A Practical Approach to Compiler Construction

Author: Des Watson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319527894

Category: Computers

Page: 254

View: 3569

This book provides a practically-oriented introduction to high-level programming language implementation. It demystifies what goes on within a compiler and stimulates the reader's interest in compiler design, an essential aspect of computer science. Programming language analysis and translation techniques are used in many software application areas. A Practical Approach to Compiler Construction covers the fundamental principles of the subject in an accessible way. It presents the necessary background theory and shows how it can be applied to implement complete compilers. A step-by-step approach, based on a standard compiler structure is adopted, presenting up-to-date techniques and examples. Strategies and designs are described in detail to guide the reader in implementing a translator for a programming language. A simple high-level language, loosely based on C, is used to illustrate aspects of the compilation process. Code examples in C are included, together with discussion and illustration of how this code can be extended to cover the compilation of more complex languages. Examples are also given of the use of the flex and bison compiler construction tools. Lexical and syntax analysis is covered in detail together with a comprehensive coverage of semantic analysis, intermediate representations, optimisation and code generation. Introductory material on parallelisation is also included. Designed for personal study as well as for use in introductory undergraduate and postgraduate courses in compiler design, the author assumes that readers have a reasonable competence in programming in any high-level language.

Introduction to Compiler Construction in a Java World

Author: Bill Campbell,Swami Iyer,Bahar Akbal-Delibas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482215071

Category: Computers

Page: 381

View: 4436

Immersing students in Java and the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Introduction to Compiler Construction in a Java World enables a deep understanding of the Java programming language and its implementation. The text focuses on design, organization, and testing, helping students learn good software engineering skills and become better programmers. The book covers all of the standard compiler topics, including lexical analysis, parsing, abstract syntax trees, semantic analysis, code generation, and register allocation. The authors also demonstrate how JVM code can be translated to a register machine, specifically the MIPS architecture. In addition, they discuss recent strategies, such as just-in-time compiling and hotspot compiling, and present an overview of leading commercial compilers. Each chapter includes a mix of written exercises and programming projects. By working with and extending a real, functional compiler, students develop a hands-on appreciation of how compilers work, how to write compilers, and how the Java language behaves. They also get invaluable practice working with a non-trivial Java program of more than 30,000 lines of code. Fully documented Java code for the compiler is accessible at http://www.cs.umb.edu/j--/

Programming Language Concepts

Author: Peter Sestoft

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447141563

Category: Computers

Page: 278

View: 9680

Programming Language Concepts uses a functional programming language (F#) as the metalanguage in which to present all concepts and examples, and thus has an operational flavour, enabling practical experiments and exercises. It includes basic concepts such as abstract syntax, interpretation, stack machines, compilation, type checking, and garbage collection techniques, as well as the more advanced topics on polymorphic types, type inference using unification, co- and contravariant types, continuations, and backwards code generation with on-the-fly peephole optimization. Programming Language Concepts covers practical construction of lexers and parsers, but not regular expressions, automata and grammars, which are well covered elsewhere. It throws light on the design and technology of Java and C# to strengthen students’ understanding of these widely used languages. The examples present several interpreters and compilers for toy languages, including a compiler for a small but usable subset of C, several abstract machines, a garbage collector, and ML-style polymorphic type inference. Each chapter has exercises based on such examples.

Introduction to Compiler Design

Author: Torben Ægidius Mogensen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319669664

Category: Computers

Page: 258

View: 4955

The second edition of this textbook has been fully revised and adds material about loop optimisation, function call optimisation and dataflow analysis. It presents techniques for making realistic compilers for simple programming languages, using techniques that are close to those used in "real" compilers, albeit in places slightly simplified for presentation purposes. All phases required for translating a high-level language to symbolic machine language are covered, including lexing, parsing, type checking, intermediate-code generation, machine-code generation, register allocation and optimisation, interpretation is covered briefly. Aiming to be neutral with respect to implementation languages, algorithms are presented in pseudo-code rather than in any specific programming language, but suggestions are in many cases given for how these can be realised in different language flavours. Introduction to Compiler Design is intended for an introductory course in compiler design, suitable for both undergraduate and graduate courses depending on which chapters are used.

