Sociology of Globalization

Author: Saskia Sassen

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393927269

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 7930

In her groundbreaking book, sociologist Saskia Sassen identifies two sets of processes that make up globalization. One is the set of global institutions, such as the World Trade Organization, global financial markets, the War Crimes Tribunals and the new global cosmopolitanism. However, there is a second set of processes, frequently ignored by most social scientists, that occur on the national and local level. These processes can include state monetary and fiscal policy, networks of activists engaged in local struggles that have an explicit or implicit global agenda, and local and national politics that are unknowingly part of global networks containing similar localized efforts. Sassen's new book focuses on the importance of place, scale and the meaning of the national to study globalization. By emphasizing the interplay between the global and the local, A Sociology of Globalization introduces readers to new forms and conditions such as global cities, transnational communities and commodity chains that are increasingly common. Sassen's expanded approach to globalization offers new interpretive and analytic tools to understand the complex ideas of global interdependence.

Contemporary Economic Sociology

Globalization, Production, Inequality

Author: Fran Tonkiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134419481

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 5991

Contemporary Economic Sociology closely examines critical and contemporary issues in the sociology of economic life. Bringing together a range of theoretical perspectives, Fran Tonkiss examines major shifts in the organization of economy and society - from the politics of globalization to the cultural economy, social exclusion and the 'end' of class. This new volume is organized around three core themes (globalization, production and inequality) and answers the questions: how are transnational processes re-making contemporary economies? can capitalist globalization be governed or resisted? do class relations still shape people’s social identities? how can we think about inequality in national and international contexts? Key changes in each of these domains raise new challenges for analyzing social and economic relations, power, agency and identity. Setting these changes in a transnational context, this book examines how these issues are being re-shaped in contemporary societies, and explores competing frameworks for understanding such changes. Drawing on arguments from economic sociology, politics and policy studies, political economy and critical geography, the text focuses on both conceptual approaches to the social study of the economy, and trans-national processes of social and economic restructuring. The arguments provide a critical overview of current concerns for economic sociology, and extend the boundaries of the discipline to a new set of questions. The text is particularly relevant to undergraduate and graduate students and scholars in the fields of economic and political sociology, politics and government, geography, economics and international relations.

An Introduction to the Sociology of Religion

Classical and Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Professor Pål Repstad,Assoc Prof Inger Furseth

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140947710X

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 6070

An Introduction to the Sociology of Religion provides an overview of sociological theories of contemporary religious life. Some chapters are organized according to topic. Others offer brief presentations of classical and contemporary sociologists from Karl Marx to Zygmunt Bauman and their perspectives on social life, including religion. Throughout the book, illustrations and examples are taken from several religious traditions.

Society and Knowledge

Contemporary Perspectives in the Sociology of Knowledge and Science

Author: Nico Stehr,Volker Meja

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412815772

Category: Social Science

Page: 451

View: 2750

The sociology of knowledge is generally seen as part of the sociology of cultural products. Along with the sociology of science, it explores the social character of science and in particular the social production of scientific knowledge. Knowledge in all its varieties is of crucial importance in social, political, and economic relations in modern society. Yet new realities, the editors argue in their introduction to this second edition, require a new perspective. In the past half century, the social role of knowledge has changed profoundly. The natural attitude toward scientific knowledge in science that assigned a special status to science's knowledge claims has lost its dominance, and the view that all knowledge is socially constructed has gained general acceptance. Science increasingly influences the political agenda in modern societies. Consequently, a new political field has emerged: knowledge politics. These fourteen essays by social scientists, philosophers, and historians cover fundamental issues, theoretical perspectives, knowledge and power, and empirical studies. Eight of the fourteen contributions were part of the first edition of Society and Knowledge, published in 1984, and most of these have been updated and revised for this new edition. Included in this edition are six new contributions by Robert K. Merton, Steve Fuller, Dick Pels, Nico Stehr, Barry Schwartz, and Michael Lynch. This second, revised edition builds on its predecessor in presenting cutting-edge theoretical and empirical efforts to transform the sociology of knowledge. Professionals, policymakers, and graduate students in the fields of sociology, political science, and social science will find this volume of interest and importance.

