählt Von Millionen Lesern sehnsüchtig erwartet: Jean M. Auel legt nun den krönenden Höhepunkt ihrer Steinzeit-Saga vor, einer der erfolgreichsten Romanserien aller Zeiten. Ayla wird von der großen Heilerin der Neunten Höhle als Nachfolgerin auserkoren. Sie bricht auf zu Reisen der Initiation voller Erkenntnisse und Gefahren. Dabei merkt sie kaum, wie sehr ihre Beziehung zu Jondalar darunter leidet . . .

Horse Nations

The Worldwide Impact of the Horse on Indigenous Societies Post-1492

Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191008826

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 9438

The Native American on a horse is an archetypal Hollywood image, but though such equestrian-focused societies were a relatively short-lived consequence of European expansion overseas, they were not restricted to North America's Plains. Horse Nations provides the first wide-ranging and up-to-date synthesis of the impact of the horse on the Indigenous societies of North and South America, southern Africa, and Australasia following its introduction as a result of European contact post-1492. Drawing on sources in a variety of languages and on the evidence of archaeology, anthropology, and history, the volume outlines the transformations that the acquisition of the horse wrought on a diverse range of groups within these four continents. It explores key topics such as changes in subsistence, technology, and belief systems, the horse's role in facilitating the emergence of more hierarchical social formations, and the interplay between ecology, climate, and human action in adopting the horse, as well as considering how far equestrian lifestyles were ultimately unsustainable.

A Rosetta Stone

The Universal Harmonic Language Model

Author: Michael Sandborn,Nataliya Holmes

Publisher: Virtuoso Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 316

The fundamental structure of the universe, from the particle and the atom to the biological evolution of organisms such as the eye and ear, exist because of the harmonic relationships of waves. The most significant characteristic of the human species to evolve was advanced communication abilities resulting from the perception of harmonics. This perception led directly to the unique biological morphology of the human vocal apparatus and the correlative neurocranial expansion of the auditory, memory, and language regions of the brain. New research is conclusively demonstrating that the modern human capacity for advanced language was in tact by approximately 200,000 B.C.E. and that the earliest advanced technologies to be created were harmonic sound and language devices. To date, there has never been a thorough examining or explanation of why the harmonic component emerged, nor has a model been discovered or developed to define and elucidate the harmonic structure of language which is the unifying mechanism of all fields. Within this treatise, a new harmonic model of Euclidean space is presented which elucidates the fundamental harmonic identities of numbers and their relationships within a naturally occurring resonant field system. This model is then applied to various harmonic phenomena in contrasting wave based fields to demonstrate unified harmonic structure and function. As a pièce de résistance, it is shown that the harmonic mechanisms which create the triangularity of vowel formant perception and the resultant Euclidean harmonic circularity of vowel space, is synonymous to the ocular cone trichromacy forming color perception and the resultant Euclidean harmonic circularity of color space. Due to the underlying harmonic frequency substrate of both these phenomena, an expanded harmonic correlation is demonstrated with wide ranging repercussions. One such consequence being the ability to linguistically transfer the categorical perception of harmonic structure from one field to another providing a plethora of new harmonic investigative and analytical tools for every wave based field. The core of the information presented herein is demonstrated through the medium of sound and the organizing harmonic elements of music language. Accordingly, the integral components of language formant vowels and consonants, color trichromacy, and dual harmonic frequency/wavelength systems are unified in an applied model which has been tested for the past decade showing fundamental harmonic cohesion and discourse between the underlying phenomena. Though this treatise is a scholarly presentation, it is designed to be accessible to a wide and diverse educated audience due to the sheer scope of facts presented from multiple niche disciplines to which no single scholar could be expected to possess an expert command. It is thus a comprehensive panorama of harmonic structure providing a never-before-seen perspective harmonic correlation between seemingly unrelated fields. As much as this treatise is an extensive exposition of the structure of harmonics, it is also an engaging expose of harmonic evolution within the biology of multiple species and the systems of color, language, and music. It has therefore been defined as a Rosetta Stone which not only provides for the decoding of fundamental evolutionary harmonic correlations between wide ranging organisms, but also provides new tools to investigate, analyze, and evolve the next frontier of harmonic order.

