A Primer for Undergraduate Research

From Groups and Tiles to Frames and Vaccines

Author: Aaron Wootton,Valerie Peterson,Christopher Lee

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319660659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 8381

This highly readable book aims to ease the many challenges of starting undergraduate research. It accomplishes this by presenting a diverse series of self-contained, accessible articles which include specific open problems and prepare the reader to tackle them with ample background material and references. Each article also contains a carefully selected bibliography for further reading. The content spans the breadth of mathematics, including many topics that are not normally addressed by the undergraduate curriculum (such as matroid theory, mathematical biology, and operations research), yet have few enough prerequisites that the interested student can start exploring them under the guidance of a faculty member. Whether trying to start an undergraduate thesis, embarking on a summer REU, or preparing for graduate school, this book is appropriate for a variety of students and the faculty who guide them.

Multiple Regression

A Primer

Author: Paul D. Allison

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9780761985334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 202

View: 1224

Presenting topics in the form of questions and answers, this popular supplemental text offers a brief introduction on multiple regression on a conceptual level. Author Paul D. Allison answers the most essential questions (such as how to read and interpret multiple regression tables and how to critique multiple regression results) in the early chapters, and then tackles the less important ones (for instance, those arising from multicollinearity) in the later chapters. With this organization, readers can stop at the end of any chapter and still feel like they've already gotten the meat of the subject.

Feminist Research Practice

A Primer

Author: Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483315673

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 1213

The fully revised and updated Second Edition of Feminist Research Practice: A Primer, edited by Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber, draws on the expertise of a stellar group of interdisciplinary scholars who cover cutting-edge research methods and explore research questions related to the complex and diverse issues that deeply impact women’s lives. This text offers a unique hands-on approach to research by featuring engaging and relevant exercises as well as behind-the-scenes glimpses of feminist researchers at work. The in-depth examples cover the range of research questions that feminists engage with, including issues of gender inequality, violence against women, body image issues, and the discrimination of other marginalized groups. Written in a clear, concise manner that invites students to explore and practice a wide range of research, the Second Edition offers seven new chapters that reflect the latest scholarship in the field, a stronger focus on ethics, new examples that bring concepts to life, effective learning tools, and more.

Creating Effective Undergraduate Research Programs in Science

The Transformation from Student to Scientist

Author: Roman Myron Taraban,Richard Lawrence Blanton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780807748770

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 4166

This is the first comprehensive, data-based study of the benefits to students who actively participate in authentic science research programs. The book features contributors from a variety of institutions who bring together studies of undergraduate research programs. They focus on identifying the successful elements of each program, and then draw valuable conclusions on the effects those programs have on the students. Providing much-needed information about the organization and administration of programs and the challenges to creating and sustaining viable research opportunities, this essential resource features a variety of perspectives, including those of external evaluators, longtime program directors, participants, and administrators. Creating Effective Undergraduate Reseach identifies the characteristics of effective programs and the kinds of gains that faculty and administrators can expect from them, and examines the barriers to research opportunities, including lack of departmental and institutional resources and inadequate faculty compensation. This book can be used as a primer for creating programs and for determining their effectiveness.

Loose-leaf Version for Investigating Astronomy

Author: Timothy F. Slater,Roger Freedman

Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education

ISBN: 1464168946

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5669

Sparked by the latest developments in astronomy education research, Investigating Astronomy focuses on conceptual understanding, visual literacy, and inquiry-based learning. Tim Slater and Roger Freedman’s concise (15 chapter) text explores core topics to show how astronomers study and decipher the universe’s underlying processes, helping students approach the subject from a professional scientist’s perspective.

Learning About Your Genes: A Primer For Non-biologists

Author: Friedberg Errol C

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813272635

Category: Science

Page: 124

View: 6348

Genes were unknowingly discovered in the 19th century by Gregor Mendel, a Czechoslovakian monk. It was later established that genes are made of DNA, a biological compound found in tiny thread-like structures called chromosomes that are located in the nuclei of all cells in our bodies. DNA consists of chains of entities called bases of which there are four in nature. DNA consists of long chains of bases (sometimes referred to as DNA sequences) that are joined in any order, but the precise order and length of which constitute different genes.Many (but not all) genes carry a code called the genetic code, a code that instructs the synthesis (manufacture) of the many hundreds of proteins that we require to survive and execute the many functions of life. The genetic code was deciphered in relatively recent years and is considered one of the most significant discoveries in the history of biology.Genes that encode instructions for the synthesis of proteins and those that regulate the manufacture of proteins comprise a mere two percent of our DNA. Despite our extensive knowledge of biology and the sub-discipline of molecular biology (the study of biology at the molecular level), the function (if any) of the rest of the DNA in our cells is unknown.Research about genes and DNA has in recent years spawned an endeavor referred to as the Human Genome Project, an international collaboration that has successfully determined, stored, and rendered publicly available the sequences of almost all the genetic content of the chromosomes of the human organism, otherwise known as the human genome.DNA sequences that are unique to every person on earth have been discovered (DNA fingherprints) and are now used for identifying criminals. The book relates a specific example of identifying a criminal who murdered two women.This is the first and only book that we are aware of that educates non-biologists about genes. It is written in a style and uses a vocabulary that can be comprehended by the average reader who knows very little if anything about genes.

