A System of Logic Ratiocinative and Inductive - Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Barber Press

ISBN: 1447410068

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 1119

Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

A System of Logic

Ratiocinative and Inductive; Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: N.A


Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 593

View: 7110

Grundlagen der statistischen Datenanalyse

Eine Einführung für Politikwissenschaftler

Author: Joachim Behnke,Nathalie Behnke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531145761

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 8804

Mit Ergebnissen empirischer Forschung, die in Kennwerten, Grafiken und Tabellen aufbereitet sind, kritisch und kompetent umgehen zu können, ist heute für Politologinnen und Politologen in Studium und Forschung eine unverzichtbare Voraussetzung. Diese kritische Lesekompetenz wird auch als "Statistical Literacy" bezeichnet. Dieses Buch vermittelt die "Statistical Literacy", indem es die Leser an ein echtes Verständnis der Annahmen und Vorgehensweisen in der Statistik herangeführt. Große Teile des Buches sind der Erläuterung und Einübung theoretischer Grundlagen gewidmet, wie der Messtheorie, der Argumentenlogik oder der Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie. Die Idee hinter diesem didaktischen Konzept ist, dass ein Verständnis dafür, wie und warum bestimmte Ergebnisse zustande kommen, auch die Kritikfähigkeit erhöht. Zugleich ermöglicht ein solches Verständnis auch, über die reine Lesefähigkeit hinaus, eigene statistische Auswertungen problemadäquat durchzuführen. Die beiden Autoren haben dieses Buch aus ihrer eigenen Lehrerfahrung heraus in mehrjähriger Arbeit geschrieben und das didaktische Konzept gezielt für die Bedürfnisse der Politikwissenschaft entwickelt. Die CD zum Buch erweitert die Möglichkeiten zur autodidaktischen Aneignung der statistischen Verfahren durch eine praxisorientierte Einführung in die Statistik-Software SPSS. Beispiele und vertiefende Exkurse runden das Buch zu einem fundierten und zugleich praxisnahen Lehr- und Nachschlagewerk ab, das für Studierende und Forschende gleichermaßen geeignet ist.

The Market and Other Orders

Author: Bruce Caldwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317562240

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 300

In addition to his groundbreaking contributions to pure economic theory, F. A. Hayek also closely examined the ways in which the knowledge of many individual market participants could culminate in an overall order of economic activity. His attempts to come to terms with the "knowledge problem" thread through his career and comprise the writings collected in the fifteenth volume of Routledge's Collected Works of F. A. Hayek series. The Market and Other Orders brings together more than twenty works spanning almost forty years that consider this question. Consisting of speeches, essays, and lectures, including Hayek's 1974 Nobel lecture, "The Pretense of Knowledge," the works in this volume draw on a broad range of perspectives, including the philosophy of science, the physiology of the brain, legal theory, and political philosophy. Taking readers from Hayek's early development of the idea of spontaneous order in economics through his integration of this insight into political theory and other disciplines, the book culminates with Hayek's integration of his work on these topics into an overarching social theory that accounts for spontaneous order in the variety of complex systems that Hayek studied throughout his career. Edited by renowned Hayek scholar Bruce Caldwell, who also contributes a masterly introduction that provides biographical and historical context, The Market and Other Orders forms the definitive compilation of Hayek's work on spontaneous order.

The Semantics of John Stuart Mill

Author: W.R. de Jong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400978162

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 4616

The original, Dutch version of this book served in 1979 as a doctoral disserta tion in philosophy at the Free University in Amsterdam. In this preface to the - slightly revised - English translation, I wish once again to express my gratitude to my supervisors, Prof. J. van der Hoeven of the Free University and Prof. G. Nuchelmans of the University of Leiden, for their excellent and stimulating support. Professor van der Hoeven was associated with this project from the outset. It was a privilege to benefit from his incisive commentaries, especially in those instances where the objective was to break through to more fundamental insights. I shall not lightly forget his friendly and heartening encouragement. I am equally grateful for my discussions with Professor Nuchelmans. I almost always tried to follow his advice, since it was based upon awesome expertness and erudition. I am happy to have found in the person of Herbert Donald Morton, Th.M., M.A., an able and enthusiastic translator. Drs. Gerben Groenewoud made the translations of a number of the Latin citations. I acknowledge permission from Routledge and Kegan Paul and the University of Toronto Press to quote from The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill. And I thank the Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (Z.W.O.) for fmancing this translation.