Thunderhead

Author: Douglas Preston,Lincoln Child

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426557290

Category: Fiction

Page: 560

View: 8471

Im Tal des Teufels Vor tausenden von Jahren hat im amerikanischen Südwesten ein mysteriöser Indianerstamm Straßen gebaut und Städte errichtet, bis diese Kultur auf rätsel- hafte Weise zusammenbrach. Der Hauptort, die goldene Stadt Quivira, verschwand für immer. Die Expedition, die das Geheimnis aufdecken soll, kämpft nicht nur gegen Hitze und Wüstensand ? ihr Gegner ist das Böse an sich. Eine hochbrisante Mischung aus Archäologie, Technik, Horror und Spannung. "Preston und Child schreiben Klasse-Thriller mit Grusel-Touch und Krimis zum Unter-die Decke-Kriechen." Brigitte "Spannung und Horror pur bis zur letzten Seite". Berliner Morgenpost Thunderhead von Lincoln Child, Douglas Preston: Spannung pur im eBook!

To Pass On a Good Earth

The Life and Work of Carl O. Sauer

Author: Michael Williams

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813935776

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8356

To Pass On a Good Earth is the candid and compelling new biography of one of the twentieth century’s most distinctive and influential scholars. The legendary "Great God beyond the Sierras," Carl Ortwin Sauer is America’s most famed geographer, an inspiration to both academics and poets, yet no book-length biography of him has existed until now. This Missouri-born son of German immigrants contributed to many fields, with a versatility rare in his time and virtually unknown today. Sauer explored plant and animal domestication, the entry of Native Americans into the continent, their transformation of the land into prairies and cultivated fields, and subsequent European enterprise that fueled prosperity but also triggered environmental degradation and the loss of cultural diversity. Providing profound and invaluable insights into the human occupance, cultivation--and often ruination--of the earth, Sauer revolutionized our understanding of the impact of European conquest of the New World. Author and fellow geographer Michael Williams had access to Sauer’s voluminous correspondence in the Bancroft Library at Berkeley and in family collections. Enlivened by these intimate letters to family and colleagues, To Pass On a Good Earth reveals the rare qualities of mind and heart that made Sauer one of America’s most treasured--as well as troubled--intellectual pioneers. He brought both historical rigor and humanistic understanding to the burgeoning environmental movement and ceaselessly championed an ecumenical approach in an age of increasing specialization.

Paleoamerican Odyssey

Author: Kelly E. Graf,Caroline V. Ketron,Michael R. Waters

Publisher: Texas A & M University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 573

View: 7340

As research continues on the earliest migration of modern humans into North and South America, the current state of knowledge about these first Americans is continually evolving. Especially with recent advances in human genomic studies, both of living populations and ancient skeletal remains, new light is being shed in the ongoing quest toward understanding the full complexity and timing of prehistoric migration patterns. Paleoamerican Odyssey collects thirty-one studies presented at the 2013 conference by the same name, hosted in Santa Fe, New Mexico, by the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M University. Providing an up-to-date view of the current state of knowledge in paleoamerican studies, the research gathered in this volume, presented by leaders in the field, focuses especially on late Pleistocene Northeast Asia, Beringia, and North and South America, as well as dispersal routes, molecular genetics, and Clovis and pre-Clovis archaeology.