Bildungserträge in der Erwerbsgesellschaft

Analysen zur Karrieremobilität

Author: Jürgen Schiener

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531901664

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 9360

Wissen gewinnt immer mehr an Bedeutung. Die Folgen für das Verhältnis von Bildung und Beschäftigung sind allerdings erst ansatzweise geklärt. Deshalb werden in diesem Buch ausgewählte Bezüge zwischen Bildung, Weiterbildung und beruflichen Karrieren anhand des sozio-ökonomischen Panels nachgezeichnet. Im Einzelnen geht es um den Wert von Bildungsabschlüssen bei der Statuszuweisung, die Entwicklung der Karrieremobilität, um Ungleichheiten in der Weiterbildungsbeteiligung und um den Nutzen beruflicher Weiterbildung für den sozialen Aufstieg. Die Ergebnisse werfen ein kritisches Licht auf den vielbeschworenen Anspruch des "lebenslangen Lernens".

Enhancing and Expanding Undergraduate Research

A Systems Approach: New Directions for Higher Education, Number 169

Author: Mitchell Malachowski,Jeffrey M. Osborn,Kerry K. Karukstis,Elizabeth L. Ambos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119061369

Category: Education

Page: 120

View: 6139

Undergraduate research is a high-impact practice that sparks students’ interest in learning, and it improves retention, student success, graduation rates, and postgraduation achievement. Many individual campuses have offered these programs for several years, and the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) has partnered with state systems of higher education and public and private consortia to foster the institutionalization of undergraduate research. This volume illustrates many of the successes that entire systems/consortia and their campuses have achieved, such as: connecting undergraduate research to the curriculum, student success and completion, especially for underrepresented students creating cross-campus discussions on curricula and pedagogy, research collaborations among departments and campuses, and enhanced interdisciplinary activities addressing the challenges of workforce development and faculty issues—especially workload and tenure/promotion. This the 169th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Higher Education. Addressed to presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other higher education decision makers on all kinds of campuses, it provides timely information and authoritative advice about major issues and administrative problems confronting every institution.

A Primer in Biological Data Analysis and Visualization Using R

Author: Gregg Hartvigsen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231537042

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 2165

R is the most widely used open-source statistical and programming environment for the analysis and visualization of biological data. Drawing on Gregg Hartvigsen's extensive experience teaching biostatistics and modeling biological systems, this text is an engaging, practical, and lab-oriented introduction to R for students in the life sciences. Underscoring the importance of R and RStudio in organizing, computing, and visualizing biological statistics and data, Hartvigsen guides readers through the processes of entering data into R, working with data in R, and using R to visualize data using histograms, boxplots, barplots, scatterplots, and other common graph types. He covers testing data for normality, defining and identifying outliers, and working with non-normal data. Students are introduced to common one- and two-sample tests as well as one- and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), correlation, and linear and nonlinear regression analyses. This volume also includes a section on advanced procedures and a chapter introducing algorithms and the art of programming using R.

A Primer of Signal Detection Theory

Author: Don McNicol

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135604681

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 674

A Primer of Signal Detection Theory is being reprinted to fill the gap in literature on Signal Detection Theory--a theory that is still important in psychology, hearing, vision, audiology, and related subjects. This book is intended to present the methods of Signal Detection Theory to a person with a basic mathematical background. It assumes knowledge only of elementary algebra and elementary statistics. Symbols and terminology are kept at a basic level so that the eventual and hoped for transfer to a more advanced text will be accomplished as easily as possible. Intended for undergraduate students at an introductory level, the book is divided into two sections. The first part introduces the basic ideas of detection theory and its fundamental measures. Its aim is to enable the reader to be able to understand and compute these measures. It concludes with a detailed analysis of a typical experiment and a discussion of some of the problems which can arise for the potential user of detection theory. The second section considers three more advanced topics: threshold theory, the extension of detection theory, and an examination of Thurstonian scaling procedures.

A Research Primer for Technical Communication

Methods, Exemplars, and Analyses

Author: Michael A. Hughes,George F. Hayhoe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135595518

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 2883

This practical volume provides a thorough introduction to conducting and critically reading research in technical communication, complete with exemplars of research articles for study. Offering a solid grounding in the research underpinnings of the technical communication field, this resource has been developed for use in master’s level and upper-division undergraduate research methods courses in technical and professional communication.