A Scientist's Voice in American Culture

Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Author: Albert E. Moyer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520912137

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6849

In late nineteenth-century America, Simon Newcomb was the nation's most celebrated scientist and—irascibly, doggedly, tirelessly—he made the most of it. Officially a mathematical astronomer heading a government agency, Newcomb spent as much of his life out of the observatory as in it, acting as a spokesman for the nascent but restive scientific community of his time. Newcomb saw the "scientific method" as a potential guide for all disciplines and a basis for all practical action, and argued passionately that it was of as much use in the halls of Congress as in the laboratory. In so doing, he not only sparked popular support for American science but also confronted a wide spectrum of social, cultural, and intellectual issues. This first full-length study of Newcomb traces the development of his faith in science and ranges over topics of great public debate in the Gilded Age, from the reform of economic theory to the recasting of the debate between science and religion. Moyer's portrait of a restless, eager mind also illuminates the bustle of late nineteenth-century America.

In the Presence of the Past

Essays in Honor of Frank Manuel

Author: R.T. Bienvenu,M. Feingold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401137641

Category: History

Page: 297

View: 6397

The broad canvas covered by the articles in the present volume celebrates the diversity and richness of the writings of Frank Manuel during a scholarly career that spans over five decades. The subjects of the articles - ranging from science to utopia, from theology to political thought - mirror many of the themes Manuel has written about with erudition, flair and uncommon perception. It is only fitting that in paying tribute to such a defiant intellect each author brings to his treatment a distinct perspective and texture, the result of his own original forays into the history of ideas. Yet underlying all the essays is the conviction that the study of the intersection of individuals and ideas still yields a rich harvest. Presented to Frank on the occasion of his eightieth birthday, In the Presence o/the Past honors a teacher, a friend and, above all, a scholar. R. T. Bienvenu and M. Feingold (eds). ln the presence of the past. vii. MARTIN PERETZ Frank Manuel: An Appreciation It was finally because of Frank Edward Manuel that I decided (however belatedly) to forgo a proper academic career. Since I had not left so much as a leafscar on the tree of the scholarly culture this is not a fact which anyone else would have reason to notice. It is also not, I am happy to add, something for which Manuel will be especially remembered.

Emergent Evolution

Qualitative Novelty and the Levels of Reality

Author: David Blitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401580421

Category: Science

Page: 241

View: 5918

Emergent evolution combines three separate but related claims, whose background, origin, and development I trace in this work: firstly, that evolution is a universal process of change, one which is productive of qualitative novelties; secondly, that qualitative novelty is the emergence in a system of a property not possessed by any of its parts; and thirdly, that reality can be analyzed into levels, each consisting of systems characterized by significant emergent properties. In part one I consider the background to emergence in the 19th century discussion of the philosophy of evolution among its leading exponents in England - Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer, T. H. Huxley, Alfred Russel Wallace, and G. J. Romanes. Unlike the scientific aspect of the debate which aimed to determine the factors and causal mechanism of biological evolution, this aspect of the debate centered on more general problems which form what I call the "philosophical framework for evolutionary theory." This considers the status of continuity and discontinuity in evolution, the role of qualitative and quantitative factors in change, the relation between the organic and the inorganic, the relation between the natural and the supernatural, the mind-body problem, and the scope of evolution, including its extension to ethics and morals.

Verantwortung für historisches Unrecht

Eine philosophische Untersuchung

Author: Michael Schefczyk

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110245892

Category: Philosophy

Page: 482

View: 3380

Das Buch bietet die erste systematische Untersuchung der Frage nach der Verantwortung für historisches Unrecht seit dem Erscheinen von Karl Jaspers’ „Die Schuldfrage“. Mit den Mitteln der modernen philosophischen Analyse untersucht es Gründe und Grenzen moralischer und krimineller Verantwortung und unterbreitet Lösungsvorschläge für das Problem der Wiedergutmachung für vergangenes Unrecht.

Zur Logik der Moralwissenschaften

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Vittorio Klostermann

ISBN: 9783465029526

Category: Ethics

Page: 202

View: 4669

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) hat mit seiner Abhandlung Uber die Logik der Moralwissenschaften das methodologische Grundlagenwerk der nichtnaturwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen im 19. Jahrhundert geschaffen. Mill hat darin den ehrgeizigen Versuch unternommen, den moral sciences, unseren heutigen Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, nach Art der Naturwissenschaften ein Fundament zu legen, das ihren Status als ernst zu nehmende Wissenschaft methodologisch festigen und sie in den Stand versetzen sollte, die sozialen Zustande und geschichtlichen Entwicklungen dem positivistischen Paradigma der Kausalitat gemass angemessener erklaren zu konnen. Die Logik der Moralwissenschaften wird hier seit uber einhundert Jahren erstmalig auf Deutsch vollstandig der Offentlichkeit vorgelegt, zu einem betrachtlichen Teil in neuer Ubersetzung. Damit ist die Voraussetzung gegeben, dass Studierende wie Lehrende der Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften eine verlassliche Arbeitsgrundlage haben, mit der sich die methodologische Grundlagendiskussion im Lichte eines Klassikers argumentativ bestreiten lasst.