Kolumbus' Erbe

Wie Menschen, Tiere, Pflanzen die Ozeane überquerten und die Welt von heute schufen

Author: Charles C. Mann

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364403771X

Category: History

Page: 816

View: 4829

«Das beste Sachbuch des Jahres.» TIME Die Entdeckung Amerikas war für das Leben auf unserem Planeten das folgenreichste Ereignis seit dem Aussterben der Dinosaurier. Denn: Millionen Jahre waren die Hemisphären weitgehend voneinander isoliert gewesen. Mit Kolumbus traten sie in einen Austausch. Menschen und Pflanzen, Tiere und Krankheiten gelangten per Schiff in neue Lebensräume und schufen eine Welt, in der nichts blieb, wie es einmal gewesen war. Das hatte auch gravierende politische Konsequenzen: Der «kolumbische Austausch» trug mehr als alles andere dazu bei, dass Europa zur Weltmacht aufstieg und China verdrängte. Charles C. Mann zeichnet ein spannendes Panorama dieser Vorgänge, das Kontinente und Jahrhunderte umfasst. Ein großartiges Lesevergnügen für alle Wissensdurstigen! «Herausragend.» The New York Times «Ein faszinierendes und vielschichtiges Buch, das auf vorbildliche Weise sprechende Fakten mit gutem Geschichtenerzählen vereint.» The Washington Post

Kennewick Man

The Scientific Investigation of an Ancient American Skeleton

Author: Douglas W. Owsley,Richard L. Jantz

Publisher: Texas A & M University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 669

View: 6143

A thorough examination of the Kennewick Man human remains by forensic anthropologists, archaeologists, geologists, and geochemists reveals the secrets of one of the earliest human occupants of North America.

Invasion der Barbaren

Die Entstehung Europas im ersten Jahrtausend nach Christus

Author: Peter Heather

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608101896

Category: History

Page: 667

View: 3652

Spätrömische Dekadenz und plündernde Vandalen: so lauten die Klischees über die sogenannte Völkerwanderungszeit. Doch wie entstand im ersten Jahrtausend aus dem hochentwickelten römischen Süden und dem barbarischen Norden die neue kulturelle Einheit Europa? Um Christi Geburt war Europa zweigeteilt in den hochentwickelten Süden der Mittelmeerkulturen und den unentwickelten Norden germanischund slawisch sprechender Stammeskulturen. Diese kannten weder die Schrift noch den steinernen Siedlungsbau, ein stehendes Heer oder die Geldwirtschaft, geschweige denn Städte mit Feuerwehr und Müllabfuhr. Wie konnte der »Ansturm der Barbaren« dem römischen Imperium den Todesstoß versetzen? Peter Heather stellt diese alte Frage im Licht der Erkenntnisse zur Ethnogenese und der modernen Migrationsforschung neu. Vom Hunnensturm bis zu den Wikingern untersucht er die Dynamik der europäischen Wanderungsbewegungen. Die sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wechselwirkungen zwischen beiden Kulturräumen veränderten diese von Grund auf und ließen sie langfristig zu einer neuen kulturellen Einheit werden: dem Europa, das wir in weiterentwickelter Form noch heute kennen.