A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture

Author: Daniel Page

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848822553

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 3370

It is a great pleasure to write a preface to this book. In my view, the content is unique in that it blends traditional teaching approaches with the use of mathematics and a mainstream Hardware Design Language (HDL) as formalisms to describe key concepts. The book keeps the “machine” separate from the “application” by strictly following a bottom-up approach: it starts with transistors and logic gates and only introduces assembly language programs once their execution by a processor is clearly de ned. Using a HDL, Verilog in this case, rather than static circuit diagrams is a big deviation from traditional books on computer architecture. Static circuit diagrams cannot be explored in a hands-on way like the corresponding Verilog model can. In order to understand why I consider this shift so important, one must consider how computer architecture, a subject that has been studied for more than 50 years, has evolved. In the pioneering days computers were constructed by hand. An entire computer could (just about) be described by drawing a circuit diagram. Initially, such d- grams consisted mostly of analogue components before later moving toward d- ital logic gates. The advent of digital electronics led to more complex cells, such as half-adders, ip- ops, and decoders being recognised as useful building blocks.

Engineering a Compiler

Author: Keith Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080916613

Category: Computers

Page: 824

View: 9277

This entirely revised second edition of Engineering a Compiler is full of technical updates and new material covering the latest developments in compiler technology. In this comprehensive text you will learn important techniques for constructing a modern compiler. Leading educators and researchers Keith Cooper and Linda Torczon combine basic principles with pragmatic insights from their experience building state-of-the-art compilers. They will help you fully understand important techniques such as compilation of imperative and object-oriented languages, construction of static single assignment forms, instruction scheduling, and graph-coloring register allocation. In-depth treatment of algorithms and techniques used in the front end of a modern compiler Focus on code optimization and code generation, the primary areas of recent research and development Improvements in presentation including conceptual overviews for each chapter, summaries and review questions for sections, and prominent placement of definitions for new terms Examples drawn from several different programming languages

Parsing Techniques

A Practical Guide

Author: Dick Grune,Ceriel J.H. Jacobs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387689540

Category: Computers

Page: 662

View: 2415

This second edition of Grune and Jacobs’ brilliant work presents new developments and discoveries that have been made in the field. Parsing, also referred to as syntax analysis, has been and continues to be an essential part of computer science and linguistics. Parsing techniques have grown considerably in importance, both in computer science, ie. advanced compilers often use general CF parsers, and computational linguistics where such parsers are the only option. They are used in a variety of software products including Web browsers, interpreters in computer devices, and data compression programs; and they are used extensively in linguistics.

Practical Foundations for Programming Languages

Author: Robert Harper

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316654338

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6815

This text develops a comprehensive theory of programming languages based on type systems and structural operational semantics. Language concepts are precisely defined by their static and dynamic semantics, presenting the essential tools both intuitively and rigorously while relying on only elementary mathematics. These tools are used to analyze and prove properties of languages and provide the framework for combining and comparing language features. The broad range of concepts includes fundamental data types such as sums and products, polymorphic and abstract types, dynamic typing, dynamic dispatch, subtyping and refinement types, symbols and dynamic classification, parallelism and cost semantics, and concurrency and distribution. The methods are directly applicable to language implementation, to the development of logics for reasoning about programs, and to the formal verification language properties such as type safety. This thoroughly revised second edition includes exercises at the end of nearly every chapter and a new chapter on type refinements.

Introduction to C++ Programming and Graphics

Author: Constantine Pozrikidis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387689923

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 9944

This book offers a venue for rapidly learning the language of C++ by concisely revealing its grammar, syntax and main features, and by explaining the key ideas behind object oriented programming (OOP) with emphasis on scientific computing. The book reviews elemental concepts of computers and computing, describes the primary features of C++, illustrates the use of pointers and user-defined functions, analyzes the construction of classes, and discusses graphics programming based on VOGLE and OpenGL. In short, the book is a basic, concise introduction to C++ programming for everyone from students to scientists and engineers seeking a quick grasp of key topics.