Explorations in the Sociology of Consumption

Fast Food, Credit Cards and Casinos

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412933293

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5302

In this book, one of the leading social theorists and cultural commentators of modern times, turns his gaze on consumption. George Ritzer, author of the famous McDonaldization Thesis, demonstrates the irrational consequences of the rational desire to consume and commodify. He examines how McDonaldization might be resisted, and situates the reader in the new cultural spaces that are emerging in society: shopping malls, casino hotels, Disneyfied theme parks and Las Vegas, the new `cathedrals of consumption' as he calls them. The book shows how new processes of consumption relate to globalization theory. In illuminating discussions of the work of Thorstein Veblen and the French situationists, Ritzer unearths the roots of problems of consumption in older sociological traditions. He indicates how transgression is bound up with consumption, through an investigation of the obscene in popular and postmodern culture.

Capitalism in the Age of Globalization

The Management of Contemporary Society

Author: Samir Amin

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856494687

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 158

View: 8733

The author argues that each society that makes up the global economic system is not inevitably going to be assimilated into the globalization process. He asserts the need to negotiate the inter-dependence of each society with the global econony.

Globalization, Culture and Society in Laos

Author: Boike Rehbein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134092296

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 2664

Incorporating original fieldwork carried out over a period of more than ten years, combined with innovative theoretical argument, Globalization, Culture and Society in Laos presents one of the first sociological investigations into modern Laos. Boike Rehbein gives a fascinating overview of contemporary Lao culture and society, whilst linking local and national phenomena to tendencies of globalization and the history of the region. The book introduces a new theoretical approach based on the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu, applying this sociology to the interpretation of Lao history. It also examines various aspects of Lao culture and society, including economics, politics, language, higher education, music, and religion. Rehbein concludes by attempting to synthesize these cultural elements with the impact of globalization to give a synopsis of contemporary Lao society. Written by an expert in Lao history and culture, familiar with the language and the people, this book will be of huge interest to students and scholars of Laos, Southeast Asia, social theory and globalization.

Retrotopia

Author: Bauman, Zygmunt

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754742

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 3955

»Jedes einzelne von Baumans Büchern in der letzten Dekade kann als Meisterwerk gelesen werden.« Ulrich Beck »Make America great again«, lautet der Leitspruch des amtierenden US-Präsidenten. Nicht »vorwärts« soll es gehen, wie Barack Obama noch im Wahlkampf von 2012 versprochen hatte, sondern zurück zu alter Größe. Die Menschen scheinen die Hoffnung auf ein besseres Leben in der Zukunft aufgegeben zu haben und wenden sich stattdessen einer angeblich guten alten Zeit zu. In seinem letzten zu Lebzeiten vollendeten Buch untersucht der große Soziologe und Philosoph Zygmunt Bauman die Gründe für diese globale Epidemie der Nostalgie. Gut fünfhundert Jahre nach der Veröffentlichung von Thomas Morus’ Utopia, so seine These, haben die Nationalstaaten die Fähigkeit eingebüßt, ihre Versprechen auf Wohlstand und Sicherheit einzulösen. Wer in einer globalisierten Welt nach Orientierung sucht, der richtet seinen Blick daher nicht länger auf einen als Ideal verklärten Ort – einen topos –, sondern in eine untote Vergangenheit.

