Traktat über die menschliche Natur / Über den Verstand

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Meiner, F

ISBN: 9783787309214

Category: Philosophy

Page: 386

View: 1748

Die drei Bücher des Traktats (Über den Verstand; Über die Affekte; Über Moral), 1739 bzw. 1740 anonym publiziert, fielen "als Totgeburt aus der Presse" (so Hume über die Nichtbeachtung seines Erstlings durch die Zeitgenossen). Heute gilt das Jugendwerk, da es im Kern bereits die ganze Philosophie des kritischen Empirikers enthält, als Humes theoretisches Hauptwerk. Humes Wissenschaft von der menschlichen Natur vollzieht sich in einer doppelten Bewegung: sie zerstört der Intention nach die traditionelle Metaphysik und etabliert deren ihr selbst verborgene Wahrheit in einer neuartigen Geisteswissenschaft oder Anthropologie, der "science of man".

A Treatise of Human Nature

Author: David Hume

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736807643

Category: Philosophy

Page: 896

View: 8444

A Treatise of Human Nature is a book by philosopher David Hume. The introduction presents the idea of placing all science and philosophy on a novel foundation: namely, an empirical investigation into human psychology. It is evident, that all the sciences have a relation, greater or less, to human nature: and that however wide any of them may seem to run from it, they still return back by one passage or another. Even. Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and Natural Religion, are in some measure dependent on the science of MAN; since the lie under the cognizance of men, and are judged of by their powers and faculties. It is impossible to tell what changes and improvements we might make in these sciences were we thoroughly acquainted with the extent and force of human understanding, and could explain the nature of the ideas we employ, and of the operations we perform in our reasonings. And these improvements are the more to be hoped for in natural religion, as it is not content with instructing us in the nature of superior powers, but carries its views farther, to their disposition towards us, and our duties towards them; and consequently we ourselves are not only the beings, that reason, but also one of the objects, concerning which we reason. If therefore the sciences of Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and Natural Religion, have such a dependence on the knowledge of man, what may be expected in the other sciences, whose connexion with human nature is more close and intimate? The sole end of logic is to explain the principles and operations of our reasoning faculty, and the nature of our ideas: morals and criticism regard our tastes and sentiments: and politics consider men as united in society, and dependent on each other. In these four sciences of Logic, Morals, Criticism, and Politics, is comprehended almost everything, which it can any way import us to be acquainted with, or which can tend either to the improvement or ornament of the human mind.

A Treatise on Human Nature

Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning Into Moral Subjects; and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Author: David Hume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy, English

Page: N.A

View: 1641


David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature

Volume 1: Texts

Author: David Hume,David Fate Norton,Mary J. Norton

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199263833

Category: History

Page: 1173

View: 7783

This volume contains the text of David Hume's 'Treatise of Human Nature' (1739/40), followed by the short 'Abstract' (1740) in which Hume set out the key arguments of the larger work. This volume concludes with 'A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend inEdinburgh' (1745).

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

And Selections from a Treatise of Human Nature

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Barnes & Noble Publishing

ISBN: 9780760755921

Category: Philosophy

Page: 226

View: 6234

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is the thesis of a thinker who was a scientist, psychologist, metaphysician, and skeptic who continues to fascinate contemporary minds. The product of both youthful fire and mature consideration, the Enquiry, "contain[s] everything of Consequence relating to the understanding." In the face of skepticism, the Enquiry offered progress based on experience. In a time of dogmatism, the Enquiry dissected the basis of religious faith and delivered a still-powerful critique. It endeavors to be nothing less than the construction of an anatomy of human nature.

A Treatise of Human Nature - Primary Source Edition

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Nabu Press

ISBN: 9781293826003

Category:

Page: 746

View: 9305

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

David Hume - Collected Writings (Complete and Unabridged), a Treatise of Human Nature, an Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, an Enquiry Concernin

Author: David Hume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781781393598

Category: Philosophy

Page: 796

View: 4620

Philosopher David Hume was considered to one of the most important figures in the age of Scottish enlightenment. "A Treatise of Human Nature" broke new ground by attempting to base philosophy on human nature, making it one of the most important texts in Western Philosophy. Human passions and the ability to distinguish between virtue and vice are elucidated in the text. In "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" Hume discusses the weaknesses that humans have in their abilities to understand the world around them. This book is often a textbook for Philosophy Courses. "An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals" is an elegant enquiry into ethical theory, explained clearly and comprehensively. In Hume's "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion" he explores the very idea of God, the possibility of his existence, and his alleged nature as a good, perfect, omniscient, omnipotent Supreme Being.

Hume's Social Philosophy

Human Nature and Commercial Sociability in A Treatise of Human Nature

Author: Christopher J. Finlay

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441137572

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 9140

In Hume's Social Philosophy, Christopher J Finlay presents a highly original and engaging reading of David Hume's landmark text, A Treatise of Human Nature, and political writings published immediately after it, articulating a unified view of his theory of human nature in society and his political philosophy. The book explores the hitherto neglected social contexts within which Hume's ideas were conceived. While a great deal of attention has previously been given to Hume's intellectual and literary contexts, important connections can also be made between the fundamentals of Hume's philosophy and the social world in which it was developed. Finlay argues that Hume's unified theory of human nature, conceived in terms of passions, reason and sociability, was meant to account for human nature in its most articulate manifestations, in the commercial and 'polite' social contexts of eighteenth-century Europe. Through careful exegetical study of Hume's analysis of reasoning and the passions, Finlay explores the diverse aspects of sociability which the Treatise of Human Nature invokes. In particular, this study finds in the Treatise an important exploration of the tensions between the selfish motivations of individuals and their propensity to bond with others in complex and diverse kinds of social group. Analysis of Book III of the Treatise and of essays published afterwards shows how the various individualist and social propensities explored through the passions are addressed in Hume's theories of justice, morals and politics.