Basic Statistics

A Primer for the Biomedical Sciences

Author: Olive Jean Dunn,Virginia A. Clark

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470496855

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 1003

New Edition of a Classic Guide to Statistical Applications in the Biomedical Sciences In the last decade, there have been significant changes in the way statistics is incorporated into biostatistical, medical, and public health research. Addressing the need for a modernized treatment of these statistical applications, Basic Statistics, Fourth Edition presents relevant, up-to-date coverage of research methodology using careful explanations of basic statistics and how they are used to address practical problems that arise in the medical and public health settings. Through concise and easy-to-follow presentations, readers will learn to interpret and examine data by applying common statistical tools, such as sampling, random assignment, and survival analysis. Continuing the tradition of its predecessor, this new edition outlines a thorough discussion of different kinds of studies and guides readers through the important, related decision-making processes such as determining what information is needed and planning the collections process. The book equips readers with the knowledge to carry out these practices by explaining the various types of studies that are commonly conducted in the fields of medical and public health, and how the level of evidence varies depending on the area of research. Data screening and data entry into statistical programs is explained and accompanied by illustrations of statistical analyses and graphs. Additional features of the Fourth Edition include: A new chapter on data collection that outlines the initial steps in planning biomedical and public health studies A new chapter on nonparametric statistics that includes a discussion and application of the Sign test, the Wilcoxon Signed Rank test, and the Wilcoxon Rank Sum test and its relationship to the Mann-Whitney U test An updated introduction to survival analysis that includes the Kaplan Meier method for graphing the survival function and a brief introduction to tests for comparing survival functions Incorporation of modern statistical software, such as SAS, Stata, SPSS, and Minitab into the presented discussion of data analysis Updated references at the end of each chapter Basic Statistics, Fourth Edition is an ideal book for courses on biostatistics, medicine, and public health at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also appropriate as a reference for researchers and practitioners who would like to refresh their fundamental understanding of statistical techniques.

A Primer in Positive Psychology

Author: Christopher Peterson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199744909

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 3678

Positive psychology is the scientific study of what goes right in life, from birth to death and at all stops in between. It is a newly-christened approach within psychology that takes seriously the examination of that which makes life most worth living. Everyone's life has peaks and valleys, and positive psychology does not deny the valleys. Its signature premise is more nuanced, but nonetheless important: what is good about life is as genuine as what is bad and, therefore, deserves equal attention from psychologists. Positive psychology as an explicit perspective has existed only since 1998, but enough relevant theory and research now exist to fill a textbook suitable for a semester-long college course. A Primer in Positive Psychology is thoroughly grounded in scientific research and covers major topics of concern to the field: positive experiences such as pleasure and flow; positive traits such as character strengths, values, and talents; and the social institutions that enable these subjects as well as what recent research might contribute to this knowledge. Every chapter contains exercises that illustrate positive psychology, a glossary, suggestions of articles and books for further reading, and lists of films, websites, and popular songs that embody chapter themes. A comprehensive overview of positive psychology by one of the acknowledged leaders in the field, this textbook provides students with a thorough introduction to an important area of psychology.

Education and Racism

A Primer on Issues and Dilemmas

Author: Zeus Leonardo,W. Norton Grubb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351588397

Category: Education

Page: 162

View: 4770

Education and Racism is a concise and easily accessible primer for introducing undergraduate and graduate students to the field of race and education. Designed for introductory courses, each chapter provides an overview of a main issue or dilemma in the research on racial inequality and education and the particular approaches that have been offered to explain or address them. Theme-oriented chapters include curriculum, school (re)segregation, and high stakes testing as well as discussions on how racism intersects with other forms of marginality, like socio-economic status. The focus on particular educational themes is the strength of this book as it paints a portrait of the systematic nature of racism. It surveys multiple approaches to racism and education and places them in conversation with one another, incorporating both classical as well as contemporary theories. Although conceptually rich and dense with critical perspectives and empirical study, this expanded edition contains several powerful vignettes that illustrate the commanding roles racism and structural inequality continue to play in the classroom. Perfect for courses in Multicultural Education, Sociology of Education, Ethnic Studies and more, Education and Racism is the ideal primer for engaging students new to race and education without sacrificing the content for those who are already familiar with the field.

Metallomics

A Primer of Integrated Biometal Sciences

Author: Wolfgang Maret

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783268301

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 2980

Metallomics is an integrated biometal science as it unifies different disciplines into a mainstream subject that can be taught to students of the biological and biomedical sciences. Metallomics bridges chemistry and the biological sciences from a global and quantitative systems approach, while the biological context provides new insights into the functions of metals in biological cells. The book challenges the traditional view of relating biochemistry only to organic chemistry, and discusses the structure and function of metal ions in the context of their environment in organisms. This is an essential read for undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of biochemistry, cell biology, nutrition (trace element research), toxicology, pharmacology and ecology.

Substructural Logics: A Primer

Author: F. Paoli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402006050

Category: Philosophy

Page: 305

View: 2161

The aim of the present book is to give a comprehensive account of the ‘state of the art’ of substructural logics, focusing both on their proof theory (especially on sequent calculi and their generalizations) and on their semantics (both algebraic and relational. It is for graduate students in either philosophy, mathematics, theoretical computer science or theoretical linguistics as well as specialists and researchers.