Sociology in Perspective

Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 1676

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Globalization

The Essentials

Author: George Ritzer,Paul Dean

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1119315204

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 7442

A concise exploration of globalization and its role in the contemporary era Driven by technological advancements and global corporations, more and more people are swept up by globalizing processes, creating new winners and losers. Globalization: The Essentials explores the flows, structures, processes, and consequences of globalization in the modern economic, political, and cultural landscape. This comprehensive introduction offers balanced coverage of areas such as global economic and cultural flows, environmental sustainability, the impact of technology, and racial, economic, and gender inequality — providing readers with foundational knowledge of globalization. Extensively revised and updated, this second edition includes expanded coverage of human trafficking and migration, global climate change, fake news and information wars, and transnational social movements with increased emphasis on examples from Central and South America, Africa, and Asia: Offers a straightforward approach to the multiple facets of globalization and their positive and negative influences on contemporary society Employs unique metaphors and a coherent narrative structure to promote intuitive understanding of abstract concepts Introduces cutting-edge research, updated statistics, and real-world examples in areas such as rising global populism, social justice movements, blockchain technology, and cryptocurrencies Provides an efficient and flexible pedagogical structure, allowing integration with instructor’s own course material Emphasizing student comprehension, a wide range of source material is incorporated including empirical research, relevant theories, newspaper and magazine articles, and popular books and monographs. Examples of current research and recent global developments, such as emerging economies and global health concerns, encourage classroom discussion and promote independent study. Globalization: The Essentials — a compact edition of the authors’ full-sized textbook Globalization: A Basic Text — provides concise coverage of the central concepts of this dynamic field. Offering a multidisciplinary approach, this textbook is an invaluable primary or supplemental resource for undergraduate study in any social science field, as well as coursework on economics, migration, inequality and stratification, and politics.

The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Culture

Author: Mark D. Jacobs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119250684

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 9663

This collection of original, state-of-the-art essays by prominent international scholars covers the most important issues comprising the sociology of culture. Provides an invaluable reference resource to all interested in the cultural structures and processes that animate contemporary life Contains 27 essays on the most important issues comprising the sociology of culture, including art, science, religions, race, class, gender, collective memory, institutions, and citizenship Reflects and analyzes the “cultural turn” that has transformed scholarship in the social sciences and humanities.

The New Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion

Author: Bryan S. Turner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119250668

Category: Social Science

Page: 712

View: 8159

Reflecting the very latest developments in the field, the New Companion provides a comprehensive introduction to the sociology of religion with a clear emphasis on comparative and historical approaches. Covers major debates in secularization theory, rational choice theory, feminism and the body Takes a multidisciplinary approach, covering history, sociology, anthropology, and religious studies International in its scope, covering American exceptionalism, Native American spirituality, and China, Europe, and Southeast Asia Offers discussions on the latest developments, including "megachurches", spirituality, post-secular society and globalization

Sociological Perspectives on Sport

The Games Outside the Games

Author: David Karen,Robert E. Washington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317973941

Category: Social Science

Page: 634

View: 7466

Sociological Perspectives on Sport: The Games Outside the Games seeks not only to inform students about the sports world but also to offer them analytical skills and the application of theoretical perspectives that deepen their awareness and understanding of social processes linking sports to the larger social world. With six original framing essays linking sport to a variety of topics, including race, class, gender, media, politics, deviance, and globalization, and 37 reprinted articles, this text/reader sets a new standard for excellence in teaching sports and society.

When Good Jobs Go Bad

Globalization, De-unionization, and Declining Job Quality in the North American Auto Industry

Author: Jeffrey S. Rothstein

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813576083

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 9121

From Chinese factories making cheap toys for export, to sweatshops in Bangladesh where name-brand garments are sewn—studies on the impact of globalization on workers have tended to focus on the worst jobs and the worst conditions. But in When Good Jobs Go Bad, Jeffrey Rothstein looks at the impact of globalization on a major industry—the North American auto industry—to reveal that globalization has had a deleterious effect on even the most valued of blue-collar jobs. Rothstein argues that the consolidation of the Mexican and U.S.-Canadian auto industries, the expanding number of foreign automakers in North America, and the spread of lean production have all undermined organized labor and harmed workers. Focusing on three General Motors plants assembling SUVs—an older plant in Janesville, Wisconsin; a newer and more viable plant in Arlington, Texas; and a “greenfield site” (a brand-new, state-of-the-art facility) in Silao, Mexico—When Good Jobs Go Bad shows how global competition has made nonstop, monotonous, standardized routines crucial for the survival of a plant, and it explains why workers and their local unions struggle to resist. For instance, in the United States, General Motors forced workers to accept intensified labor by threatening to close plants, which led local unions to adopt “keep the plant open” as their main goal. At its new factory in Silao, GM had hand-picked the union—one opposed to strikes and committed to labor-management cooperation—before it hired the first worker. Rothstein’s engaging comparative analysis, which incorporates the viewpoints of workers, union officials, and management, sheds new light on labor’s loss of bargaining power in recent decades, and highlights the negative impact of globalization on all jobs, both good and bad, from the sweatshop to the assembly line.