America's Wetland

An Environmental and Cultural History of Tidewater Virginia and North Carolina

Author: Roy T. Sawyer

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813929695

Category: Nature

Page: 272

View: 8236

The geologically ancient Tidewater region of southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina rests precariously atop millions of years of erosion from the nearby Appalachian Mountains. An immense wetland at near sea level, it is host to every conceivable body of fresh water, ranging from brooding swamps and large hidden lakes to sluggish blackwater rivers and brackish sounds (one of which was so large an early explorer thought he had found the Pacific Ocean). In this engaging book, biologist and Tidewater native Roy T. Sawyer delivers an ecohistory of this unique waterland whose wind-driven tides cover a rich human and natural past. Jutting prominently into the Atlantic, this wetland is the final stop for the warmth of the Gulf Stream before it is deflected from the American mainland. At the top of a narrow, warm coastal strip, it provides an ideal home for a vast array of animal and plant life, including prodigious numbers of reptiles (such as the world’s northernmost population of alligators) and overwintering waterfowl. It is also home to the oldest known living trees east of the Rocky Mountains. The climate and geography made the area a natural choice for very early human habitation--as far back as the last ice age, when the region was a rich oasis just south of a veritable tundra. In examining the impact of humans upon this environment, and vice-versa, Sawyer reveals how our alarming shortsightedness has produced a fragile and endangered present. Although human manipulation started here as early as ten thousand years ago (coinciding with extinction of mammoths and other megafauna), the environment has been altered most radically over only the last one hundred years, particularly in regard to land drainage, deforestation, overfishing, and pollution. The author provides an authoritative overview of the human impact on these wetlands and suggests ways in which we might still salvage them. In so doing, he explores the effects of hurricanes, droughts, forest fires, and ice ages of the past--and anticipates, in this age of global warming, natural events that may be still to come.

The Global Prehistory of Human Migration

Author: Immanuel Ness

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118970586

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 8819

Previously published as the first volume of The Encyclopediaof Global Human Migration, this work is devoted exclusively toprehistoric migration, covering all periods and places from thefirst hominin migrations out of Africa through the end ofprehistory. Presents interdisciplinary coverage of this topic, includingscholarship from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, genetics,biology, linguistics, and more Includes contributions from a diverse international team ofauthors, representing 17 countries and a variety ofdisciplines Divided into two sections, covering the Pleistocene andHolocene; each section examines human migration through chaptersthat focus on different regional and disciplinary lenses

Rising Seas

Past, Present, Future

Author: Vivien Gornitz

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519206

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 3464

The Earth's climate is already warming due to increased concentrations of human-produced greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and the specter of rising sea level is one of global warming's most far-reaching threats. Sea level will keep rising long after greenhouse gas emissions have ceased, because of the delay in penetration of surface warming to the ocean depths and because of the slow dissipation of excess atmospheric carbon dioxide. Adopting a long perspective that interprets sea level changes both underway and expected in the near future, Vivien Gornitz completes a highly relevant and necessary study of an unprecedented age in Earth's history. Gornitz consults past climate archives to help better anticipate future developments and prepare for them more effectively. She focuses on several understudied historical events, including the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Anomaly, the Messinian salinity crisis, the rapid filling of the Black Sea (which may have inspired the story of Noah's flood), and the Storrega submarine slide, an incident possibly connected to a sea level occurrence roughly 8,000 years old. By examining dramatic variations in past sea level and climate, Gornitz concretizes the potential consequences of rapid, human-induced warming. She builds historical precedent for coastal hazards associated with a higher ocean level, such as increased damage from storm surge flooding, even if storm characteristics remain unchanged. Citing the examples of Rotterdam, London, New York City, and other forward-looking urban centers that are effectively preparing for higher sea level, Gornitz also delineates the difficult economic and political choices of curbing carbon emissions while underscoring, through past geological analysis, the urgent need to do so.

1421

als China die Welt entdeckte

Author: Gavin Menzies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783426777664

Category:

Page: 602

View: 2625


Bones, Boats & Bison

Archeology and the First Colonization of Western North America

Author: E. James Dixon

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826321381

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 2935

This revolutionary archeological synthesis argues an alternative model of the earliest human population of North America. E. James Dixon dispels the stereotype of big-game hunters following mammoths across the Bering Land Bridge and paints a vivid picture of marine mammal hunters, fishers, and general foragers colonizing the New World. Applying contemporary scientific methods and drawing on new archeological discoveries, he advances evidence indicating that humans first reached the Americas using water craft along the deglaciated Northwest Coast about 13,500 years ago, some 2,000 years before the first Clovis hunters. Dixon's rigorous evaluation of the oldest North American archeological sites and human remains offers well-reasoned hypotheses about the physical characteristics, lives, and relationships of the First Americans. His crisply written analysis of scientific exploration is essential reading for scholars, students, and general readers.