Implementing Programming Languages

An Introduction to Compilers and Interpreters

Author: Aarne Ranta

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848900646

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 2867

Implementing a programming language means bridging the gap from the programmer's high-level thinking to the machine's zeros and ones. If this is done in an efficient and reliable way, programmers can concentrate on the actual problems they have to solve, rather than on the details of machines. But understanding the whole chain from languages to machines is still an essential part of the training of any serious programmer. It will result in a more competent programmer, who will moreover be able to develop new languages. A new language is often the best way to solve a problem, and less difficult than it may sound. This book follows a theory-based practical approach, where theoretical models serve as blueprint for actual coding. The reader is guided to build compilers and interpreters in a well-understood and scalable way. The solutions are moreover portable to different implementation languages. Much of the actual code is automatically generated from a grammar of the language, by using the BNF Converter tool. The rest can be written in Haskell or Java, for which the book gives detailed guidance, but with some adaptation also in C, C++, C#, or OCaml, which are supported by the BNF Converter. The main focus of the book is on standard imperative and functional languages: a subset of C++ and a subset of Haskell are the source languages, and Java Virtual Machine is the main target. Simple Intel x86 native code compilation is shown to complete the chain from language to machine. The last chapter leaves the standard paths and explores the space of language design ranging from minimal Turing-complete languages to human-computer interaction in natural language.

Principles of Compilers

A New Approach to Compilers Including the Algebraic Method

Author: Yunlin Su,Song Y. Yan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642208355

Category: Computers

Page: 500

View: 8100

"Principles of Compilers: A New Approach to Compilers Including the Algebraic Method" introduces the ideas of the compilation from the natural intelligence of human beings by comparing similarities and differences between the compilations of natural languages and programming languages. The notation is created to list the source language, target languages, and compiler language, vividly illustrating the multilevel procedure of the compilation in the process. The book thoroughly explains the LL(1) and LR(1) parsing methods to help readers to understand the how and why. It not only covers established methods used in the development of compilers, but also introduces an increasingly important alternative — the algebraic formal method. This book is intended for undergraduates, graduates and researchers in computer science. Professor Yunlin Su is Head of the Research Center of Information Technology, Universitas Ma Chung, Indonesia and Department of Computer Science, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China. Dr. Song Y. Yan is a Professor of Computer Science and Mathematics at the Institute for Research in Applicable Computing, University of Bedfordshire, UK and Visiting Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, USA.

Modern Compiler Implementation in C

Author: Andrew W. Appel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268567

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 8149

This new, expanded textbook describes all phases of a modern compiler: lexical analysis, parsing, abstract syntax, semantic actions, intermediate representations, instruction selection via tree matching, dataflow analysis, graph-coloring register allocation, and runtime systems. It includes good coverage of current techniques in code generation and register allocation, as well as functional and object-oriented languages, that are missing from most books. In addition, more advanced chapters are now included so that it can be used as the basis for a two-semester or graduate course. The most accepted and successful techniques are described in a concise way, rather than as an exhaustive catalog of every possible variant. Detailed descriptions of the interfaces between modules of a compiler are illustrated with actual C header files. The first part of the book, Fundamentals of Compilation, is suitable for a one-semester first course in compiler design. The second part, Advanced Topics, which includes the advanced chapters, covers the compilation of object-oriented and functional languages, garbage collection, loop optimizations, SSA form, loop scheduling, and optimization for cache-memory hierarchies.

Modern Compiler Design

Author: Dick Grune,Kees van Reeuwijk,Henri E. Bal,Ceriel J.H. Jacobs,Koen Langendoen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461446996

Category: Computers

Page: 822

View: 8042

"Modern Compiler Design" makes the topic of compiler design more accessible by focusing on principles and techniques of wide application. By carefully distinguishing between the essential (material that has a high chance of being useful) and the incidental (material that will be of benefit only in exceptional cases) much useful information was packed in this comprehensive volume. The student who has finished this book can expect to understand the workings of and add to a language processor for each of the modern paradigms, and be able to read the literature on how to proceed. The first provides a firm basis, the second potential for growth.

Compilers

Principles, Techniques, and Tools

Author: Alfred V. Aho,Monica S. Lam,Jeffrey D. Ullman,Ravi Sethi

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 0133002144

Category: Computers

Page: 1000

View: 5631

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools, known to professors, students, and developers worldwide as the "Dragon Book," is available in a new edition. Every chapter has been completely revised to reflect developments in software engineering, programming languages, and computer architecture that have occurred since 1986, when the last edition published. The authors, recognizing that few readers will ever go on to construct a compiler, retain their focus on the broader set of problems faced in software design and software development.