Society and Culture

Scarcity and Solidarity

Author: Bryan S Turner,Chris Rojek

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761970491

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 5342

Society and Culture reclaims the classical heritage, provides a clear-eyed assessment of the promise of sociology in the 21st century and asks whether the `cultural turn' has made the study of society redundant. Sociologists have objected to the rise of cultural studies on the grounds that it produces cultural relativism and lacks a stable research agenda. This book looks at these criticisms and illustrates the relevance of a sociological perspective in the analysis of human practice. The book argues that the classical tradition must be treated as a living tradition, rather than a period piece. It analyzes the fundamental principles of belonging and conflict in society and provides a detailed critical survey of the p

Sociology Beyond Societies

Mobilities for the Twenty-First Century

Author: John Urry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134655452

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5992

In this ground-breaking contribution to social theory, John Urry argues that the traditional basis of sociology - the study of society - is outmoded in an increasingly borderless world. If sociology is to make a pertinent contribution to the post societal era it must forget the social rigidities of the pre-global order and, instead, switch its focus to the study of both physical and virtual movement. In considering this sociology of mobilities, the book concerns itself with the travels of people, ideas, images, messages, waste products and money across international borders, and the implications these mobilities have to our experiences of time, space, dwelling and citizenship. Sociology Beyond Society extends recent debate about globalisation both by providing an analysis of how mobilities reconstitute social life in uneven and complex ways, and by arguing for the significance of objects, senses, and time and space in the theorising of contemporary life. This book will be essential reading for undergraduates and graduates studying sociology and cultural geography.

Borderlines in a Globalized World

New Perspectives in a Sociology of the World-System

Author: G. Preyer,Mathias Bos,Mathias Bös

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402005152

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 239

View: 3945

Scholars of different schools have extensively analyzed world systems as networks of communication under the fashionable heading `globalization.' Our collected new research pushes the argument one step further. Globalization is not a homogenization of all social life on earth. It is a heterogeneous process that connects the global and the local on different levels. To understand these contemporary developments this book employs innovative concepts, strategies of research, and explanations. Globalization is a metaphor for different borderstructures, new borderlines, and conditions of membership, which emerge in a global world-system. As a world-system expands it incorporates new territories and new peoples. The process of incorporation creates frontiers or boundaries of the world-system. These frontiers or boundary zones are the locus of resistance to incorporation, ethnogenesis, ethnic transformation, and ethnocide.

The Ends of Globalization

Bringing Society Back in

Author: Don Kalb,Marco Van der Land,Richard Staring,Nico Wilterdink,Bart Van Steenbergen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847698851

Category: Political Science

Page: 403

View: 7134

This book brings an empirical social science perspective to a public issue on which observers, economists, and business gurus have freely unleashed their abstract models and jumbo schemes. Written by internationally acclaimed authors, the chapters engage empirically tractable issues that are basic to any overall understanding of the social origins, structures, and consequences of the current wave of globalization. The book brings together in one volume diverse issues related to globalization that are generally dealt with in separate publications, such as migration, social inequality, flows of capital, Americanization and cultural identities, citizenship and collective action, and global governance. The diversity of topics and up to date discussion makes this book ideal as a text or supplementary reading for courses. As an argument for greater complexity, contingency and contradiction in contemporary debates on globalization, it is essential reading for any scholar or lay reader concerned about contemporary change.

The McDonaldization of Society 5

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412954304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 8493

'This book has been a fabulous success with students because it combines elements of critical social theory, readability... and popular culture' - Charles Frederick, Jr., Indiana University One of the most noteworthy and popular sociology books of all time, The McDonaldization of Society demonstrates the power of the sociological imagination to today's readers in a way that few books have been able to do. Key Features of the new edition: - brand new chapter examining the Starbucks phenomenon and its relationship to McDonaldization - updated examples of McDonaldization, including online dating services (e.g. match.com), Viagra, MDMA (ecstasy), text-messaging, Ikea, and megachurches - an increased focus on globalization, including an examination into the relationship between McDonaldization and the environment