Crafting A Compiler

Author: Charles N. Fischer,Richard J. LeBlanc Jr.,Ron K. Cytron

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 0133001571

Category: Computers

Page: 720

View: 1260

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Crafting a Compiler is a practical yet thorough treatment of compiler construction. It is ideal for undergraduate courses in Compilers or for software engineers, systems analysts, and software architects. Crafting a Compiler is an undergraduate-level text that presents a practical approach to compiler construction with thorough coverage of the material and examples that clearly illustrate the concepts in the book. Unlike other texts on the market, Fischer/Cytron/LeBlanc uses object-oriented design patterns and incorporates an algorithmic exposition with modern software practices. The text and its package of accompanying resources allow any instructor to teach a thorough and compelling course in compiler construction in a single semester. It is an ideal reference and tutorial for students, software engineers, systems analysts, and software architects.

Introduction to Operating System Design and Implementation

The OSP 2 Approach

Author: Michael Kifer,Scott Smolka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846288436

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 2727

This book is an introduction to the design and implementation of operating systems using OSP 2, the next generation of the highly popular OSP courseware for undergraduate operating system courses. Coverage details process and thread management; memory, resource and I/0 device management; and interprocess communication. The book allows students to practice these skills in a realistic operating systems programming environment. An Instructors Manual details how to use the OSP Project Generator and sample assignments. Even in one semester, students can learn a host of issues in operating system design.

Elements of Compiler Design

Author: Alexander Meduna

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420063251

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 3871

Maintaining a balance between a theoretical and practical approach to this important subject, Elements of Compiler Design serves as an introduction to compiler writing for undergraduate students. From a theoretical viewpoint, it introduces rudimental models, such as automata and grammars, that underlie compilation and its essential phases. Based on these models, the author details the concepts, methods, and techniques employed in compiler design in a clear and easy-to-follow way. From a practical point of view, the book describes how compilation techniques are implemented. In fact, throughout the text, a case study illustrates the design of a new programming language and the construction of its compiler. While discussing various compilation techniques, the author demonstrates their implementation through this case study. In addition, the book presents many detailed examples and computer programs to emphasize the applications of the compiler algorithms. After studying this self-contained textbook, students should understand the compilation process, be able to write a simple real compiler, and easily follow advanced books on the subject.

Compiler Design

Analysis and Transformation

Author: Helmut Seidl,Reinhard Wilhelm,Sebastian Hack

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642175481

Category: Computers

Page: 177

View: 3911

While compilers for high-level programming languages are large complex software systems, they have particular characteristics that differentiate them from other software systems. Their functionality is almost completely well-defined - ideally there exist complete precise descriptions of the source and target languages. Additional descriptions of the interfaces to the operating system, programming system and programming environment, and to other compilers and libraries are often available. The book deals with the optimization phase of compilers. In this phase, programs are transformed in order to increase their efficiency. To preserve the semantics of the programs in these transformations, the compiler has to meet the associated applicability conditions. These are checked using static analysis of the programs. In this book the authors systematically describe the analysis and transformation of imperative and functional programs. In addition to a detailed description of important efficiency-improving transformations, the book offers a concise introduction to the necessary concepts and methods, namely to operational semantics, lattices, and fixed-point algorithms. This book is intended for students of computer science. The book is supported throughout with examples, exercises and program fragments.

Introduction to Functional Programming Systems Using Haskell

Author: Antony J. T. Davie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521277242

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 449

Here is an introduction to functional programming and its associated systems. A unique feature is its use of the language Haskell for teaching both the rudiments and the finer points of the functional technique. Haskell is a new, internationally agreed and accepted functional language that is designed for teaching, research and applications, that has a complete formal description, that is freely available, and that is based on ideas that have a wide consensus. Thus it encapsulates some of the main thrusts of functional programming itself, which is a style of programming designed to confront the software crisis directly. Programs written in functional languages can be built up from smaller parts, and they can also be proved correct, important when software has to be reliable. Moreover, a certain amount of parallelism can be extracted from functional languages automatically. This book serves as an introduction both to functional programming and Haskell, and will be most useful to students, teachers and researchers in either of these areas. An especially valuable feature are the chapters on programming and implementation, along with a large number of exercises.